Head Start Program Fact Sheet Fiscal Year 2010
 

 

Fiscal Year 2010

 

FY 2009 Actual

FY 2010 Appropriation

Local Head Start Projects

 

 

Projects in States and Territories

$6,361,913,089

$6,447,162,660

American Indian-Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Programs

$510,028,911

$519,268,340

Subtotal

$6,871,942,000

$6,996,431,000

Support Activities

 

 

Training and Technical Assistance

$176,352,000

$176,352,000

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation

$19,989,000

$20,000,000

Monitoring/Program Review

$42,000,000

$42,000,000

Subtotal

$238,341,000

$238,352,000

Head Start, Recovery Act1

[$1,000,000,000]

 

Early Head Start, Recovery Act

[$1,100,000,000]

 

TOTAL

$7,110,283,000

$7,234,783,000

_______________________
1The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act appropriated $2.1 billion for the Head Start and Early Head Start programs in FY 2009 to expand enrollment by 64,000 children and families. These funds are available for 2 years.

 

Fiscal Year 2010
ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
Office of Head Start
1250 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20024
Head Start Logo
February 2010
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Office of Head Start (OHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Office of Head Start's American Indian-Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY-2009 Program Statistics

ENROLLMENT

904,153

Ages

 

Number of 5 year olds and older

3%

Number of 4 year olds

51%

Number of 3 year olds

36%

Number under 3 years of age

10%

Racial Composition

 

American Indian/Alaska Native

4.0%

Black/African American

30.0%

White

39.9%

Asian

1.7%

Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

0.6%

Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial

7.8%

Unspecified/Other

16.7%

Ethnic Composition

 

Hispanic/Latino

35.9%

NUMBER OF GRANTEES

1,591

Number of Classrooms

49,200

AVERAGE COST PER CHILD

$7,600

PAID STAFF

212,000

VOLUNTEERS

1,274,000

* Each enrollee is reported in both an ethnicity and a race category, which correlates to what the U.S. Census Bureau measures. For example, a family that identifies their child as Black and Cuban will be counted in the "Hispanic or Latino" ethnicity category and also counted in the "Black or African American" race category.

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During the 2008–2009 Head Start Program Year:

  • 11.5 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • 44,109 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 77 percent of Head Start teachers have at least an AA degree in Early Childhood Education.
  • 26 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. More than 850,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 94 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 82 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established the Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2009, $709 million was used to support more than 650 programs which provided Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served more than 66,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 228,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.

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FY 2009 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE

FUNDING

ENROLLMENT

ALABAMA

$110,249,206

16,218

ALASKA*

12,896,034

1,583

ARIZONA

107,014,507

12,946

ARKANSAS

66,717,253

10,521

CALIFORNIA

859,903,697

97,894

COLORADO

70,658,907

9,820

CONNECTICUT*

53,660,157

6,798

DELAWARE*

13,685,159

2,059

District of Columbia

25,959,996

3,403

FLORIDA

272,067,200

35,390

GEORGIA

174,228,123

23,359

HAWAII

23,662,982

3,049

IDAHO*

23,588,259

2,818

ILLINOIS

279,954,144

39,435

INDIANA

99,465,458

14,145

IOWA

53,299,350

7,677

KANSAS

52,655,405

8,178

KENTUCKY

111,506,347

15,961

LOUISIANA

150,854,764

21,327

MAINE*

28,548,027

3,748

MARYLAND

80,682,993

10,328

MASSACHUSETTS*

112,027,847

12,704

MICHIGAN

242,511,360

34,152

MINNESOTA*

74,447,456

10,142

MISSISSIPPI

167,178,073

26,520

MISSOURI

123,030,722

17,441

MONTANA

21,660,206

2,902

NEBRASKA

37,282,488

5,059

NEVADA

25,104,010

2,754

NEW HAMPSHIRE

13,840,339

1,632

NEW JERSEY

133,392,411

14,848

NEW MEXICO

54,074,855

7,249

NEW YORK

447,896,246

48,013

NORTH CAROLINA

146,070,201

18,903

NORTH DAKOTA

17,757,780

2,348

OHIO

255,276,707

37,072

OKLAHOMA

83,800,755

13,474

OREGON*

61,487,791

11,086

PENNSYLVANIA*

235,917,078

35,253

RHODE ISLAND*

22,762,399

2,860

SOUTH CAROLINA

85,302,467

12,195

SOUTH DAKOTA

19,464,308

2,827

TENNESSEE

123,390,836

16,339

TEXAS

494,959,267

67,591

UTAH

39,046,126

5,400

VERMONT

14,019,568

1,506

VIRGINIA

102,461,544

13,518

WASHINGTON*

103,768,790

11,278

WEST VIRGINIA

52,362,072

7,610

WISCONSIN*

93,962,521

13,470

WYOMING

12,791,225

1,788

INDIAN TRIBES

203,804,971

22,943

MIGRANT PROGRAMS

306,223,940

35,996

AMERICAN SAMOA

2,223,157

1,532

GUAM

2,237,051

440

NO. MARIANAS

1,720,720

420

PALAU

1,378,720

509

PUERTO RICO

257,779,644

36,780

VIRGIN ISLANDS

8,268,382

942

* Some programs in these States meet some or all of the required non-federal share requirement for 20% of the total cost of the program to come from non-federal sources through State funds to support children. This does not represent all State funds that may be used for Head Start but those funds used to meet the federally required match.

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HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR

ENROLLMENT

APPROPRIATION

1965 (summer only)

561,000

$ 96,400,000

1966

733,000

198,900,000

1967

681,400

349,200,000

1968

693,900

316,200,000

1969

663,600

333,900,000

1970

477,400

325,700,000

1971

397,500

360,000,000

1972

379,000

376,300,000

1973

379,000

400,700,000

1974

352,800

403,900,000

1975

349,000

403,900,000

1976

349,000

441,000,000

1977

333,000

475,000,000

1978

391,400

625,000,000

1979

387,500

680,000,000

1980

376,300

735,000,000

1981

387,300

818,700,000

1982

395,800

911,700,000

1983

414,950

912,000,000

1984

442,140

995,750,000

1985

452,080

1,075,059,000

1986

451,732

1,040,315,000

1987

446,523

1,130,542,000

1988

448,464

1,206,324,000

1989

450,970

1,235,000,000

1990

540,930

1,552,000,000

1991

583,471

1,951,800,000

1992

621,078

2,201,800,000

1993

713,903

2,776,286,000

1994

740,493

3,325,728,000

1995

750,696

3,534,128,000

1996

752,077

3,569,329,000

1997

793,809

3,980,546,000

1998

822,316

4,347,433,000

1999

826,016

4,658,151,000

2000

857,664

5,267,000,000

2001

905,235

6,199,123,000

2002

912,345

6,536,570,000

2003

909,608

6,667,533,000

2004

905,851

6,774,848,000

2005

906,993

6,843,114,000

2006

909,201

6,872,062,000

2007

908,412

6,888,571,000

2008

906,992

6,877,975,000

2009

904,153

7,112,786,000

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Head Start Program Fact Sheet. HHS/ACF/OHS. 2010. English.


Last Reviewed: January 2011

Last Updated: August 18, 2014