Currículo

The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años, 3.ª edición

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Resumen

The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años, 3.ª edición, proporciona un conjunto de recursos para ayudar a los maestros a planificar e implementar rutinas y experiencias de aprendizaje para los niños pequeños. Incluye tres volúmenes que describen el fundamento curricular, las rutinas y las experiencias, y los objetivos para el desarrollo y el aprendizaje. Este currículo también ofrece recursos adicionales, como tarjetas de actividades, canciones y rimas, y libros.

Resumen de la evaluación del currículo

  • Promueve interacciones, rutinas y experiencias de aprendizaje para apoyar el desarrollo y aprendizaje de los bebés y niños pequeños en todos los dominios del Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF, sigla en inglés).
  • Proporciona estrategias de andamiaje educativo dentro de las actividades para apoyar a los niños a medida que pasan por las progresiones del desarrollo.
  • Especifica las metas de aprendizaje que son adecuadas para el desarrollo y orientación sobre cómo usarlas para la individualización de experiencias de aprendizaje basadas en las fortalezas y necesidades de los niños.
  • Describe un proceso claro para la evaluación continua de los niños.
  • Proporciona una serie de estrategias y recursos para fomentar la participación de la familia.
  • Ofrece capacitación estandarizada integral y materiales para apoyar la implementación.
  • Fomenta una amplia oportunidad para que los bebés y niños pequeños participen en el movimiento, el juego y la exploración activa.
  • Incluye una amplia orientación sobre cómo diseñar entornos interiores y exteriores bien organizados y atrayentes.
  • Brinda orientación y recursos integrales para ayudar a los maestros a establecer horarios diarios apropiados para el desarrollo centrados en las rutinas del cuidado infantil.
  • Incluye orientación específica sobre cómo apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de bebés y niños pequeños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés).
  • Ofrece adaptaciones específicas para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retraso u otras necesidades especiales.
  • Carece de orientación sobre cómo proporcionar experiencias de aprendizaje que se basan en las experiencias culturales de los niños en sus hogares.

 

Website: https://teachingstrategies.com/solutions/teach/creative-curriculum-infants-todd…

Detalles

Cost of Curriculum

The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años, 3.ª edición, con Recursos diarios (inglés): $1,149

 

Coaching para la fidelidad, edición para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años: $199.95

Cost of Professional Development

Curso presencial de 2 días: $5,000 por sitio

Curso de desarrollo profesional en línea de 10 horas: $150 por maestro

Comuníquese con el editor para obtener la información más actualizada sobre los costos del currículo y las ofertas actuales de desarrollo profesional.

Availability in Other Languages

The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años, 3.ª edición, con Recursos diarios (español): $1,149

 

The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años, 3.ª edición, con Recursos diarios (bilingüe): $1,795

Target Age

Programas para bebés y niños de 0 a 36 meses basados en el centro

Curriculum Materials Reviewed by Raters

Todos los materiales de The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años, 3.ª edición , con Recursos diarios se compraron y revisaron en 2018. Entre estos materiales se encontraban:

  • guía para The Creative Curriculum® para bebés, niños pequeños y de dos años,
  • Los fundamentos, volúmenes del 1 al 3
  • Tarjetas de enseñanza intencional,
  • Mighty Minutes,
  • Highlights Hello,
  • Book Conversation Cards,
  • el portal en línea de recursos para el aula y para la familia.

Evaluación y valoraciones

¿Qué significan las valoraciones?

  • Four star rating graphic Evidencia completa
  • Three star rating graphic Evidencia moderada
  • Two star rating graphic Evidencia mínima
  • One star rating graphic Sin evidencia

Criterio 1

Base empírica para los resultados del niño

La evidencia empírica de la investigación demuestra que el currículo se ha asociado con los resultados positivos del aprendizaje de los niños. El currículo ha sido implementado y estudiado directamente en programas de la primera infancia, y la investigación ha demostrado efectos positivos y significativos en los resultados del desarrollo de los niños. Se han obtenido pruebas de eficacia en estudios de investigación rigurosos, como ensayos controlados aleatorizados o diseños de regresión discontinua. Los estudios de investigación sobre el currículo han incluido de manera óptima varios grupos diversos de niños y maestros.

