Currículo

Frog Street Pre-K

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Resumen

Frog Street Pre-K ofrece experiencias de aprendizaje y materiales que integran la enseñanza a través de los dominios del desarrollo. Este currículo está organizado en torno a nueve temas que incluyen planes de lecciones diarias para actividades de grupos enteros, actividades para grupos pequeños y centros de aprendizaje.

Resumen de la evaluación del currículo

  • Promueve algunas prácticas de enseñanza basadas en la investigación en todos los dominios del Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF, sigla en inglés), especialmente en los dominios de Desarrollo Social y Emocional, Lenguaje y Comunicación y Lectoescritura.
  • Especifica las metas de aprendizaje apropiadas para el nivel de desarrollo en todas las actividades curriculares.
  • Proporciona una serie de estrategias y recursos para respaldar la participación de las familias.
  • Ofrece capacitación y materiales estandarizados integrales para respaldar la implementación.
  • Proporciona indicaciones específicas para ampliar el aprendizaje de los niños en todas las actividades.
  • Proporciona orientación específica para utilizar andamios cognitivos que apoyen el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés).
  • Incluye adaptaciones específicas para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retraso u otras necesidades especiales.
  • Promueve la individualización basada en las fortalezas y necesidades de los niños.
  • Está moderadamente alineado con el ELOF, pero carece de una orientación exhaustiva en los subdominios del ELOF: Iniciativa y Curiosidad y Creatividad. 
  • Proporciona algunas secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje que introducen habilidades o conceptos avanzados antes de crear conocimientos y habilidades fundacionales.
  • Carece de orientación integral sobre la evaluación continua de los niños.
  • Carece de amplias oportunidades para el juego iniciado por los niños, actividades basadas en los intereses del niño y actividades que promueven la exploración abierta.
  • Proporciona una orientación limitada sobre cómo integrar plenamente las culturas y las lenguas maternas de los niños y las familias en las interacciones, el entorno de aprendizaje y las experiencias de aprendizaje.
Website: http://www.frogstreet.com/curriculum/pre-k/

Detalles

Cost of Curriculum

Currículo (nacional) en inglés de Frog Street Pre-K: $3,199.99

 

Cost of Professional Development

Precio introductorio del seminario web: $750 por centro para seminarios web de dos horas; $500 por centro para seminarios web de una hora

Comuníquese con el editor para obtener la información más actualizada sobre los costos del currículo y las ofertas actuales de desarrollo profesional.

Availability in Other Languages

Frog Street Pre-K en español: $3,199.99

Currículo bilingüe de Frog Street Pre-K (inglés y español): $3,799.99

Target Age

Programas preescolares basados en el centro para niños de 48 a 60 meses

Curriculum Materials Reviewed by Raters

Todos los materiales del currículo (nacional) en inglés de Frog Street Pre-K se compraron y se revisaron en 2017. Entre estos materiales se encontraban:

  • Bienvenido a Frog Street,
  • nueve guías temáticas de enseñanza,
  • adaptaciones para niños,
  • nueve guías de recursos,
  • biblioteca de literatura,
  • biblioteca matemática y objetos didácticos manipulables,
  • biblioteca científica y herramientas de exploración,
  • recursos adicionales para el aula (p. ej., carteles, tarjetas de vocabulario).

Evaluación y valoraciones

¿Qué significan las valoraciones?

  • Four star rating graphic Evidencia completa
  • Three star rating graphic Evidencia moderada
  • Two star rating graphic Evidencia mínima
  • One star rating graphic Sin evidencia

Criterio 1

Base empírica para los resultados del niño

La evidencia empírica de la investigación demuestra que el currículo se ha asociado con los resultados positivos del aprendizaje de los niños. El currículo ha sido implementado y estudiado directamente en programas de la primera infancia, y la investigación ha demostrado efectos positivos y significativos en los resultados del desarrollo de los niños. Se han obtenido pruebas de eficacia en estudios de investigación rigurosos, como ensayos controlados aleatorizados o diseños de regresión discontinua. Los estudios de investigación sobre el currículo han incluido de manera óptima varios grupos diversos de niños y maestros.

