|FY 2009 Actual||FY 2010 Appropriation|
|Local Head Start Projects|
|Projects in States and Territories||$6,361,913,089||$6,447,162,660|
|American Indian-Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Programs||$510,028,911||$519,268,340|
|Training and Technical Assistance||$176,352,000||$176,352,000|
|Research, Demonstration and Evaluation||$19,989,000||$20,000,000|
|Head Start, Recovery Act1||[$1,000,000,000]|
|Early Head Start, Recovery Act||[$1,100,000,000]|
1The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act appropriated $2.1 billion for the Head Start and Early Head Start programs in FY 2009 to expand enrollment by 64,000 children and families. These funds are available for two years.
Fiscal Year 2010
ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
Office of Head Start
1250 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20024
Head Start Facts
The Head Start program is administered by the Office of Head Start (OHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Office of Head Start's American Indian-Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.
FY 2009 Program Statistics
|Number of 5 year olds and older||3%|
|Number of 4 year olds||51%|
|Number of 3 year olds||36%|
|Number under 3 years of age||10%|
|American Indian/Alaska Native||4.0%|
|NUMBER OF GRANTEES||1,591|
|Number of Classrooms||49,200|
|AVERAGE COST PER CHILD||$7,600|
* Each enrollee is reported in both an ethnicity and a race category, which correlates to what the U.S. Census Bureau measures. For example, a family that identifies their child as Black and Cuban will be counted in the "Hispanic or Latino" ethnicity category and also counted in the "Black or African American" race category.
During the 2008–2009 Head Start Program Year:
- 11.5 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
- 44,109 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
- 77 percent of Head Start teachers have at least an AA degree in Early Childhood Education.
- 26 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. More than 850,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
- 94 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 82 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
- The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established the Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2009, $709 million was used to support more than 650 programs which provided Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served more than 66,000 children under the age of three.
- More than 228,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
FY 2009 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment
|District of Columbia||25,959,996||3,403|
* Some programs in these states meet some or all of the required non-federal share requirement for 20 percent of the total cost of the program to come from non-federal sources through State funds to support children. This does not represent all State funds that may be used for Head Start but those funds used to meet the federally required match.
HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY
|1965 (summer only)||561,000||$ 96,400,000|
Last Updated: October 31, 2017