One star rating graphicSin evidencia

At the time of this review, there are no available published research studies on The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos, 3rd Edition (The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos). The publisher conducted a study that suggests implementing The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos for two years, along with ongoing training and coaching, is associated with growth in children's social and emotional, physical, language, and cognitive development compared to developmental norms. More rigorous research published in peer-reviewed journals is needed in order to establish evidence for positive effects of The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos on children's learning outcomes.

Criterio 2

Currículo basado en la investigación

El currículo proporciona interacciones basadas en la investigación y prácticas de enseñanza para apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños. Un currículo basado en la investigación es consistente con la investigación acerca de cómo se desarrollan y aprenden los niños. Específicamente, promueve interacciones, prácticas de enseñanza y experiencias de aprendizaje que la investigación ha demostrado que son eficaces para apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños.

Four star rating graphicEvidencia completa

Responsive Relationships and Interactions: The curriculum consistently promotes responsive relationships and interactions with infants and toddlers, which research shows are foundational to children's development in all domains. Volume 1: The Foundation (Volume 1) and Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning (Volume 3) provide strategies to build secure, trusting relationships with children (e.g., smile at children, show affection, talk with children, spend time playing with children). Volume 2: Routines & Experiences (Volume 2) offers guidance on how to engage in sensitive, responsive caregiving during daily routines (e.g., hellos and goodbyes, diapering and toileting). For each routine, the curriculum includes "Responding to What Children Need" with a brief scenario, teacher's thoughts and responses, and what the child might be learning. Throughout Volumes 13, the Intentional Teaching Cards, and the Book Conversation Cards, the curriculum offers several prompts and examples of how to engage children in joint attention as well as how to respond to children's language and communication.

Daily Routines as Opportunities for Learning: The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos provides comprehensive guidance on how to use daily routines to support infants' and toddlers' development and learning in all domains. Volume 1: The Foundation includes guidance on how to create predictable and flexible schedules centered around infants' and toddlers' routines (e.g., diapering and toileting, eating and mealtimes) and experiences (e.g., playing with toys, imitating and pretending, enjoying stories and books). It also includes specific tools to support teachers in the process. For example, the "Individual Care Plan" is developed with each family to help create individualized schedules for infants. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences gives further guidance on how to create an environment to support caregiving routines, how to create caring and teaching strategies during routines, and how to partner with families.

Play and Exploration: The curriculum promotes infants' and toddlers' play and active exploration, which research suggests provide a rich context for learning in all domains. Volume 1: The Foundation describes how children learn through play. It also guides teachers to provide sufficient time in the daily schedule for play and exploration. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences offers several examples of equipment for active physical play (e.g., riding toys, climbers, slides, push-and-pull toys) and open-ended materials (e.g., grasping and mouthing toys, blocks, balls, dough, painting materials) that would foster children's curiosity, exploration, and creativity. Several Intentional Teaching Cards reinforce these principles by inviting children to explore and use objects in multiple ways (e.g., cups, whisks, rocks, nesting toys, foam blocks, cardboard boxes).

Language-Rich Environment and Interactions: The curriculum offers research-based teaching practices to promote language-rich environments and interactions. Volume 1: The Foundation provides guidance on how to engage in varied types of talk with infants and toddlers throughout the day. It suggests using high-pitched and sing-song voice with infants, imitating infants babbling, asking toddlers open-ended questions, and describing what children see, hear, taste, and smell. Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning offers strategies to build infants' and toddlers' vocabulary (e.g., use gestures and concrete objects to clarify words; introduce children to new words through books, songs, conversations, and pretend play). The Intentional Teaching Cards include guidance on how to engage in back-and-forth exchanges with children, as well as descriptions of several opportunities to support children's emergent literacy skills. Finally, the Book Conversation Cards give developmentally appropriate prompts and strategies to read the curriculum's Highlights Hello books with infants and toddlers.

Promoting Emotional, Behavioral, and Cognitive Self-Regulation: The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos promotes research-based teaching practices to support children's emotional, behavioral, and cognitive self-regulation. Volume 1: The Foundation offers general strategies to help infants and toddlers begin to regulate their behaviors (e.g., establish and follow rituals, redirect children's behaviors as needed, offer choices). Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning gives strategies for creating an emotionally supportive environment (e.g., label and talk about emotions and their causes, help children detect and interpret cues about how someone else feels) and for facilitating cognitive self-regulation (e.g., model self-talk to help children stay engaged and persist; provide specific, positive verbal feedback or physical support during challenging tasks). The Intentional Teaching Cards reinforce these strategies with learning experiences to support children's emotional, behavioral, and cognitive self-regulation. For example, "Let's Try This Instead" invites teachers to use a positive approach to redirecting children's inappropriate behavior during routines and experiences.