One star rating graphicSin evidencia

At the time of this review, there are no available published research studies on Frog Street Pre-K. The publisher highlights pre- and post-data from various school districts that suggest children in Frog Street Pre-K classrooms make gains in language, literacy, and math outcomes. More rigorous research published in peer-reviewed journals is needed in order to establish evidence for positive effects of Frog Street Pre-K on children's learning outcomes.

Criterio 2

Currículo basado en la investigación

El currículo proporciona contenido basado en la investigación y las prácticas de enseñanza para apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños. Un currículo basado en la investigación es consistente con la investigación acerca de cómo se desarrollan y aprenden los niños. Específicamente, proporciona contenido rico, prácticas de enseñanza y experiencias de aprendizaje que la investigación ha demostrado que son eficaces para apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños. Un currículo basado en la investigación se centra en contenido y habilidades específicas por dominio y es apropiado para el nivel de desarrollo, los cuales contribuyen al desarrollo de los niños a largo plazo en cada dominio.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Approaches to Learning: Frog Street Pre-K promotes some research-based teaching practices to support children's approaches to learning, such as providing guidance on classroom organization (e.g., predictable daily schedule, games and songs to support transitions) and classroom management (e.g., giving children choices). However, the curriculum lacks opportunities for child-initiated play, activities based on children's interests, and activities that promote open-ended exploration, which research shows are important for supporting children's attention, persistence, curiosity, and creativity.

Social and Emotional Development: Frog Street Pre-K promotes research-based teaching practices in this domain, such as guidance on establishing an emotionally supportive environment. For example, the curriculum's "Conscious Discipline" daily routines (e.g., Greeting Circle) and aspects of the physical space (e.g., We Care Center) help children feel welcome each day and provide spaces for children to express their emotions and ideas. Within the daily routines and activities described in the Teacher Guides, children are offered many formal and informal opportunities to practice social interaction and relationship skills with their teachers and other children (e.g., partner activities, large- and small-group activities).

Language and Communication: Frog Street Pre-K consistently promotes research-based teaching practices to support children's language and communication, such as offering rich oral language opportunities. For example, the daily routines and activities described in the Teacher Guides provide children with a variety of formal and informal opportunities to engage in language and communication with adults and peers. Additionally, the Teacher Guides and Strategies for Intentional Instruction cards offer research-based strategies to engage children during read-alouds, support vocabulary development, and foster phonological awareness.

Literacy: The Teacher Guides and Strategies for Intentional Instruction Cards offer research-based teaching practices to support literacy skills during daily read-alouds, such as asking various types of questions, connecting the story to children's lives, and retelling to aid comprehension. The Morning Message integrates additional research-based teaching practices, such as modeling writing, examining concepts about print, and building alphabet knowledge.

Mathematics Development: Frog Street Pre-K includes intentionally planned daily math learning activities. The curriculum provides detailed guidance on how to introduce children to key mathematical concepts and promote the acquisition of math language and vocabulary. The whole-group math lessons demonstrate specific mathematical concepts or skills using manipulatives and hands-on activities. The practice activities that follow the lesson provide opportunities for individual hands-on practice of math skills, but learning activities provide limited opportunities to explore math through inquiry and creative invention. The mathematical concepts and skills are presented in a developmental progression across the Teacher Guides, with concepts from previous learning integrated with new knowledge and skills. However, at times, the order of the activities does not follow children's developmental progressions, with advanced skills or concepts appearing before foundational skills. Additionally, the weekly math activities do not provide multiple, related opportunities to explore and practice a new mathematical concept or skill.

Scientific Reasoning: Frog Street Pre-K provides ample hands-on science experiences that facilitate the development of inquiry skills, such as making observations, asking questions, and gathering information. Science is well integrated with math, language, literacy, and even social and emotional activities (e.g., compassion for all living things). The science activities are prescribed and teacher directed, leaving little room to build on children's previous experiences and interests or facilitate open-ended investigation. In addition, many of the activities do not focus on developmentally appropriate content that would allow children to engage in meaningful hands-on exploration (e.g., learning how the earth rotates on an axis or around the sun).

Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development: Frog Street Pre-K promotes some research-based teaching practices to support children's perceptual, motor, and physical development, such as providing many opportunities to practice new physical skills and intentionally scaffolding their development. The Teacher Guides include daily "Moving and Learning" activities, "Outdoor Learning" activities, and several learning centers that promote children's perceptual, fine motor, and gross motor development. Other research-based teaching practices in the areas of developing self-care skills, nutrition, and healthy food consumption are limited.

Criterio 3

Alcance y secuencia

El currículo incluye un alcance y una secuencia organizados del desarrollo para apoyar el aprendizaje de los niños. El alcance y la secuencia describen en qué se enfoca el currículo y de qué manera los planes y los materiales apoyan a los niños en los diferentes niveles del desarrollo. El alcance se refiere a las áreas de desarrollo abordadas en el currículo; la secuencia incluye planes y materiales para experiencias de aprendizaje que van progresivamente de menor a mayor complejidad, con la meta de apoyar a los niños mientras avanzan a través de las progresiones del desarrollo. Un currículo rico en contenido garantiza que las secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje incluyan múltiples oportunidades relacionadas para que los niños exploren un concepto o una habilidad con una profundidad cada vez mayor. Las secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje deben ser flexibles para responder a los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades individuales de los niños.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Scope: Frog Street Pre-K clearly identifies 10 developmental domains: Social and Emotional Development, Language and Communication, Emergent Literacy Reading, Emergent Literacy Writing, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Fine Arts, Physical Development, and Technology Applications. Each Teacher Guide provides detailed guidance for daily lesson plans and learning activities to support children's development in these domains.

Sequence: Frog Street Pre-K provides a sequence of learning experiences that progressively builds children's knowledge and skills as they move through the developmental progressions in the following domains: Approaches to Learning; Social and Emotional Development; Literacy; and Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development. However, in some aspects of Language and Communication, Mathematics Development, and Scientific Reasoning, the curriculum occasionally introduces advanced skills or concepts early in the sequence before building foundational knowledge and skills. It also lacks a variety of experiences that provide children with ample opportunities to progressively build a skill in a particular area.

Criterio 4

Alineación con el Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF)

El currículo está alineado con el Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF, sigla en inglés). Alinear un currículo con el ELOF determina el grado en que los dominios y subdominios del ELOF se abordan en el currículo. Los currículos que están totalmente alineados con el ELOF son integrales y abarcan todas las áreas de aprendizaje y desarrollo de los niños descritas en el ELOF.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Alignment with the ELOF: A thorough review of all the curriculum materials in relation to the Head Start Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) domains and sub-domains indicates that Frog Street Pre-K is mostly aligned with the ELOF. The learning experiences described in the Teacher Guides support children across the majority of ELOF sub-domains, and the learning centers (e.g., Writer's Corner, Math Center, and Creativity Station) also provide opportunities for children to practice domain-specific skills. The curriculum partially addresses the following ELOF sub-domains: Initiative and Curiosity; and Creativity.

Criterio 5

Metas de aprendizaje para los niños

El currículo especifica metas de aprendizaje para los niños. Las metas de aprendizaje del currículo son objetivos para el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños en todos los dominios. Las metas de aprendizaje deben ser medibles y apropiadas para el desarrollo. Las metas de aprendizaje medibles se centran en habilidades, comportamientos y conocimientos que son observables; las metas de aprendizaje apropiadas para el desarrollo son consistentes con las progresiones de desarrollo bien establecidas. Los maestros deben ser capaces de utilizar las metas de aprendizaje de un currículo para individualizar las experiencias de aprendizaje para todos los niños, como para niños de diversas culturas, niños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés), niños que están aprendiendo lenguas tribales y niños con discapacidades u otras necesidades especiales.

Four star rating graphicEvidencia completa

Learning Goals: Welcome to Frog Street provides "Prekindergarten Guidelines," which are the curriculum's measurable, developmentally appropriate learning goals. All learning activities in the Teacher Guides specify learning goals, both from the "Prekindergarten Guidelines" as well as from the ELOF. Overall, the learning activities support children in making progress toward these learning goals. The curriculum provides modified activities to help younger learners or children with disabilities make progress toward the learning goals. It also provides specific learning goals and teaching practices embedded throughout the Teacher Guides to support children who are DLLs.

