45 FR 1304.52 (c-g) Human Resources Management

Leadership and management skills are essential to overseeing the staff and operations of a comprehensive, quality child and family program. 45 CFR 1304.52 (c - g) specify the areas of training, experience and, where applicable, licensing required. Included are qualifications for directors, education and child development staff; health, mental health and nutrition specialists; family partnerships, community partnerships and parent involvement staff; disabilities services coordinators; and, finally for home visitors and those staff working as teachers with infants and toddlers.

(c) Early Head Start or Head Start Director Qualifications
(d) Qualifications of Content Area Experts
(e) Home Visitor Qualifications
(f) Infant and Toddler Staff Qualifications
(g) Classroom Staffing and Home Visitors

[Code of Federal Regulations][Title 45, Volume 4]
[Revised as of October 1, 2004]
[CITE: 45CFR1304.52][Page 140-140]
Subpart D_Program Design and Management

Sec. 1304.52 Human Resource Management


(c) Early Head Start or Head Start director qualifications. The Early Head Start or Head Start director must have demonstrated skills and abilities in a management capacity relevant to human services program management.

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(d) Qualifications of content area experts. Grantee and delegate agencies must hire staff or consultants who meet the qualifications listed below to provide content area expertise and oversight on an ongoing or regularly scheduled basis. Agencies must determine the appropriate staffing pattern necessary to provide these functions.

(1) Education and child development services must be supported by staff or consultants with training and experience in areas that include:
The theories and principles of child growth and development, early childhood education, and family support. In addition, staff or consultants must meet the qualifications for classroom teachers, as specified in section 648A of the Head Start Act and any subsequent amendments regarding the qualifications of teachers.

(2) Health services must be supported by staff or consultants with training and experience in public health, nursing, health education, maternal and child health, or health administration. In addition, when a health procedure must be performed only by a licensed/certified health professional, the agency must assure that the requirement is followed.

(3) Nutrition services must be supported by staff or consultants who are registered dietitians or nutritionists.

(4) Mental health services must be supported by staff or consultants who are licensed or certified mental health professionals with experience and expertise in serving young children and their families.

(5) Family and community partnership services must be supported by staff or consultants with training and experience in field(s) related to social, human, or family services.

(6) Parent involvement services must be supported by staff or consultants with training, experience, and skills in assisting the parents of young children in advocating and decision-making for their families.

(7) Disabilities services must be supported by staff or consultants with training and experience in securing and individualizing needed services for children with disabilities.

(8) Grantee and delegate agencies must secure the regularly scheduled or ongoing services of a qualified fiscal officer.

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(e) Home visitor qualifications. Home visitors must have knowledge and experience in child development and early childhood education; the principles of child health, safety, and nutrition; adult learning principles; and family dynamics. They must be skilled in communicating with and motivating people. In addition, they must have knowledge of community resources and the skills to link families with appropriate agencies and services.

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(f) Infant and toddler staff qualifications. Early Head Start and Head Start staff working as teachers with infants and toddlers must obtain a Child Development Associate (CDA) credential for Infant and Toddler Caregivers or an equivalent credential that addresses comparable competencies within one year of the effective date of the final rule or, thereafter, within one year of hire as a teacher of infants and toddlers. In addition, infants and toddler teachers must have the training and experience necessary to develop consistent, stable, and supportive relationships with very young children. The training must develop knowledge of infant and toddler development, safety issues in infant and toddler care (e.g., reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), and methods for communicating effectively with infants and toddlers, their parents, and other staff members.

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(g) Classroom staffing and home visitors.

(1) Grantee and delegate agencies must meet the requirements of 45 CFR 1306.20 regarding classroom staffing.

(2) When a majority of children speak the same language, at least one classroom staff member or home visitor interacting regularly with the children must speak their language.

(3) For center-based programs, the class size requirements specified in 45 CFR 1306.32 must be maintained through the provision of substitutes when regular classroom staff are absent.

(4) Grantee and delegate agencies must ensure that each teacher working exclusively with infants and toddlers has responsibility for no more than four infants and toddlers and that no more than eight infants and toddlers are placed in any one group. However, if State, Tribal or local regulations specify staff:child ratios and group sizes more stringent than this requirement, the State, Tribal or local regulations must apply.

(5) Staff must supervise the outdoor and indoor play areas in such a way that children's safety can be easily monitored and ensured.


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45 CFR 1304.52 (c-g) Human Resource Management. Program Performance Standards for the Operation of Head Start Programs by Grantee and Delegate Agencies. 2004. English.

Last Reviewed: June 2012

Last Updated: June 19, 2013