Facilitating Cognitive Development: The curriculum promotes research-based teaching practices that facilitate infants' and toddlers' cognitive development. The Intentional Teaching Cards provide specific prompts for teachers to support cognitive development (e.g., describe objects, comment about cause and effect of actions, encourage child to make comparisons). Volume 1: The Foundation highlights strategies to embed math language and concepts throughout everyday routines and activities (e.g., count with children, use comparison words, talk about shapes). The Intentional Teaching Cards provide multiple, related opportunities for children to explore math concepts (e.g., matching shapes, doing puzzles, reading counting books). Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning offers suggestions to teachers on how to scaffold children's problem-solving skills (e.g., provide opportunities to explore objects in new and creative ways, describe children's problem-solving strategies).

Supporting Physical Development: The curriculum consistently recommends research-based teaching practices to support infants' and toddlers' perceptual, motor, and physical development. The Intentional Teaching Cards include many, varied opportunities for infants and toddlers to practice fine, gross, and perceptual motor skills. For example, the curriculum features several learning experiences for children to practice the fine motor skill of squeezing (e.g., manipulating playdough, squeezing sponges, wringing out wet clothes). Throughout the learning experiences to support physical development, the curriculum prompts teachers to choose appropriately challenging physical tasks for each child, explain how to perform physical tasks, model actions, describe children's movements, praise children's efforts, and encourage children to keep practicing.

Criterio 3

Alcance y secuencia

El currículo incluye un alcance y una secuencia organizados del desarrollo para apoyar el aprendizaje de los niños. El alcance y la secuencia describen en qué se enfoca el currículo y de qué manera los planes y los materiales apoyan a los niños en los diferentes niveles del desarrollo. El alcance se refiere a las áreas de desarrollo abordadas en el currículo; la secuencia incluye planes y materiales para experiencias de aprendizaje que van progresivamente de menor a mayor complejidad, con la meta de apoyar a los niños mientras avanzan a través de las progresiones del desarrollo. Un currículo rico en contenido garantiza que las secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje incluyan múltiples oportunidades relacionadas para que los niños exploren un concepto o una habilidad con una profundidad cada vez mayor. Las secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje deben ser flexibles para responder a los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades individuales de los niños.

Four star rating graphicEvidencia completa

Scope: The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos clearly identifies nine areas of development and learning: Social-Emotional, Physical, Language, Cognitive, Literacy, Mathematics, Science and Technology, Social Studies, and the Arts. Cognitive development encompasses the Approaches to Learning ELOF domain. Volumes 1–3 provide an overview of young children's development as well as specific teaching practices to support children's development and learning in each of these areas.

Sequence: The curriculum provides guidance within activities on how to support children as they move through the developmental progressions. The Intentional Teaching Cards describe activities in the domains of Language and Literacy, Mathematics, Social-Emotional, and Physical Development. These activities provide evidence of sequence in all five ELOF domains. Each activity includes a "Teaching Sequence" to support children at different levels of the developmental progressions specified in Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning. This allows teachers to individualize activities to meet the strengths and needs of each child. Additionally, teachers can use the Mighty Minutes, Book Conversation Cards, and guidance provided in Volumes 1–3 to offer multiple related learning opportunities for children to explore concepts and skills in all domains.

Criterio 4

Alineación con el Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF)

El currículo está alineado con el Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF, sigla en inglés). Alinear un currículo con el ELOF determina el grado en que los dominios y subdominios del ELOF se abordan en el currículo. Los currículos que están totalmente alineados con el ELOF son integrales y abarcan todas las áreas de aprendizaje y desarrollo de los niños descritas en el ELOF.

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Alignment with the ELOF: A thorough review of all the curriculum materials indicates that The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos is fully aligned with the ELOF. Volume 1: The Foundation and Volume 2: Routines & Experiences clearly describe how the recommended strategies, interactions, environments, routines, and experiences support children's development and learning in the ELOF domains and sub-domains. Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning provides learning goals and strategies to support children's development and learning in all ELOF domains and sub-domains. The Intentional Teaching Cards offer learning experiences to support children's development and learning across the five ELOF domains.