Criterio 6

Evaluación continua del niño

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre la evaluación continua de los niños. La evaluación continua del niño es el proceso de reunir información para comprender y apoyar el desarrollo de los niños a lo largo del tiempo. La información recopilada a través de la observación y la documentación ayuda a programar la planificación curricular, la enseñanza y la individualización para todos los niños. La evaluación continua del niño también se puede utilizar para llevar a cabo periódicamente instrumentos de evaluación estandarizados y estructurados para evaluar el progreso del desarrollo de los niños.

Two star rating graphicEvidencia mínima

Ongoing Observation and Documentation: Assessment: A Portfolio Approach describes how teachers can develop a portfolio of work samples, photographs, voice-recorded interviews, checklists, and anecdotal records to document children's developmental progress over time. To support this process, this resource guide and the Assessment CD offer several specific suggestions, examples, and tools (e.g., weekly assessment checklists). However, there are minimal supports for teachers to use these strategies and tools embedded throughout the Teacher Guides and no guidance on how to use information from ongoing assessment to inform curriculum planning.

Standardized and Structured Assessment Instruments: Frog Street Pre-K describes and provides a structured assessment tool, Prekindergarten Skills Assessment Summary, that aligns with the curriculum's learning goals. The curriculum encourages programs to use their portfolios to complete this assessment tool four times per year, but there is no evidence that establishes the validity and reliability of the tool.

Criterio 7

Compromiso de los padres y las familias

El currículo promueve el compromiso de los padres y la familia. El compromiso de los padres y la familia es un proceso basado en la colaboración y las fortalezas a través del cual los maestros de la primera infancia, las familias y los niños desarrollan relaciones positivas y orientadas a una meta. Es una responsabilidad compartida de las familias y el personal que se construye sobre el respeto mutuo por los roles y las fortalezas que cada uno tiene para ofrecer. El currículo proporciona estrategias cultural y lingüísticamente receptivas para comunicarse con las familias y para involucrar a las familias en el aprendizaje de los niños.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Communicating with Families: The resource guide, Family Connections Building a Sense of Community, and online resources, Family Connections, provide a range of materials and strategies for sharing information with families, such as letters about the curriculum's learning experiences. In addition, "From the Experts: Family Connections" describes some ways to learn from families about children's development (e.g., survey families about child's interests and activities at home as well as parents' visions for child's education). While the materials for families are translated into Spanish, there is limited further guidance on how to communicate with families in culturally and linguistically responsive ways.

Engaging Families: The curriculum provides multiple resources to support parent and family engagement in their children's learning and development. For example, the Parents Are Teachers Too (PATT) mats are hands-on, open-ended activities for families to do at home with their children, available in both English and Spanish. The curriculum also provides Take-Home Storybooks for families to read with their children and suggests offering a lending library with books in families' home languages. However, there is no further discussion on how to engage families from diverse cultures, families who speak languages other than English, or parents with disabilities or other special needs.

Criterio 8

Desarrollo profesional y materiales para apoyar la implementación

El currículo ofrece desarrollo profesional y materiales para apoyar la implementación y la mejora continua. El desarrollo profesional incluye la adquisición de los conocimientos y las habilidades requeridas para la implementación eficaz de un currículo. Los procedimientos de capacitación estandarizados incluyen formación inicial y continua para apoyar al personal de educación a medida que aprenden a implementar un currículo con fidelidad. Los procedimientos de capacitación estandarizados proporcionan contenido uniforme y métodos de impartición en las sesiones de capacitación. Los materiales del currículo para apoyar la implementación de los mismos incluyen recursos que vienen con un currículo para ayudar al personal docente a entender cómo utilizarlo. Los materiales pueden incluir también recursos para ayudar a los gerentes de educación y a los instructores a apoyar al personal docente para que implementen el currículo de manera eficaz.

Four star rating graphicEvidencia completa

Professional Development: Frog Street Pre-K offers two full-day, in-person courses for standardized initial training at an additional cost. Training topics include implementing the curriculum with fidelity, the content areas, and teaching practices. Ongoing professional development opportunities feature several courses that cover a wide range of content, including half- and full-day courses offered in person for an additional fee. The curriculum also offers professional learning webinars that can be customized to meet the needs of programs using a pre-webinar questionnaire to identify challenges and share successes.

