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Head Start Program Facts: Fiscal Year 2005

 

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Appropriation

Local Head Start Projects    
Projects in States and Territories

$6,090,967,000

$6,153,287,000

American Indian and Migrant Programs

$451,325,000

$456,003,000

Subtotal

$6,542,292,000

$6,609,290,000

Support Activities    
Training and Technical Assistance

$172,371,000

$174,078,000

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation

$20,000,000

$20,000,000

Monitoring/Program Review

$39,246,000

$39,746,000

Subtotal

$231,617,000

$233,824,000

TOTAL

$6,773,909,000

$6,843,114,000

ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES
Head Start Bureau
330 C Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20447

Logo - Head Start blocks

March, 2005
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Head Start Bureau, the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau's American Indian and Migrant Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY-2004 Program Statistics

ENROLLMENT

905,851

Ages:  
Number of 5 year olds and older

5%

Number of 4 year olds

52%

Number of 3 year olds

34%

Number under 3 years of age

9%

Racial/Ethnic Composition  
American Indian and Alaska Native

3.1%

Hispanic/Latino

31.2%

Black/African American

31.1%

White

26.9%

Asian

1.8%

Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

0.9%

Multi-Racial/Other

5.0%

NUMBER OF GRANTEES

1,604

Number of Classrooms

48,260

Number of Centers

20,050

AVERAGE COST PER CHILD

$7,222

PAID STAFF

211,950

VOLUNTEERS

1,353,000

During the 2003-2004 Head Start Program Year:

  • 12.7 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • More than 50,000 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 27 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Over 880,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 91 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 83 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established a new Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2004, nearly $677 million was used to support more than 650 programs to provide Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 179,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
  • 115 Head Start and Early Head Start Programs were sponsored by faith-based organizations.

FY 2005 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE

2004 Funding

Enrollment

ALABAMA

$105,500,307

16,374

ALASKA

$12,352,697

1,634

ARIZONA

$102,022,603

13,215

ARKANSAS

$63,808,419

10,879

CALIFORNIA

$823,694,368

98,933

COLORADO

$67,676,158

9,820

CONNECTICUT

$51,400,659

7,148

DELAWARE

$12,770,909

2,197

District of Columbia

$24,864,991

3,403

FLORIDA

$260,307,421

35,574

GEORGIA

$166,837,016

23,450

HAWAII

$22,664,976

3,063

IDAHO

$22,410,937

2,957

ILLINOIS

$267,111,453

39,672

INDIANA

$95,093,413

14,234

IOWA

$51,049,850

7,775

KANSAS

$50,433,097

7,949

KENTUCKY

$106,799,358

16,071

LOUISIANA

$144,497,478

21,982

MAINE

$27,343,732

3,979

MARYLAND

$77,277,126

10,344

MASSACHUSETTS

$107,298,837

13,011

MICHIGAN

$232,214,668

35,124

MINNESOTA

$71,119,492

10,339

MISSISSIPPI

$160,120,548

26,754

MISSOURI

$117,837,078

17,473

MONTANA

$20,746,775

2,945

NEBRASKA

$35,709,352

5,080

NEVADA

$23,698,194

2,754

NEW HAMPSHIRE

$13,257,126

1,632

NEW JERSEY

$127,761,210

15,130

NEW MEXICO

$51,789,732

7,451

NEW YORK

$430,086,285

49,300

NORTH CAROLINA

$139,359,686

19,098

NORTH DAKOTA

$17,009,140

2,353

OHIO

$244,101,839

38,029

OKLAHOMA

$80,249,056

13,474

OREGON

$58,892,507

8,716

PENNSYLVANIA

$226,002,253

30,868

RHODE ISLAND

$21,802,422

3,150

SOUTH CAROLINA

$81,718,067

12,248

SOUTH DAKOTA

$18,643,605

2,827

TENNESSEE

$118,216,822

16,437

TEXAS

$474,091,773

67,785

UTAH

$37,398,515

5,518

VERMONT

$13,428,786

1,569

VIRGINIA

$98,142,388

13,768

WASHINGTON

$100,192,902

11,118

WEST VIRGINIA

$50,152,151

7,650

WISCONSIN

$89,783,879

13,532

WYOMING

$12,252,314

1,793

INDIAN TRIBES

$186,704,429

23,737

MIGRANT PROGRAMS

$264,620,660

33,154

OUTER PACIFIC

$7,261,843

3,060

PUERTO RICO

$246,791,885

37,498

VIRGIN ISLANDS

$7,919,222

942

HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR

ENROLLMENT

APPROPRIATION

1965 (Summer only)

561,000

$ 96,400,000

1966

733,000

198,900,000

1967

681,400

349,200,000

1968

693,900

316,200,000

1969

663,600

333,900,000

1970

477,400

325,700,000

1971

397,500

360,000,000

1972

379,000

376,300,000

1973

379,000

400,700,000

1974

352,800

403,900,000

1975

349,000

403,900,000

1976

349,000

441,000,000

1977

333,000

475,000,000

1978

391,400

625,000,000

1979

387,500

680,000,000

1980

376,300

735,000,000

1981

387,300

818,700,000

1982

395,800

911,700,000

1983

414,950

912,000,000

1984

442,140

995,750,000

1985

452,080

1,075,059,000

1986

451,732

1,040,315,000

1987

446,523

1,130,542,000

1988

448,464

1,206,324,000

1989

450,970

1,235,000,000

1990

540,930

1,552,000,000

1991

583,471

1,951,800,000

1992

621,078

2,201,800,000

1993

713,903

2,776,286,000

1994

740,493

3,325,728,000

1995

750,696

3,534,128,000

1996

752,077

3,569,329,000

1997

793,809

3,980,546,000

1998

822,316

4,347,433,000

1999

826,016

4,658,151,448

2000

857,664

5,267,000,000

2001

905,235

6,200,000,000

2002

912,345

6,536,570,000

2003

909,608

6,667,533,000

2004

*905,851

6,774,848,000

*Head Start has discontinued funding to four Outer Pacific grantees which, through the Compact of Free Association, have became independent nations and are no longer funded by the Administration for Children and Families. These four programs served approximately 3,200 children.

The Head Start program has enrolled more than 22 million children since it began in 1965.

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Last Updated: October 31, 2017