Criterio 5

Metas de aprendizaje para los niños

El currículo especifica metas de aprendizaje para los niños. Las metas de aprendizaje del currículo son objetivos para el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños en todos los dominios. Las metas de aprendizaje deben ser medibles y apropiadas para el desarrollo. Las metas de aprendizaje medibles se centran en habilidades, comportamientos y conocimientos que son observables; las metas de aprendizaje apropiadas para el desarrollo son consistentes con las progresiones de desarrollo bien establecidas. Los maestros deben ser capaces de utilizar las metas de aprendizaje de un currículo para individualizar las experiencias de aprendizaje para todos los niños, como para niños de diversas culturas, niños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés), niños que están aprendiendo lenguas tribales y niños con discapacidades u otras necesidades especiales.

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Learning Goals: The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos includes 36 objectives for development and learning organized into nine areas: Social-Emotional, Physical, Language, Cognitive, Literacy, Mathematics, Science and Technology, Social Studies, and the Arts. The objectives are measurable and developmentally appropriate expectations of the knowledge, skills, and behaviors young children develop and learn. The Intentional Teaching Cards and Mighty Minutes specify objectives for each activity, and the learning experiences supported the stated goals. Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning describes how to use the objectives with children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs. It also explains how teachers can use the objectives with children who are DLLs to gather information, no matter which language children use to demonstrate what they know and can do.

Criterio 6

Evaluación continua del niño

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre la evaluación continua de los niños. La evaluación continua del niño es el proceso de reunir información para comprender y apoyar el desarrollo de los niños a lo largo del tiempo. La información recopilada a través de la observación y la documentación ayuda a programar la planificación curricular, la enseñanza y la individualización para todos los niños. La evaluación continua del niño también se puede utilizar para llevar a cabo periódicamente instrumentos de evaluación estandarizados y estructurados para evaluar el progreso del desarrollo de los niños.

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Ongoing Observation and Documentation: The curriculum offers a four-step process for ongoing observation and documentation: 1) Observing and Collecting Facts, 2) Analyzing and Responding, 3) Evaluating, and 4) Summarizing, Planning, and Communicating. In addition, the curriculum includes specific tools to support teachers in the ongoing observation and documentation process. The Intentional Teaching Cards include "Questions to Guide Observations" (e.g., How did the child hold and manipulate the ball? How did the child separate from their family member?). The "Child Planning Form" provides a template for teachers to record observations and future plans based on the documentation.

Standardized and Structured Assessment Instruments: The curriculum encourages programs to use the publisher's Teaching Strategies GOLD Assessment System (TS GOLD), which is aligned with The Creative Curriculum® objectives. The online platform, MyTeachingStrategies™, features resources related to TS GOLD that describe how assessment instruments should be valid and reliable, as well as individually, culturally, and linguistically appropriate. The curriculum also stresses the importance of regularly assessing children's development and using this information to plan instruction.

Criterio 7

Compromiso de los padres y las familias

El currículo promueve el compromiso de los padres y la familia. El compromiso de los padres y la familia es un proceso basado en la colaboración y las fortalezas a través del cual los maestros de la primera infancia, las familias y los niños desarrollan relaciones positivas y orientadas a una meta. Es una responsabilidad compartida de las familias y el personal que se construye sobre el respeto mutuo por los roles y las fortalezas que cada uno tiene para ofrecer. El currículo proporciona estrategias cultural y lingüísticamente receptivas para comunicarse con las familias y para involucrar a las familias en el aprendizaje de los niños.

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Communicating with Families: The curriculum offers specific guidance on communicating with diverse families. Volume 1: The Foundation provides several communication strategies that encourage both learning from and sharing information with families. Some ideas for sharing information with families include a whiteboard that describes the learning experiences of the day, a daily communication form, email, and newsletters. The curriculum also encourages teachers to learn from families in a variety of ways, such as by conducting home visits or using the "Individual Care Plan—Family Information Form" to learn about children's daily routines and activities at home. The curriculum provides support on how to communicate with families in ways that are culturally responsive (e.g., observe how families interact with their child; communicate with families to learn how their culture affects childrearing practices, beliefs, and goals) and linguistically responsive (e.g., provide messages in families' home languages, provide translators).