Curriculum Materials to Support Implementation: Frog Street Pre-K includes a comprehensive set of materials to support implementation. The Welcome to Frog Street Pre-K introductory guide provides an overview of the curriculum materials, such as the Teacher Guides, resource guides, CDs, manipulatives, and books for children. It includes information on setting up the learning environment and designing learning centers. The Teacher Guides provide daily lesson plans for each theme that describe the content and strategies for implementation (e.g., goals for the activities, questions to ask, and scaffolding strategies).

  • Fidelity Tool: Frog Street Pre-K offers the Administrator Classroom Observation Tool, which can be used to monitor quality or assess fidelity of implementation. This tool guides observation in different areas, such as the teacher's sensitivity to social and emotional needs, teaching practices in small and large groups, the classroom environment, lesson plans, and learning centers.

Criterio 9

Interacciones y experiencias de aprendizaje

El currículo promueve experiencias de aprendizaje e interacciones valiosas para apoyar el desarrollo entre los dominios. Las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas apoyan y amplían el conocimiento, la comprensión de los conceptos y las habilidades de los niños en todos los dominios. A medida que los niños exploran activamente su entorno de aprendizaje al manipular objetos e investigar conceptos, los maestros interactúan con ellos para ampliar su exploración, pensamiento y comunicación. El currículo les ofrece a los niños numerosas oportunidades para participar en la exploración práctica y les proporciona a los maestros orientación sobre cómo extender la exploración, el pensamiento y la comunicación de los niños. Las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas deben ser cultural y lingüísticamente receptivas e inclusivas para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Active Exploration: Assessment: A Portfolio Approach describes the importance of hands-on exploration for children's learning (e.g., how children problem-solve and develop math skills as they explore blocks in the "Construction Center"). The Teacher Guides provide some opportunities for preschoolers to actively engage in hands-on exploration in the learning centers and practice activities (e.g., explore paints and play dough of different textures). However, many activities are structured, teacher directed, and leave children little room to engage with materials in open-ended ways or create and experiment with materials (e.g., teacher demonstrates how to make ropes from play dough and invites children to make ropes).

Interactions That Extend Children's Learning: Many of the curriculum's resources provide guidance on and examples of how teachers can engage in interactions that extend children's learning. For example, the Strategies for Intentional Instruction cards provide examples of different types of questions to extend children's thinking and communication (e.g., factual, opinion, inferential, prediction questions). Furthermore, many learning activities and learning centers provide prompts to extend children's exploration, thinking, and communication (e.g., math and science activities include prompts for children to predict, hypothesize, test, and reason; closing circle activities ask children to reflect on the day).

Individualization: The curriculum provides specific guidance on how to individualize learning experiences for all children. Many of the learning activities provide suggestions for including children with disabilities or other special needs and scaffolding strategies to support children who are DLLs. Each thematic unit begins with a short section, "From the Experts: Cultural Sensitivity," which provides some ideas on how to approach diversity with children. However, it does not address how to incorporate children's cultures throughout learning activities or learning centers. The Teacher Guides offer minimal guidance for incorporating children's cultures, such as including restaurants in the Pretend and Learn Center that reflect the different cultures of children and the community.

Criterio 10

Entornos de aprendizaje y rutinas

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo configurar entornos de aprendizaje valiosos y rutinas apropiadas para el desarrollo. Los entornos de aprendizaje valiosos son espacios que fomentan y apoyan el desarrollo de todos los niños pequeños. El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo diseñar horarios apropiados para el desarrollo, las rutinas y las oportunidades en el interior o al aire libre que proveen opciones para elegir, jugar, explorar y experimentar. Los entornos de aprendizaje incluyen equipos, materiales y suministros apropiados de acuerdo a la edad. También reflejan las culturas del hogar y son lo suficientemente flexibles como para apoyar los cambios de edad, intereses y características de un grupo de niños a través del tiempo.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Environment: Welcome to Frog Street provides a general overview of setting up the physical space and learning centers, including tips for classroom management and safety. Assessment: A Portfolio Approach describes the importance of setting up the physical environment and materials to promote open-ended exploration. While the curriculum describes activities for the "Outdoor Learning Center" each week, it lacks adequate guidance on how to set up the outdoor environment. Guidelines and Strategies for Children with Special Needs provides some information on ensuring the physical environment is accessible for children with specific disabilities or special needs, but is not comprehensive. The curriculum lacks guidance on how to include children's home languages and cultures in the physical environment.

