Focus on Background Knowledge

Learn ways to build background knowledge in young children—what they know and believe about themselves and the world around them. Explore key research and find out how children ages birth to 5 develop these skills.

Focus on Oral Language and Vocabulary

Learn how to promote the Planned Language Approach for Oral Language and Vocabulary  in your program. Explore the research and the development trajectory for these skills in children ages birth to 5.

Brilliant Bilingual Babies

Explore this brief to learn how home visitors can support children who are learning more than one language. Find out how a solid foundation in a child’s home language is key to later language success.

DEC Position Statement on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness

For young learners of English who are speakers of other languages (ESOL), the challenges of literacy and language development are different if they are learning in an all-English environment where they need the language to function in school, or if they are in an environment where English is taught as a foreign language (EFL) in school. This position paper from the Division of Early Childhood focuses on children who speak a language other than English at home, and who are entering school environments where English is the principal medium of instruction.