Engaging Families: The curriculum provides multiple resources to support parent and family engagement. Volume 1: The Foundation offers a variety of ways for families to be involved in the classroom and program (e.g., classroom jobs, family playtime). Volume 2: Routines and Experiences includes letters to parents and families that focus on how to support children's development during routines and extend their learning at home. In addition, The Creative Curriculum® Learning Games are activities for families to do at home with their children; they are available in both English and Spanish. The curriculum gives general guidance on engaging diverse families (e.g., learn about strengths and needs of each family to individualize approach, connect with social services and family support workers).

Criterio 8

Desarrollo profesional y materiales para apoyar la implementación

El currículo ofrece desarrollo profesional y materiales para apoyar la implementación y la mejora continua. El desarrollo profesional incluye la adquisición de los conocimientos y las habilidades requeridas para la implementación eficaz de un currículo. Los procedimientos de capacitación estandarizados incluyen formación inicial y continua para apoyar al personal de educación a medida que aprenden a implementar un currículo con fidelidad. Los procedimientos de capacitación estandarizados proporcionan contenido uniforme y métodos de impartición en las sesiones de capacitación. Los materiales del currículo para apoyar la implementación de los mismos incluyen recursos que vienen con un currículo para ayudar al personal docente a entender cómo utilizarlo. Los materiales pueden incluir también recursos para ayudar a los gerentes de educación y a los instructores a apoyar al personal docente para que implementen el currículo de manera eficaz.

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Professional Development: The publisher, Teaching Strategies, offers comprehensive standardized initial training and ongoing professional development. In-person training options for teachers range from a two-day introduction called "Implementing The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos, 3rd Edition,” to more advanced examinations of specific topics (e.g., partnering with families, supporting language and literacy development). The publisher also offers in-person courses designed for administrators and coaches on how to help teachers implement the curriculum with fidelity. Online courses represent another option for ongoing professional development. These include 10 hours of self-paced modules at an additional cost. Finally, the publisher offers to work with programs to customize trainings based on program needs.

Curriculum Materials to Support Implementation: The curriculum includes a comprehensive set of materials to support implementation. The Guide to The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos orients teachers to the curriculum materials. The curriculum offers three volumes to support teachers during implementation: Volume 1: The Foundation, Volume 2: Routines & Experiences, and Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning. Finally, the Daily Resources provide teachers with more specific guidance on how to engage children in learning experiences throughout the day (e.g., Intentional Teaching Cards, Mighty Minutes, Book Conversation Cards).

  • Fidelity Tool: For an additional fee, programs can purchase Coaching to Fidelity, Infants, Toddlers & Twos Edition, which includes The Fidelity Tool for Administrators and The Fidelity Tool Teacher Checklist. Both tools assess the fidelity of implementation of the Daily Resources, The Foundation, and TS GOLD.

Criterio 9

Interacciones y experiencias de aprendizaje

El currículo promueve experiencias de aprendizaje e interacciones valiosas para apoyar el desarrollo entre los dominios. Para los bebés y los niños pequeños, las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas tienen lugar en el contexto de un entorno de juego atractivo, de las interacciones y conversaciones con cuidadores y compañeros, y de las rutinas diarias de cuidado. Las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas apoyan y amplían el conocimiento, la comprensión de los conceptos y las habilidades de los niños en todos los dominios. Los bebés y los niños pequeños se desarrollan y aprenden moviendo libremente el cuerpo y explorando activamente sus entornos de forma abierta. El currículo ofrece a los bebés y niños pequeños numerosas oportunidades para moverse y explorar y les proporciona a los maestros orientación sobre cómo interactuar con los niños para extender la exploración, el pensamiento y la comunicación. Las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas deben ser cultural y lingüísticamente receptivas e inclusivas para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales.

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Active Exploration: The Creative Curriculum® for Infants, Toddlers & Twos offers ample opportunities for infants and toddlers to freely move and actively explore their environment. Volume 1: The Foundation highlights the importance of children having time for play and exploration daily. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences gives many specific examples of learning materials and equipment that lend themselves to open-ended exploration (e.g., natural materials, cups and pails for filling and dumping, manipulative toys, climbers). The Intentional Teaching Cards provide opportunities for children to manipulate objects, investigate concepts, and engage in open-ended exploration (e.g., exploring water using cups or other props; building with large blocks; exploring bells). Many learning experiences do have teachers modeling or demonstrating how to do something, but even within these activities, children are still given opportunities to freely explore the materials.