Learning Materials: Frog Street Pre-K includes developmentally appropriate learning materials, such as books, music CDs, magnetic letters, sequence cards, and manipulatives. The Teacher Guides give suggestions for learning materials to use in specific activities and learning centers. The curriculum offers some guidance for ensuring that the learning materials meet the unique needs of children with disabilities or other special needs. It also provides some materials in Spanish (e.g., books), and the Oral Language Cards are available in Arabic, Urdu, Mandarin, Vietnamese, and French. Finally, the curriculum lists a few specific examples of selecting learning materials that authentically represent the cultures and ethnicities of children in the program (e.g., make a number line using numerals associated with child's native culture, include photos of food from children's cultures).

Schedule and Routines: Welcome to Frog Street describes the various parts of a typical day: greeting circle, morning message, moving and learning, literacy lesson and centers, math and science lesson and centers, outdoor learning, and daily routines (e.g., restroom, rest time, lunch). It also offers suggested half- and full-day schedules to help teachers create their own daily schedules. The organization of the Teacher Guides reiterates the suggested schedules. The curriculum lacks guidance on how to adjust schedules and routines based on children's needs and backgrounds.

Criterio 11

Receptividad cultural

El currículo apoya la receptividad cultural. La receptividad cultural es un enfoque basado en fortalezas para la enseñanza y el cuidado arraigado en el respeto y aprecio por el papel que desempeña la cultura en el aprendizaje y el desarrollo de los niños. Un currículo culturalmente receptivo les indica a los maestros que aprendan acerca de las fortalezas, habilidades, experiencias e intereses de cada niño según se desarrollan en la familia y la cultura del niño. El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo modificar y mejorar los planes y materiales del currículo para aprovechar estas fortalezas, habilidades, experiencias e intereses con el objetivo de incorporar la cultura de cada niño en el aula.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Interactions: The curriculum provides some general guidance on cultural responsiveness. Each Teacher Guide begins with "From the Experts: Family Connections" and "From the Experts: Cultural Sensitivity," and these brief sections address understanding diversity (e.g., making explicit the cultural assumptions of "show and tell," discussing "ethnocentrism"). In addition, the curriculum includes a few specific examples of how to engage in culturally responsive interactions with diverse children and families (e.g., research appropriate greetings for children from different cultures; be sensitive to cultural differences related to eye contact).

Learning Experiences: The "From the Experts: Cultural Sensitivity" sections briefly remind teachers to consider culture or mention possible learning activities related to culture. For example, they suggest exposing children to variety of songs from diverse backgrounds and discussing the foods, music, dance, and dress for special celebrations in their families. However, the activities and learning centers in the Teaching Guides provide limited specific guidance on how to modify or plan learning experiences that authentically build on children's cultures (e.g., the curriculum mentions, "Yoga is an important daily routine in some cultures. Invite children with prior experience in yoga to demonstrate their favorite position.").

Learning Environment: The curriculum provides some learning materials that reflect diverse children and families (e.g., pictures in books). In addition, the curriculum provides limited specific guidance on how to select and use learning materials that authentically represent the cultures and ethnicities of children and families in the program (e.g., an activity suggests making placemats that include photos of food from children's cultures).

Criterio 12

Receptividad lingüística

El currículo apoya la receptividad lingüística. La receptividad lingüística se refiere a las prácticas de enseñanza que apoyan el aprendizaje, el desarrollo y la participación de los niños de diversos orígenes lingüísticos. Incluye apoyos para el desarrollo continuo del idioma del hogar o de las lenguas tribales de los niños, al incorporar auténticamente el idioma de los niños en el entorno de aprendizaje. Además, las prácticas lingüísticamente receptivas pueden facilitar la adquisición del inglés. El currículo proporciona estrategias de andamios cognitivos para apoyar a los niños en cualquier nivel de conocimiento del inglés para participar plenamente en las experiencias de aprendizaje del currículo.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Scaffolding Strategies: The curriculum provides specific guidance to scaffold the development and learning of children who are DLLs. The resource guide, Strategies for English Language Learners, summarizes research on second-language acquisition and provides a range of teaching practices to support children who are DLLs. Furthermore, specific scaffolding strategies for children who are DLLs are embedded throughout the learning activities in the Teacher Guides.

