For more detailed information, review these materials from the Head Start Center for Inclusion:
Types of Curriculum Modifications
- Environmental Support
- Alter the physical, social, and temporal environment so the child can participate, engage, and learn.
- Adaptation of Materials
- Modify materials so the child can participate as independently as possible.
- Simplify the Activity
- Simplify a complicated task by breaking it into smaller parts or by reducing the number of steps.
- Child Preferences
- If the child is not taking advantage of the available opportunities, identify and integrate the child's preferences.
- Special Equipment
- Use special or adaptive devices that allow the child to participate or increase the child's level of participation, including homemade equipment or devices, as well as commercially available therapeutic equipment.
- Consider assistive technology and other accommodations.
- Adult Support
- Have an adult intervene in an activity or routine to support the child's participation and learning. This is often referred to as scaffolding.
- Peer Support
- Use peers to help the child make progress toward the learning goals.
- Invisible Support
- Purposely arrange naturally occurring events within one activity.
Embedded Learning Opportunities
- Intentional and Systematic Learning Opportunities
- Plan meaningful, developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate opportunities that align with the Head Start Early Learning Outcomes Framework.
- Priority Skills
- Focus on behaviors to create, change, or enhance.
- Everyday Learning Opportunities
- Intentionally set up learning experiences and interactions in typically occurring activities, routines, and transitions.
- Activity Matrix
- Ensure authentic activities and materials support learning and specific skill development.
- Ongoing, Authentic Assessment
- Use ongoing assessment to identify children's strengths and areas where they need improvement.
- Share strategies back and forth with families so they can support their child's development at home.
- Consider culturally and linguistically responsive strategies.
Resource Type: Article
National Centers: Early Childhood Development, Teaching and Learning
Last Updated: July 1, 2020