Interactions That Extend Children's Learning: Many of the curriculum's resources provide guidance and examples on how teachers engage in interactions that extend children's learning. Volume 1: The Foundation offers general strategies, such as to describe what a child is seeing or doing, provide vocabulary, or ask children open-ended questions. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences provides "Caring and Teaching" examples of how to extend children's learning (e.g., describe changes the child can observe, point out cause-and-effect relationships, encourage the child to solve problems). Finally, the Intentional Teaching Cards and Book Conversation Cards provide several examples of specific strategies, open-ended questions, and other prompts that teachers can use to spark children's thinking and encourage them to communicate (e.g., model different ways to use objects, describe objects, invite children to share observations, ask simple questions to prompt children to think about solutions).

Individualization: The curriculum provides specific guidance on how to individualize learning experiences for all children. The Intentional Teaching Cards feature the section "Including All Children," which offers strategies to ensure children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs can participate. The Intentional Teaching Cards also include scaffolding strategies to support children who are DLLs. Volumes 1–3 give some suggestions for how teachers can consider children's cultures as they plan routines and learning experiences, but they give very few specific examples of embedding children's cultures within learning experiences throughout the curriculum materials.

Criterio 10

Entornos de aprendizaje y rutinas

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo configurar entornos de aprendizaje valiosos y rutinas apropiadas para el desarrollo. Los entornos de aprendizaje valiosos son espacios que fomentan y apoyan el desarrollo de todos los niños pequeños. El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo diseñar horarios apropiados para el desarrollo, las rutinas y las oportunidades en el interior o al aire libre que proveen opciones para elegir, jugar, explorar y experimentar. Los entornos de aprendizaje incluyen equipos, materiales y suministros apropiados de acuerdo a la edad. También reflejan las culturas del hogar y son lo suficientemente flexibles como para apoyar los cambios de edad, intereses y características de un grupo de niños a través del tiempo.

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Environment: The curriculum provides extensive guidance on how to design well-organized, engaging indoor and outdoor environments. Volume 1: The Foundation offers direction on how to set up the physical space for daily routines and play; sample layouts for young infants, mobile infants, and toddlers and twos; and a description of how the environment supports children's development in the ELOF domains. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences includes information on how to create an environment to support specific daily routines (e.g., sleeping and naptime, eating and mealtimes) and experiences (e.g., imitating and pretending, exploring outdoors). The curriculum gives specific guidance on how to include children's home languages and cultures into the physical environment (e.g., songs in home languages, pictures that honor the ethnic diversity of children and families). It also explains how to ensure the physical environment is accessible for children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs (e.g., environmental changes for wheelchairs, support for sitting and standing).

Learning Materials: The curriculum provides specific guidance on selecting learning materials that are developmentally appropriate and foster open-ended exploration. Volume 1: The Foundation encourages teachers to choose materials that support children's development and learning, as well as open-ended and home-like materials that can be used in a variety of ways. The "Playing with Toys" chapter in Volume 2: Routines & Experiences offers explicit examples of developmentally appropriate toys for infants and toddlers and that foster exploration and inquiry (e.g., grasping and mouthing toys, push and pull toys, blocks, transportation toys, animal figures). In addition, the Intentional Teaching Cards provide examples of developmentally appropriate materials, such as natural materials, building blocks, squeeze bottles, and stacking or nesting toys. Finally, the curriculum gives specific guidance on how to provide learning materials that authentically represent children's cultures; that are in children's home languages; and that are accessible to children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs.

Schedule and Routines: The curriculum provides comprehensive guidance and resources to help teachers establish a flexible daily schedule centered around caregiving routines. Volume 1: The Foundation offers an "Individual Care Plan" form designed to be used with families to create an individualized schedule for each infant. It also describes how to plan a more group-oriented schedule for older toddlers. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences offers guidance and vignettes on how teachers support children's development and learning during routines (e.g., hellos and good-byes, diapering and toileting, eating and mealtimes, sleeping and naptime, and dressing). Some Intentional Teaching Cards provide further specific direction on how teachers support children's development and learning during daily caregiving routines. The curriculum includes some explicit examples in Volume 2: Routines & Experiences of how routines may need to be adapted based on families' cultural preferences (e.g., swaddling infants, using bed boards); children's home languages (e.g., singing lullabies in Spanish); or children's disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs (e.g., consulting with specialist on feeding procedures and appropriate adaptive equipment).

