Head Start Program Fact Sheet Fiscal Year 2004

Fiscal Year 2004

 
FY 2003 Actual
FY 2004 Appropriation
Local Head Start Projects    
Projects in States and Territories
$6,007,430,821
$6,104,657,000
American Indian and Migrant Programs
$443,613,179
$451,019,000
Subtotal
$6,451,044,000
$6,555,676,000
Support Activities    
Training and Technical Assistance
$169,688,000
$172,371,000
Research, Demonstration and Evaluation
$20,000,000
$20,000,000
Monitoring/Program Review
$26,051,000
$26,801,000
Subtotal
$215,739,000
$219,172,000
                 TOTAL
$6,666,783,000
$6,774,848,000

ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES
Head Start Bureau
330 C Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20447

Head Start Logo

March, 2004
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Head Start Bureau, the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACFY), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau's American Indian and Migrant Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.


FY-2003 Program Statistics

Enrollment
909,608
     Ages:  
     Number of 5 year olds and older
5%
     Number of 4 year olds
53%
     Number of 3 year olds
34%
     Number under 3 years of age
8%
     Racial Composition  
     American Indian/Alaska Native
3.2%
     Black/African American
31.5%
     White
27.6%
     Asian
1.8%
     Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
1.1%
     Multi-Racial/Other
4.2%
     Ethnic Composition
 
     Hispanic/Latino
30.6%
NUMBER OF GRANTEES
1,670
     Number of Classrooms
47,000
     Number of Centers
19,200
AVERAGE COST PER CHILD
$7,092
PAID STAFF
206,000
VOLUNTEERS
1,372,000

* Each enrollee is reported in both an ethnicity and a race category, which correlates to what the U.S. Census Bureau measures. For example, a family that identifies their child as Black and Cuban will be counted in the "Hispanic or Latino" ethnicity category and also counted in the "Black or African American" race category.

During the 2002-2003 Head Start Program Year:

  • 12.5 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • More than 47,000 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 28 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Over 880,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 89 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 83 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established a new Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2003, nearly $667 million was used to support more than 650 programs to provide Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 133,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
  • 115 Head Start and Early Head Start Programs were sponsored by faith-based organizations.
FY 2003 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE
2003 Funding
Enrollment
ALABAMA
$103,588,331
16,509
ALASKA
$12,126,424
1,817
ARIZONA
$100,173,750
13,215
ARKANSAS
$62,645,003
10,915
CALIFORNIA
$811,486,631
98,767
COLORADO
$66,427,807
9,843
CONNECTICUT
$50,604,341
7,129
DELAWARE
$12,536,909
2,214
District of Columbia
$24,407,526
3,403
FLORIDA
$255,501,245
35,350
GEORGIA
$163,757,113
23,400
HAWAII
$22,248,160
3,063
IDAHO
$21,819,720
2,939
ILLINOIS
$263,047,115
39,640
INDIANA
$93,523,057
14,148
IOWA
$50,108,568
7,717
KANSAS
$49,503,208
7,924
KENTUCKY
$104,828,778
16,091
LOUISIANA
$141,891,707
22,108
MAINE
$26,990,760
3,970
MARYLAND
$75,851,238
10,235
MASSACHUSETTS
$105,475,665
12,981
MICHIGAN
$228,044,810
35,099
MINNESOTA
$70,369,154
10,332
MISSISSIPPI
$157,164,747
26,762
MISSOURI
$115,662,551
17,573
MONTANA
$20,365,406
2,952
NEBRASKA
$35,008,457
5,203
NEVADA
$23,315,025
2,754
NEW HAMPSHIRE
$13,018,299
1,632
NEW JERSEY
$126,711,091
15,099
NEW MEXICO
$50,852,224
7,651
NEW YORK
$422,349,645
49,473
NORTH CAROLINA
$137,403,001
19,125
NORTH DAKOTA
$16,696,830
2,357
OHIO
$239,770,120
38,017
OKLAHOMA
$78,783,942
13,474
OREGON
$57,703,995
9,052
PENNSYLVANIA
$222,603,242
30,908
RHODE ISLAND
$21,445,541
3,150
SOUTH CAROLINA
$80,222,592
12,248
SOUTH DAKOTA
$18,301,095
2,827
TENNESSEE
$116,071,781
16,473
TEXAS
$465,421,856
67,764
UTAH
$36,709,468
5,527
VERMONT
$13,182,631
1,573
VIRGINIA
$96,213,748
13,768
WASHINGTON
$98,022,295
11,001
WEST VIRGINIA
$49,227,458
7,650
WISCONSIN
$88,082,140
13,515
WYOMING
$12,027,897
1,803
AMERICAN INDIAN
$183,412,092
23,802
MIGRANT PROGRAMS
$260,201,087
33,609
OUTER PACIFIC
$15,128,452
6,209
PUERTO RICO
$243,016,007
36,687
VIRGIN ISLANDS
$9,992,265
1,161
HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR
ENROLLMENT
APPROPRIATION
1965 (Summer only)
561,000
$96,400,000
1966
733,000
198,900,000
1967
681,400
349,200,000
1968
693,900
316,200,000
1969
663,600
333,900,000
1970
477,400
325,700,000
1971
397,500
360,000,000
1972
379,000
376,300,000
1973
379,000
400,700,000
1974
352,800
403,900,000
1975
349,000
403,900,000
1976
349,000
441,000,000
1977
333,000
475,000,000
1978
391,400
625,000,000
1979
387,500
680,000,000
1980
376,300
735,000,000
1981
387,300
818,700,000
1982
395,800
911,700,000
1983
414,950
912,000,000
1984
442,140
995,750,000
1985
452,080
1,075,059,000
1986
451,732
1,040,315,000
1987
446,523
1,130,542,000
1988
448,464
1,206,324,000
1989
450,970
1,235,000,000
1990
540,930
1,552,000,000
1991
583,471
1,951,800,000
1992
621,078
2,201,800,000
1993
713,903
2,776,286,000
1994
740,493
3,325,728,000
1995
750,696
3,534,128,000
1996
752,077
3,569,329,000
1997
793,809
3,980,546,000
1998
822,316
4,347,433,000
1999
826,016
4,658,151,448
2000
857,664
5,267,000,000
2001
905,235
6,200,000,000
2002
912,345
6,536,570,000
2003
909,608
6,667,533,000

Head Start Program Fact Sheet. HHS/ACF/OHS. 2004. English.

Last Reviewed: February 2011

Last Updated: September 22, 2014