Developing Listening and Speaking Skills
 

Research confirms that children need many opportunities to both talk and listen with teachers and peers in order to gain the language skills valuable for their success in reading and writing. All adults involved in the education of young children benefit from understanding the importance of open-ended questions, vocabulary exploration, and engaging conversations with young learners. Included here are examples of explicit questions that enhance the language skills of young children.



The following is an excerpt from Teaching Our Youngest.


We need to put to rest the old saying, "Children should be seen and not heard." Research shows beyond question that it is through having many opportunities to talk as well as to listen to teachers and peers that children gain language skills so valuable for their success in reading and writing.

It is important for young children to be able to:

  • Listen carefully for different purposes, such as to get information or for enjoyment.
  • Use spoken language for a variety of purposes.
  • Follow and give simple directions and instructions.
  • Ask and answer questions.
  • Use appropriate volume and speed when they speak.
  • Participate in discussions and follow the rules of polite conversation, such as staying on a topic and taking turns.
  • Use language to express and describe their feelings and ideas.

It is important for teachers to:

  • Ask open-ended questions that invite children to expand upon their answers.
  • Present new words to children to expand their vocabularies.
  • Respond to questions and let children take the conversational lead.
  • Respond to children's questions and let them build their language skills.

Here are some things that you can do to help develop and expand your children's listening and speaking skills:

  • Engage children in conversation throughout the day.

Teacher Talk

  • Why did you color the house orange, Rana?
  • Look at all the birds at our birdfeeder this morning. What different ones do you see?
  • When reading aloud to the children, encourage them to predict what will happen in the story, to comment on the story, and to make connections between the story and their personal experiences.

Teacher Talk

  • What do you think will happen when Boomer gets on the school bus?
  • What did you like best about Boomer's day in school?
  • What's the funniest thing your pet does?
  • Play games that will focus children's attention on the importance of listening carefully.

Teacher Talk

  • Put your heads down and close your eyes. Listen very carefully. Can you hear the lawn mower outside? Can you hear water dripping in the sink? What else do you hear?
  • Gently reinforce the rules of good listening and speaking throughout the day.

Teacher Talk

  • Connor, please don't talk while Yi is asking a question. You'll get your turn.
  • Tyler, thank Joann for helping you with your drawing.
  • Ask before you take a book. Someone else may be using it.
  • Only ask questions about the book right now. We'll talk about other things later.
  • Capitalize on routine opportunities to have the children follow or give directions.

Teacher Talk

  • It's time for snack. I want the boys to come to the round table and the girls to come to the square table.
  • Kaylee, please go to the bookrack and bring me the book with the red flower on its cover.
  • Mitch, go to the block box. Get two green blocks. Okay, please take them to Julio.
  • Tanya, will you tell Howie how to put this puzzle together?

 



"Developing Listening and Speaking Skills." Teaching our Youngest. Early Childhood-Head Start Task Force. ED/HHS. 2002. English.


Last Reviewed: September 2009

Last Updated: April 26, 2012