Criterio 11

Receptividad cultural

El currículo apoya la receptividad cultural. La receptividad cultural es un enfoque basado en fortalezas para la enseñanza y el cuidado arraigado en el respeto y aprecio por el papel que desempeña la cultura en el aprendizaje y el desarrollo de los niños. Un currículo culturalmente receptivo les indica a los maestros que aprendan acerca de las fortalezas, habilidades, experiencias e intereses de cada niño según se desarrollan en la familia y la cultura del niño. El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo modificar y mejorar los planes y materiales del currículo para aprovechar estas fortalezas, habilidades, experiencias e intereses con el objetivo de incorporar la cultura de cada niño en el aula.

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Interactions: The curriculum provides guidance on engaging children and families in culturally responsive interactions. Volume 1: The Foundation describes how culture affects children's development as well as families' childrearing practices, beliefs, and goals. It includes general tips (e.g., avoid assigning cultural labels, understand your own belief system) as well as specific strategies, such as observing how families interact with their child and communicating with families to learn about their beliefs, routines, and interactions at home (e.g., "How is discipline handled?" "How do people interact with one another?" "Do they look each other in the eye?"). The "Individual Care Plan—Family Information Form" includes explicit prompts to support teachers in learning how families interact with their child within their home and culture (e.g., "In what language do you speak and sing with your child at home?" "How do you play with your child?"). Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning includes a few specific references to acknowledging culture in interactions (e.g., non-verbal communication may have different meanings in different cultures).

Learning Experiences: The curriculum offers some guidance on how to ensure caregiving routines build on families' traditions, cultures, beliefs, and values. However, it lacks adequate guidance on how to provide learning experiences that build on children's cultures. Volume 1: The Foundation includes an "Individual Care Plan—Family Information Form," which encourages teachers to learn about caregiving routines children experience within their home. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences provides some specific examples of how culture may affect daily routines (e.g., cultural preferences related to food, sleeping, and cooking). Volumes 2 and 3 include a few examples of how to provide learning experiences that build on children's cultures, such as encouraging families to share cultural music and songs or recipes for cooking activities to acknowledge children's backgrounds. A limitation is that the Intentional Teaching Cards, which are the curriculum's learning experiences, lack specific guidance on providing culturally responsive learning experiences.

Learning Environment: The curriculum provides some specific guidance on providing learning materials that portray society's diversity and authentically represent the cultures and ethnicities of children and families. Volume 1: The Foundation and Volume 2: Routines & Experiences encourage teachers to choose learning materials that honor diversity, depicting people similar to the children in the class as well as the diversity of society (e.g., books, puzzles, photographs, dolls, music, art supplies). Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning suggests teachers provide materials that recognize society's diversity as well as children's home cultures (e.g., various shades of skin tone art utensils; block people and props representing a range of jobs and cultures). Highlights Hello publications include images of children and families that represent society's diversity. A limitation is that the Intentional Teaching Cards provide very minimal guidance on using learning materials that reflect children's cultures.

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Receptividad lingüística

El currículo apoya la receptividad lingüística. La receptividad lingüística se refiere a las prácticas de enseñanza que apoyan el aprendizaje, el desarrollo y la participación de los niños de diversos orígenes lingüísticos. Incluye apoyos para el desarrollo continuo del idioma del hogar o de las lenguas tribales de los niños, al incorporar auténticamente el idioma de los niños en el entorno de aprendizaje. Además, las prácticas lingüísticamente receptivas pueden facilitar la adquisición del inglés. El currículo proporciona estrategias de andamios cognitivos para apoyar a los niños en cualquier nivel de conocimiento del inglés para participar plenamente en las experiencias de aprendizaje del currículo y el entorno. Para los bebés y los niños pequeños, la receptividad lingüística requiere asociarse con las familias para apoyar intencionalmente el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés). Este proceso incluye el desarrollo de un plan, basado en los idiomas del maestro y la familia, para apoyar el desarrollo del niño de cada idioma, tanto en el aula como en el hogar.

