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Head Start Program Facts: Fiscal Year 2006

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Appropriation

Local Head Start Projects    
Projects in States and Territories

$6,136,624,000

$6,085,972,000

American Indian and Migrant Programs

$472,666,000

$468,765,000

Subtotal

$6,609,290,000

$6,554,737,000

Support Activities    
Training and Technical Assistance

$174,078,000

$172,644,000

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation

$20,000,000

$19,800,000

Monitoring/Program Review

$38,980,000

$38,590,000

Subtotal

$233,058,000

$231,034,000

TOTAL

$6,842,348,000

$6,785,771,000

ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES
Head Start Bureau
1250 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20024

Logo - Head Start blocks

March, 2006
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Head Start Bureau, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau's American Indian and Migrant Programs directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY-2005 Program Statistics

ENROLLMENT

906,993

Ages:  
Number of 5 year olds and older

4%

Number of 4 year olds

52%

Number of 3 year olds

34%

Number under 3 years of age

10%

Racial Composition  
American Indian/Alaska Native

5.2%

Black/African American

31.1%

White

35.0%

Asian

1.9%

Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

.8%

Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial

7.4%

Unspecified/Other

18.6%

Ethnic Composition

 

Hispanic/Latino

32.9%

NUMBER OF GRANTEES

1,604

Number of Classrooms

49,235

Number of Centers

19,800

AVERAGE COST PER CHILD

$7,287

PAID STAFF

213,000

VOLUNTEERS

1,360,000

* Each enrollee is reported in both an ethnicity and a race category, which correlates to what the U.S. Census Bureau measures. For example, a family that identifies their child as Black and Cuban will be counted in the "Hispanic or Latino" ethnicity category and also counted in the "Black or African American" race category.

During the 2004-2005 Head Start Program Year:

  • 12.5 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • Nearly 49,000 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 69 percent of Head Start teachers have at least an AA degree in Early Childhood Education.
  • 27 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Over 890,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 91 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 84 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established the Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2005, $684 million was used to support more than 650 programs which provided Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 207,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
  • 100 Head Start and Early Head Start Programs were sponsored by faith-based organizations.

FY 2005 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE

FUNDING

ENROLLMENT

ALABAMA

106,345,300

16,374

ALASKA

12,439,387

1,725

ARIZONA

103,225,141

13,215

ARKANSAS

64,354,806

10,942

CALIFORNIA

829,439,955

98,432

COLORADO

68,156,887

9,820

CONNECTICUT

51,760,059

7,126

DELAWARE

13,200,569

2,197

District of Columbia

25,040,757

3,403

FLORIDA

262,433,345

35,530

GEORGIA

168,058,734

23,508

HAWAII

22,825,080

3,049

IDAHO

22,753,002

2,640

ILLINOIS

270,041,013

39,640

INDIANA

95,943,402

14,231

IOWA

51,412,029

7,735

KANSAS

50,790,886

7,931

KENTUCKY

107,557,925

16,071

LOUISIANA

145,513,021

21,982

MAINE

27,537,146

3,955

MARYLAND

77,826,021

10,347

MASSACHUSETTS

108,060,960

12,846

MICHIGAN

233,924,073

35,069

MINNESOTA

71,811,284

10,332

MISSISSIPPI

161,258,325

26,657

MISSOURI

118,674,224

17,451

MONTANA

20,893,223

2,939

NEBRASKA

35,962,321

5,080

NEVADA

24,215,081

2,754

NEW HAMPSHIRE

13,350,255

1,632

NEW JERSEY

128,669,007

14,717

NEW MEXICO

52,160,073

7,451

NEW YORK

432,036,314

49,127

NORTH CAROLINA

140,897,879

19,003

NORTH DAKOTA

17,128,979

2,353

OHIO

246,237,400

38,021

OKLAHOMA

80,833,384

13,915

OREGON

59,310,519

8,792

PENNSYLVANIA

227,563,294

32,282

RHODE ISLAND

21,956,386

3,150

SOUTH CAROLINA

82,281,921

12,248

SOUTH DAKOTA

18,775,080

2,827

TENNESSEE

119,021,587

16,445

TEXAS

477,432,841

67,327

UTAH

37,663,509

5,518

VERMONT

13,523,137

1,569

VIRGINIA

98,833,397

13,696

WASHINGTON

100,094,355

11,102

WEST VIRGINIA

50,507,940

7,610

WISCONSIN

90,635,323

13,538

WYOMING

12,338,291

1,792

AMERICAN INDIAN PROGRAMS

186,936,785

23,592

MIGRANT PROGRAMS

285,729,116

35,461

AMERICAN SAMOA

2,144,436

1,532

GUAM

2,157,838

440

NO. MARIANAS

1,659,790

579

PALAU

1,329,899

509

PUERTO RICO

248,651,708

36,842

VIRGIN ISLANDS

7,975,600

942

HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR

ENROLLMENT

APPROPRIATION

1965 (summer only)

561,000

$ 96,400,000

1966

733,000

198,900,000

1967

681,400

349,200,000

1968

693,900

316,200,000

1969

663,600

333,900,000

1970

477,400

325,700,000

1971

397,500

360,000,000

1972

379,000

376,300,000

1973

379,000

400,700,000

1974

352,800

403,900,000

1975

349,000

403,900,000

1976

349,000

441,000,000

1977

333,000

475,000,000

1978

391,400

625,000,000

1979

387,500

680,000,000

1980

376,300

735,000,000

1981

387,300

818,700,000

1982

395,800

911,700,000

1983

414,950

912,000,000

1984

442,140

995,750,000

1985

452,080

1,075,059,000

1986

451,732

1,040,315,000

1987

446,523

1,130,542,000

1988

448,464

1,206,324,000

1989

450,970

1,235,000,000

1990

540,930

1,552,000,000

1991

583,471

1,951,800,000

1992

621,078

2,201,800,000

1993

713,903

2,776,286,000

1994

740,493

3,325,728,000

1995

750,696

3,534,128,000

1996

752,077

3,569,329,000

1997

793,809

3,980,546,000

1998

822,316

4,347,433,000

1999

826,016

4,658,151,448

2000

857,664

5,267,000,000

2001

905,235

6,200,000,000

2002

912,345

6,536,570,000

2003

909,608

6,667,533,000

2004

905,851

6,774,848,000

2005

906,993

6,843,114,000

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Resource Type: Article

Last Updated: October 31, 2017