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Head Start Program Facts: Fiscal Year 2004

 

FY 2003 Actual

FY 2004 Appropriation

Local Head Start Projects    
Projects in States and Territories

$6,007,430,821

$6,104,657,000

American Indian and Migrant Programs

$443,613,179

$451,019,000

Subtotal

$6,451,044,000

$6,555,676,000

Support Activities    
Training and Technical Assistance

$169,688,000

$172,371,000

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation

$20,000,000

$20,000,000

Monitoring/Program Review

$26,051,000

$26,801,000

Subtotal

$215,739,000

$219,172,000

TOTAL

$6,666,783,000

$6,774,848,000

ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES
Head Start Bureau
330 C Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20447

Logo - Head Start blocks

March, 2004
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Head Start Bureau, the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau's American Indian and Migrant Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY 2003 Program Statistics

Enrollment

909,608

Ages:  
Number of 5 year olds and older

5%

Number of 4 year olds

53%

Number of 3 year olds

34%

Number under 3 years of age

8%

Racial Composition  
American Indian/Alaska Native

3.2%

Black/African American

31.5%

White

27.6%

Asian

1.8%

Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

1.1%

Multi-Racial/Other

4.2%

Ethnic Composition

 

Hispanic/Latino

30.6%

NUMBER OF GRANTEES

1,670

Number of Classrooms

47,000

Number of Centers

19,200

AVERAGE COST PER CHILD

$7,092

PAID STAFF

206,000

VOLUNTEERS

1,372,000

* Each enrollee is reported in both an ethnicity and a race category, which correlates to what the U.S. Census Bureau measures. For example, a family that identifies their child as Black and Cuban will be counted in the "Hispanic or Latino" ethnicity category and also counted in the "Black or African American" race category.

During the 2002-2003 Head Start Program Year:

  • 12.5 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • More than 47,000 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 28 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Over 880,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 89 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 83 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established a new Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2003, nearly $667 million was used to support more than 650 programs to provide Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 133,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
  • 115 Head Start and Early Head Start Programs were sponsored by faith-based organizations.

FY 2003 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE

2003 Funding

Enrollment

ALABAMA

$103,588,331

16,509

ALASKA

$12,126,424

1,817

ARIZONA

$100,173,750

13,215

ARKANSAS

$62,645,003

10,915

CALIFORNIA

$811,486,631

98,767

COLORADO

$66,427,807

9,843

CONNECTICUT

$50,604,341

7,129

DELAWARE

$12,536,909

2,214

District of Columbia

$24,407,526

3,403

FLORIDA

$255,501,245

35,350

GEORGIA

$163,757,113

23,400

HAWAII

$22,248,160

3,063

IDAHO

$21,819,720

2,939

ILLINOIS

$263,047,115

39,640

INDIANA

$93,523,057

14,148

IOWA

$50,108,568

7,717

KANSAS

$49,503,208

7,924

KENTUCKY

$104,828,778

16,091

LOUISIANA

$141,891,707

22,108

MAINE

$26,990,760

3,970

MARYLAND

$75,851,238

10,235

MASSACHUSETTS

$105,475,665

12,981

MICHIGAN

$228,044,810

35,099

MINNESOTA

$70,369,154

10,332

MISSISSIPPI

$157,164,747

26,762

MISSOURI

$115,662,551

17,573

MONTANA

$20,365,406

2,952

NEBRASKA

$35,008,457

5,203

NEVADA

$23,315,025

2,754

NEW HAMPSHIRE

$13,018,299

1,632

NEW JERSEY

$126,711,091

15,099

NEW MEXICO

$50,852,224

7,651

NEW YORK

$422,349,645

49,473

NORTH CAROLINA

$137,403,001

19,125

NORTH DAKOTA

$16,696,830

2,357

OHIO

$239,770,120

38,017

OKLAHOMA

$78,783,942

13,474

OREGON

$57,703,995

9,052

PENNSYLVANIA

$222,603,242

30,908

RHODE ISLAND

$21,445,541

3,150

SOUTH CAROLINA

$80,222,592

12,248

SOUTH DAKOTA

$18,301,095

2,827

TENNESSEE

$116,071,781

16,473

TEXAS

$465,421,856

67,764

UTAH

$36,709,468

5,527

VERMONT

$13,182,631

1,573

VIRGINIA

$96,213,748

13,768

WASHINGTON

$98,022,295

11,001

WEST VIRGINIA

$49,227,458

7,650

WISCONSIN

$88,082,140

13,515

WYOMING

$12,027,897

1,803

AMERICAN INDIAN

$183,412,092

23,802

MIGRANT PROGRAMS

$260,201,087

33,609

OUTER PACIFIC

$15,128,452

6,209

PUERTO RICO

$243,016,007

36,687

VIRGIN ISLANDS

$9,992,265

1,161

HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR

ENROLLMENT

APPROPRIATION

1965 (Summer only)

561,000

$96,400,000

1966

733,000

198,900,000

1967

681,400

349,200,000

1968

693,900

316,200,000

1969

663,600

333,900,000

1970

477,400

325,700,000

1971

397,500

360,000,000

1972

379,000

376,300,000

1973

379,000

400,700,000

1974

352,800

403,900,000

1975

349,000

403,900,000

1976

349,000

441,000,000

1977

333,000

475,000,000

1978

391,400

625,000,000

1979

387,500

680,000,000

1980

376,300

735,000,000

1981

387,300

818,700,000

1982

395,800

911,700,000

1983

414,950

912,000,000

1984

442,140

995,750,000

1985

452,080

1,075,059,000

1986

451,732

1,040,315,000

1987

446,523

1,130,542,000

1988

448,464

1,206,324,000

1989

450,970

1,235,000,000

1990

540,930

1,552,000,000

1991

583,471

1,951,800,000

1992

621,078

2,201,800,000

1993

713,903

2,776,286,000

1994

740,493

3,325,728,000

1995

750,696

3,534,128,000

1996

752,077

3,569,329,000

1997

793,809

3,980,546,000

1998

822,316

4,347,433,000

1999

826,016

4,658,151,448

2000

857,664

5,267,000,000

2001

905,235

6,200,000,000

2002

912,345

6,536,570,000

2003

909,608

6,667,533,000

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Last Updated: October 31, 2017