Home and Tribal Languages: Frog Street Pre-K provides many classroom materials translated into Spanish, such as posters, vocabulary cards, and books. However, the curriculum lacks guidance on how to authentically incorporate children's home languages into learning experiences. Tribal languages are not addressed.

Criterio 13

Individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospecha de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo individualizar para los niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales. La individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales incluye proporcionar apoyos más especializados para que los niños accedan y participen en el aprendizaje, las experiencias sociales y las actividades. La orientación del currículo para apoyos especializados abarca prácticas específicas de enseñanza y formas de interactuar con los niños, así como adaptaciones a los horarios diarios, actividades de aprendizaje y el entorno de aprendizaje. La individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales permite a todos los niños acceder, participar y prosperar en los entornos de aprendizaje temprano.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Teaching Practices and Interventions: Guidelines and Strategies for Children with Special Needs provides general guidance for working with children with special needs (e.g., using peer buddies) as well as descriptions and adaptations to support children with specific disabilities or special needs (e.g., allowing children with visual impairments to explore things through touch and sound). The Teacher Guides provide specific modifications to ensure that daily routines and activities are inclusive of children with disabilities or other special needs (e.g., using gestures while speaking, suggesting alternative materials for children with sensory integration issues).

Learning Environment: The curriculum provides some guidance on how to ensure the physical environment and learning materials are accessible to children with disabilities or other special needs. For example, Guidelines and Strategies for Children with Special Needs provides some strategies to ensure the physical environment and learning materials are accessible to children with specific disabilities (e.g., adjusting the lighting, hanging sign language alphabet on the wall, providing braille books). Similarly, the Teacher Guides occasionally offer suggestions for additional learning materials to support children with disabilities or other special needs (e.g., posting a number line in the Math Center, providing a paintbrush for children with tactile sensitivity). However, the curriculum lacked overall guidance on how to ensure the physical environment is accessible to all children (e.g., universal design principles). The curriculum could include more specific examples of how to adapt learning materials embedded throughout the many curriculum activities and learning centers.

Criterio 14

Individualización basada en intereses, fortalezas y necesidades

El currículo ofrece orientación sobre cómo individualizar en función de los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades de los niños. La individualización es un proceso de planificación e implementación de experiencias de aprendizaje que responden a los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades de cada niño. Los maestros reflexionan sobre sus observaciones de cada niño y luego planifican las formas más eficaces de apoyar el aprendizaje y desarrollo de cada niño. Cuando las experiencias de aprendizaje se adaptan a los intereses de los niños, son más atractivas y significativas para ellos. Debido a que los niños pueden variar en sus progresiones del desarrollo, también es importante que el currículo apoye a los maestros en la planificación de experiencias de aprendizaje que respondan a las fortalezas y necesidades individuales de los niños.

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Individualization Based on Interests: Frog Street Pre-K does not offer guidance on how to plan learning experiences that build on individual children's interests. Learning experiences are pre-planned, and there is no guidance on how to modify them based on individual children's interests.

Individualization Based on Strengths and Needs: The curriculum provides a variety of strategies to make learning experiences responsive to individual children's strengths and needs. For example, Adaptations for Young Learners is designed for children who may need additional support before being introduced to the lessons in the Teacher Guides, such as younger children or children with disabilities or other special needs. This resource is arranged in the same thematic order as the core programs so the lessons may be used as scaffolds. Additionally, the set of Resource Guides (e.g., Continuum of Physical Development, Multiple Intelligences in the Early Childhood Classroom) provides guidance on how to modify learning experiences based on children's strengths and needs. Finally, the Teacher Guides offer specific suggestions for modifying learning experiences for children with disabilities or other special needs and children who are DLLs.