Dual Language Learners in State Early Learning Guidelines and Standards

Snapshot of References to Dual Language Learners (DLLs) in State Early Learning Guidelines

This at-a-glance table lists where DLLs are referenced in state guidelines, standards, and supporting documents.

State Separate DLL Guidelines Separate DLL Section(s) within State EC Guidelines Introduction Mentions DLLs** Mention of DLLs in Language/
Literacy
Domain
DLLs Mentioned in Other Domain(s) No Mention of DLLs
Alabama*       X    
Alaska*       X    
Arizona   X X X    
Arkansas     X X X  
American Samoa NA NA NA NA NA NA
California X X
Birth to 3: Chapter 6
X
Infant/Toddler Foundations
X
Infant/Toddler Foundations
X  
Colorado*     X
Guidelines
X
Guidelines
X
Guidelines
 
Connecticut   X
Standards Birth to 5
  X
Guidelines
X
Standards
 
Delaware*       X
Infant/Toddler and Preschool
X
One other Preschool Domain
 
District of Columbia*     X      
Federated States of Micronesia NA NA NA NA NA NA
Florida     X
Standards: 4-year-olds
X
Standards: Birth to 5 and 4-year-olds
X
Standards: 4-year-olds
 
Georgia* X   X X
0-3
   
Guam       X
3-5
  X
0-3
Hawaii*           X
Idaho   X   X X  
Illinois*   X X
Preschool
X
Birth to 3 and Preschool
X
Preschool
 
Indiana*   X
Framework Birth to 5
X      
Iowa     X X X  
Kansas     X
X
   
Kentucky* X
Reference Handbook
  X      
Louisiana   X X X X  
Maine*   X
Infant/ Toddler
sidebar
X X X  
Republic of Marshall Islands NA NA NA NA NA NA
Maryland*       X
Birth to 3
X
Birth to 3
 
Massachusetts* X X
In Infant/
Toddler Guidelines
  X
In Infant/
Toddler Guidelines
   
Michigan*   X
Prekindergarten
X
Infant/Toddler
X
Prekindergarten
X  
Minnesota*     X
3-5
X    
Mississippi*           X
Missouri*       X    
Montana*   X X X X  
Nebraska     X
3-5 and Infant/Toddler
X
3-5 and Infant/Toddler
X  
Nevada* X   X X    
New Hampshire*     X      
New Jersey*   X
Implementation Guidelines
X
Standards
X
Standards
X
Standards
 
New Mexico*     X X X  
New York   X X X
Guidelines
X
Guidelines
 
North Carolina*   X X X X  
North Dakota*     X X X  
Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands* NA NA NA NA NA NA
Ohio   X
Implementation Guides
  X
Implementation Guides
Reflection Tool
X
Implementation Guides
 
Oklahoma*     X
3-5
X
0-3 and 3-5
   
Oregon     X X
0-3 and 3-5
X
0-3
 
Republic of Palau NA NA NA NA NA NA
Pennsylvania*   X X X X  
Puerto Rico NA NA NA NA NA NA
Rhode Island*       X    
South Carolina*     X
Infant/Toddler
X
Infant/Toddler
  X
3-5
South Dakota*     X X    
Tennessee*     X X X X
Texas   X
Little Texans
X X    
Utah*     X X    
Vermont*     X X    
U.S. Virgin Islands*     X X X  
Virginia*     X      
Washington   X X X    
West Virginia     X X    
Wisconsin*       X X  
Wyoming*       X    

*Member of the World-class Instructional Design and Assessment (WIDA) Consortium

**The term "dual language learner (DLL)" is used in Head Start to refer to children learning more than one language; elsewhere, DLLs are often referred to as English language learners (ELLs), limited English proficient (LEP), English learners (ELs), non-English speaking, English as a second language (ESL), and bilinguals. These terms appear in these tables as the different states and territories wrote them.

Last Reviewed: April 2015

Last Updated: May 18, 2015