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Head Start Program Facts: Fiscal Year 2007

 

FY 2006 Actual

FY 2007 Appropriation

Local Head Start Projects    
Projects in States and Territories

$6,085,972,000

$6,178,848,000

American Indian and Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Programs

$468,765,000

$475,919,000

Subtotal

$6,554,737,000

$6,654,767,000

Support Activities    
Training and Technical Assistance

$164,057,000

$175,214,000

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation

$19,788,000

$20,000,000

Monitoring/Program Review

$38,202,000

$38,590,000

Subtotal

$222,047,000

$233,804,000

TOTAL

$6,776,784,000

$6,888,571,000

ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES
Office of Head Start
1250 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20024

Logo - Head Start blocks

February 2007
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Office of Head Start (OHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Office of Head Start's American Indian and Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY-2006 Program Statistics

ENROLLMENT

909,201

Ages:  
Number of 5 year olds and older

4%

Number of 4 year olds

51%

Number of 3 year olds

35%

Number under 3 years of age

10%

Racial/Ethnic Composition  
American Indian and Alaska Native

4.2%

Black/African American

30.7%

White

39.8%

Asian

1.8%

Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

.9%

Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial

6.4%

Unspecified/Other

16.2%

Hispanic/Latino

34%

NUMBER OF GRANTEES

1,604

Number of Classrooms

50,030

Number of Centers

18,875

AVERAGE COST PER CHILD

$7,209

PAID STAFF

218,000

VOLUNTEERS

1,365,000

During the 2005-2006 Head Start Program Year:

  • 12.1 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities). 
     
  • Nearly 48,000 children participated in home-based Head Start program services. 
     
  • 72 percent of Head Start teachers have at least an AA degree in Early Childhood Education. 
     
  • 27 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Nearly 925,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program. 
     
  • 91 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 87 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program. 
     
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established the Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2006, $679 million was used to support more than 650 programs which provided Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three. 
     
  • More than 211,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs. 
     
  • 95 Head Start and Early Head Start Programs were sponsored by faith-based organizations.

FY 2006 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE

FUNDING

ENROLLMENT

ALABAMA

105,467,527

16,374

ALASKA

12,336,713

1,580

ARIZONA

102,373,122

13,175

ARKANSAS

63,823,662

10,778

CALIFORNIA

822,593,768

98,395

COLORADO

67,594,321

9,820

CONNECTICUT

51,332,832

7,126

DELAWARE

13,091,612

2,071

District of Columbia

24,834,071

3,403

FLORIDA

260,267,233

35,514

GEORGIA

166,671,579

23,508

HAWAII

22,636,682

3,049

IDAHO

22,565,199

2,951

ILLINOIS

267,812,098

39,640

INDIANA

95,151,487

14,231

IOWA

50,987,675

7,710

KANSAS

50,371,658

8,335

KENTUCKY

106,670,143

16,071

LOUISIANA

144,311,959

21,910

MAINE

27,309,854

3,913

MARYLAND

77,183,646

10,347

MASSACHUSETTS

107,169,026

12,819

MICHIGAN

231,993,266

35,069

MINNESOTA

71,218,555

10,332

MISSISSIPPI

159,927,300

26,657

MISSOURI

117,694,689

17,451

MONTANA

20,720,770

2,929

NEBRASKA

35,665,489

5,080

NEVADA

24,015,210

2,754

NEW HAMPSHIRE

13,240,062

1,632

NEW JERSEY

127,606,975

14,582

NEW MEXICO

51,729,545

7,451

NEW YORK

428,470,291

48,818

NORTH CAROLINA

139,734,909

18,963

NORTH DAKOTA

16,987,597

2,353

OHIO

244,204,960

38,021

OKLAHOMA

80,166,186

13,474

OREGON

58,820,971

8,804

PENNSYLVANIA

225,684,989

35,372

RHODE ISLAND

21,775,158

3,135

SOUTH CAROLINA

81,602,767

12,248

SOUTH DAKOTA

18,620,111

2,827

TENNESSEE

118,039,184

16,397

TEXAS

473,492,116

67,875

UTAH

37,352,635

5,518

VERMONT

13,411,517

1,552

VIRGINIA

98,071,628

13,679

WASHINGTON

99,268,177

11,190

WEST VIRGINIA

50,091,048

7,610

WISCONSIN

89,887,220

13,538

WYOMING

12,236,450

1,792

INDIAN TRIBES

185,393,811

23,073

MIGRANT PROGRAMS

283,370,711

35,461

AMERICAN SAMOA

2,126,736

1,532

GUAM

2,140,027

440

NO. MARIANAS

1,646,090

579

PALAU

1,318,923

509

PUERTO RICO

246,599,340

36,842

VIRGIN ISLANDS

7,909,770

942

HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

 

FISCAL YEAR

ENROLLMENT

APPROPRIATION

1965 (summer only)

561,000

$ 96,400,000

1966

733,000

198,900,000

1967

681,400

349,200,000

1968

693,900

316,200,000

1969

663,600

333,900,000

1970

477,400

325,700,000

1971

397,500

360,000,000

1972

379,000

376,300,000

1973

379,000

400,700,000

1974

352,800

403,900,000

1975

349,000

403,900,000

1976

349,000

441,000,000

1977

333,000

475,000,000

1978

391,400

625,000,000

1979

387,500

680,000,000

1980

376,300

735,000,000

1981

387,300

818,700,000

1982

395,800

911,700,000

1983

414,950

912,000,000

1984

442,140

995,750,000

1985

452,080

1,075,059,000

1986

451,732

1,040,315,000

1987

446,523

1,130,542,000

1988

448,464

1,206,324,000

1989

450,970

1,235,000,000

1990

540,930

1,552,000,000

1991

583,471

1,951,800,000

1992

621,078

2,201,800,000

1993

713,903

2,776,286,000

1994

740,493

3,325,728,000

1995

750,696

3,534,128,000

1996

752,077

3,569,329,000

1997

793,809

3,980,546,000

1998

822,316

4,347,433,000

1999

826,016

4,658,151,448

2000

857,664

5,267,000,000

2001

905,235

6,200,000,000

2002

912,345

6,536,570,000

2003

909,608

6,667,533,000

2004

905,851

6,774,848,000

2005

906,993

6,843,114,000

2006

909,201

6,785,771,000

The Head Start program has enrolled more than 24 million children since it began in 1965.

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Resource Type: Article

Last Updated: December 4, 2018