Refer to Head Start Program Performance Standard Terms, 45 CFR §1305.2
Act – The Head Start Act, Sec. 635 et seq., Pub. L. 97-35, 95 Stat. 499-511 (codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. Section 9801, et seq.)
Dual language learner (DLL) – A child who is acquiring two or more languages at the same time, or a child who is learning a second language while continuing to develop their first language. The term "dual language learner" may encompass or overlap substantially with other terms frequently used, such as bilingual, English language learner (ELL), limited English proficient (LEP), English learner, and children who speak a language other than English (LOTE).
Parent – A Head Start child's mother or father, other family member who is a primary caregiver, foster parent or authorized caregiver, guardian or the person with whom the child has been placed for purposes of adoption pending a final adoption decree.
Research-based curriculum – A curriculum consistent with research about child development and learning; promotes teaching and learning activities that have been shown to have positive effects on children's progress and outcomes; and has descriptive research evaluation reflecting child progress but lacks evidence for a randomized control study.
Responsible HHS official – The official of the Department of Health and Human Services who has authority to make grants under the Act.
For additional terms, refer to the DEC Recommended Practices Glossary.
ACF – Administration for Children and Families
ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act
DEC – Division of Early Childhood for the Council of Exceptional Children
ECE – Early childhood education
ECTA – Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center
EHS – Early Head Start
ERSEA – Eligibility, Recruitment, Selection, Enrollment, and Attendance
ESEA – Elementary and Secondary Education Act
ESSA – Every Child Succeeds Act
FAPE – Free and public education
FERPA – The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974
HHS – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HIPAA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
HSAC – Health Services Advisory Committee
HSPPS – Head Start Program Performance Standards
IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP – Individualized Education Program
IFSP – Individualized Family Service Plan
LEA – Local education agency
LRE – Least restrictive environment
MOU – Memorandum of understanding
MSHS – Migrant and Seasonal Head Start
NCECDTL – National Center on Early Childhood Development, Teaching, and Learning
NHSA – National Head Start Association
OHS – Office of Head Start
PBC – Practice-Based Coaching
SEA – State educational agency
T/TA – Training and technical assistance
Resource Type: Article
National Centers: Early Childhood Development, Teaching and Learning
Last Updated: July 1, 2020