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Instruction

three kids and a teacher playing on the playgroundInstructional practices refer to specialized, intentional, and systematic teaching and learning opportunities that support the education and development of young children, especially those at risk for or diagnosed with disabilities. These practices are aligned with the Head Start Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) in the following domains: Approaches to Learning, Social and Emotional Development, and Language and Communication. Learn more about recommended practices related to instruction from the Division for Early Childhood.

The resources below are organized based on their level of impact for learning and are only a sampling of the resources available on these practices.

Knowledge Awareness Level

Resources that fall into this category provide basic information and do not include activities that draw participants in to respond or reflect. They include archived webinars and checklists.

Classroom Visuals and Supports
Find an array of visual supports teachers can to use to increase a child’s understanding and engagement in the classroom. The visuals include daily schedule pictures, problem-solving cues, classroom jobs, behavior expectations, and more. These can be downloaded and printed.

Curriculum Modifications: An Introduction
Watch this brief overview of curriculum modifications. Learn the eight different kinds of modifications staff can make to meet individual needs of the children in the classroom. Explore the supporting materials to use the tips and tools in your daily practices.

Adult Support
This in-service suite presents adult support strategies that can be used to increase the participation of children who need more support or challenge. Links to supporting materials are provided, including tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

Invisible Support
Watch this in-service suite for strategies and examples for using invisible supports to increase the participation of children who need more support or challenge. Links to supporting materials are provided, including tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

Peer Support
Discover strategies for using peer support to increase the participation of children who need more support or challenge. See examples of what the strategies look like in the classroom. Supporting materials include tips for teachers and supervisors, helpful resources, and in-service suite materials for trainers.

Putting It Into Action
Review strategies to create plans for using curriculum modifications to help children participate in the classroom. Links to supporting materials are provided, including an activity matrix for modifications, teacher modification worksheet and evaluation forms, helpful resources, and tools for supervisors.

15-minute Inclusion In-service Overview
Read a brief overview of the 15-minute in-service resources designed to help Head Start programs include children with disabilities in their classroom and other programs.

Head Start Center for Inclusion
Learn more about the Head Start Center for Inclusion, which provides Head Start teaching staff with chances to learn innovative and research-based practices to improve their work with children who have disabilities.

Social Stories
Find out what social stories are and how they can be used to support children who have difficulty with an activity, routine, or specific situation. The 11 one-page social stories can be downloaded, printed out, and customized for teachers and parents to use.

Knowledge Acquisition Level

Resources in this category provide information and include activities that draw participants in to respond or reflect.

Activity Matrix: Organizing Learning Throughout the Day
This in-service suite introduces the Activity Matrix as an effective tool teachers can use to organize learning opportunities for children who need additional support during daily classroom activities and routines. Examples of how the matrix can be used with children’s individual learning goals are shared. Supporting materials for teachers, supervisors, and trainers include tips, tools, and helpful resources.

Break It Down: Turning Goals into Everyday Teaching Opportunities
Watch a short video that shows how to break down children’s learning goals into smaller parts to make teaching and learning easier and more manageable. Links to supporting materials are provided, including tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

The Teaching Loop
This short video introduces the "teaching loop," a strategy for providing individualized instruction to children. It helps to identify a child’s individual learning objective and plan the appropriate level of support so the child will practice that learning objective. The video also includes examples of the teaching loop. Supporting materials include tips and tools for teachers and supervisors, helpful resources, and a link to in-service suite materials for trainers.

Head Start Center for Inclusion: Individualizing
Explore a suite of materials to assist teachers and supervisors with individualizing in the classroom. Teacher resources include practical strategies, planning guides, learning center signs, and helpful resources. A supervisor’s guide offers a model for observations in the classroom. A quality indicator checklist is included to help teachers ensure foundational elements of a quality classroom are in place.

Highly Individualized Teaching and Learning: An Overview
This short video and supporting materials introduce the levels of individualization that may be appropriate for children with diverse strengths and needs. The video briefly describes three ways that teachers can individualize their teaching: making simple modifications, providing many embedded learning opportunities, and using more intensive teaching practices. Supporting materials include tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Intervention for Young Children
This website offers an array of free products, resources, and practical strategies to help caregivers, service providers, and decision-makers apply best practices to improve social and emotional outcomes for children with or at risk for delays or disabilities. Materials include information about the Pyramid Model for Supporting Social Emotional Competence in Infants and Young Children framework of evidence-based practices. Many materials are also available in Spanish.

Mastery Level

Coaches, faculty, and professional development providers can use these resources to teach content to and support others in developing knowledge and skills application related to the content.

Adult Support
This in-service suite presents adult support strategies that can be used to increase the participation of children who need more support or challenge. Links to supporting materials are provided, including tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

Invisible Support
Review strategies and examples for using invisible supports to increase the participation of children who need more support or challenge. Links to supporting materials are provided, including tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

Peer Support
Discover strategies for using peer support to increase the participation of children who need more support or challenge. See examples showing what the strategies look like in the classroom. Supporting materials include tips for teachers and supervisors, helpful resources, and in-service suite materials for trainers.

Putting It Into Action
Review strategies to create plans for using curriculum modifications to help children participate in the classroom. Links to supporting materials are provided, including activity matrix for modifications, teacher modification worksheet and evaluation form, helpful resources and tools for supervisors.

Activity Matrix: Organizing Learning Throughout the Day
This in-service suite introduces the Activity Matrix as an effective tool teachers can use to organize learning opportunities for children who need additional support during daily classroom activities and routines. Examples of how the matrix can be used with children’s individual learning goals are shared. Supporting materials for teachers, supervisors, and trainers include tips, tools, and helpful resources.

Break It Down: Turning Goals into Everyday Teaching Opportunities
Learn how to break down children’s learning goals into smaller parts to make teaching and learning easier and more manageable. Links to supporting materials are provided, including tips, tools, and resources for teachers, supervisors, and trainers.

The Teaching Loop
This short video introduces the "teaching loop," a strategy for providing individualized instruction to children by identifying a child’s individual learning objective and planning the appropriate level of support so the child will practice that learning objective. The video also includes examples of the teaching loop. Supporting materials include tips and tools for teachers and supervisors, helpful resources, and a link to in-service suite materials for trainers.

Head Start Center for Inclusion: Individualizing
Explore a suite of materials to assist teachers and supervisors with individualizing in the classroom. Teacher resources include practical strategies, planning guides, learning center signs, and helpful resources. A supervisor’s guide offers a model for observations in the classroom. A quality indicator checklist is included to help teachers ensure foundational elements of a quality classroom are in place.

« Back to Resources Supporting Individualization

Topic:Children with Disabilities

Keywords:Teaching practices

Resource Type: Article

Last Updated: October 31, 2017