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Linguistic Responsiveness: The curriculum provides specific guidance embedded throughout several curriculum materials on how to support the development and learning of infants and toddlers who are DLLs. Volume 1: The Foundation includes brief information on dual language development and principles to support children who are DLLs, both for teachers who do and do not speak the child's home language. Volume 3: Objectives for Development & Learning gives information on working with children who are DLLs and includes a "Home Language Survey" and strategies to support children's English language acquisition. The Intentional Teaching Cards include further suggestions to support children who are DLLs, such as to provide directions in the child's home language, watch for non-verbal cues that signal a child's desire to participate, and point to an object or demonstrate an action as you describe it. The curriculum doesn't address how to support the development and learning of children who are learning tribal languages.

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Individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospecha de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo individualizar para los niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales. La individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales incluye proporcionar apoyos más especializados para que los niños accedan y participen en el aprendizaje, las experiencias sociales y las actividades. La orientación del currículo para apoyos especializados abarca prácticas específicas de enseñanza y formas de interactuar con los niños, así como adaptaciones a los horarios diarios, actividades de aprendizaje y el entorno de aprendizaje. La individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales permite a todos los niños acceder, participar y prosperar en los entornos de aprendizaje temprano.

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Teaching Practices and Interventions: The curriculum provides specific guidance on how to embed intentional teaching practices in the daily routines and learning experiences to support the development and learning of children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs. Volume 1: The Foundation offers general tips around caring for and teaching infants and toddlers with disabilities or special needs (e.g., learn about disabilities to know what adjustments need to be made; work closely with families and specialists). The Intentional Teaching Cards feature the section, "Including All Children," with strategies to ensure all children can participate, such as adult support (e.g., demonstrate how to move through tunnels), peer support (e.g., pair children of different skill levels), temporal modifications (e.g., shorten duration of activity), and simplifying the activity (e.g., provide activity simple enough for children to complete).

Learning Environment: The curriculum offers specific guidance on how to ensure the physical environment and learning materials are accessible to children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs. Volume 1: The Foundation includes examples of how to provide an accessible physical environment for children with physical disabilities, visual, hearing, and sensory impairments, and tactile defensiveness. Volume 2: Routines & Experiences reviews how the toileting area may need to be adapted for children with disabilities, suspected delays, or other special needs, as well as provides examples of modifications for toys (e.g., handles or built-up knobs, playboards). The Intentional Teaching Cards feature the section, "Including All Children," with suggested material adaptations to ensure all children can participate (e.g., use items that are easier to grasp and manipulate, provide books with highly contrasting pictures, record song into child's communication device).

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Individualización basada en intereses, fortalezas y necesidades

El currículo ofrece orientación sobre cómo individualizar en función de los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades de los niños. La individualización es un proceso de planificación e implementación de experiencias de aprendizaje que responden a los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades de cada niño. Los maestros reflexionan sobre sus observaciones de cada niño y luego planifican las formas más eficaces de apoyar el aprendizaje y desarrollo de cada niño. Cuando las experiencias de aprendizaje se adaptan a los intereses de los niños, son más atractivas y significativas para ellos. Debido a que los niños pueden variar en sus progresiones del desarrollo, también es importante que el currículo apoye a los maestros en la planificación de experiencias de aprendizaje que respondan a las fortalezas y necesidades individuales de los niños.

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Individualization Based on Interests: Volume 1: The Foundation describes a process of responsive planning, which includes prompts for teachers to consider children's interests and engagement (e.g., What experiences interest the children now? Which materials are the children using most?). Volume 1: The Foundation and Volume 2: Routines & Experiences provide vignettes that demonstrate how a teacher notices children's interests and plans learning experiences around these interests. The "Child Planning Form" also reminds teachers to note children's interests as they plan learning experiences.

Individualization Based on Strengths and Needs: Volume 1: The Foundation describes a process of responsive planning. Teachers review observation notes, consider recent events and interactions, and analyze information about each child to develop weekly plans to support a child's current knowledge, skills, and abilities. Furthermore, the Intentional Teaching Cards provide specific scaffolding strategies to support children at different levels of a developmental progression. These resources help teachers individualize learning experiences to meet children's strengths and needs. Finally, the Book Conversation Cards provide developmentally appropriate prompts and strategies to read Highlights Hello books with young infants (e.g., describe what is happening in pictures), mobile infants (e.g., name anything the child touches on the page), toddlers (e.g., invite child to point to something as you name it), and twos (e.g., invite child to talk about what she sees in the pictures).