Infectious Diseases: Prevention and Management

Preventing and managing communicable disease in early childhood programs can reduce the rate of illnesses. Learn strategies for controlling the spread of germs and protecting children and adults from getting sick.

Common Cold

Learn the facts about the common cold, how to prevent it and what to do if someone in your program has it.

Cover Your Cough

Follow these simple steps to prevent the spread of germs that make people sick. Display this as a poster in classrooms and clinics.

Preparing Head Start/Child Care and Communities for Seasonal Influenza

Children in group care settings are at increased risk for infectious diseases such as influenza. Seasonal influenza affects many children each year. Simple prevention and control strategies can help to protect children and their caregivers from complications. This webinar will help Head Start staff and early care and education providers take steps to improve influenza prevention and control.

Ebola

Learn more about this serious transmissible disease that can be fatal. It is caused by an Ebola virus found in several African countries. Outbreaks have been sporadic.

Infectious Disease Outbreak Control

During the course of an identified outbreak of any reportable illness at the program, a child or staff member should be excluded if the local health department official or primary health care provider suspects that the child or staff member is contributing to transmission of the illness, is not adequately immunized when there is an outbreak of a vaccine-preventable disease, or the circulating pathogen poses an increased risk to the individual. The child or staff member should be readmitted when the health department official or primary health care provider who made the initial determination decides that the risk of transmission is no longer present. Parents/guardians should be notified of any determination.

Inclusion/Exclusion/Dismissal of Children

The program should notify parents/guardians when children develop new signs or symptoms of illness. Parent/guardian notification should be immediate for emergency or urgent issues. Staff should notify parents/guardians of children who have symptoms that require exclusion, and parents/guardians should remove children from the early care and education setting as soon as possible. For children whose symptoms do not require exclusion, verbal or written notification to the parent/guardian at the end of the day is acceptable. Most conditions that require exclusion do not require a primary health care provider visit before re-entering care.