Currículo

Opening the World of Learning™ (OWL) ©2014

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Resumen

Opening the World of Learning™ (OWL, sigla en inglés) ©2014 ofrece experiencias de aprendizaje y materiales que desarrollan las habilidades lingüísticas y de lectoescritura temprana en el contexto de áreas de contenido, como matemáticas, ciencias y estudios sociales. El currículo se organiza en torno a ocho unidades temáticas que incluyen planes de lecciones diarias para actividades de grupos enteros, actividades de grupos pequeños y centros de aprendizaje.

Resumen de la evaluación del currículo

  • Promueve las prácticas de enseñanza basadas en la investigación en todos los dominios del Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF, sigla en inglés), especialmente en los dominios de Lenguaje y Comunicación, Lectoescritura y Matemáticas.
  • Proporciona una secuencia de experiencias de aprendizaje que progresivamente fomenta el conocimiento y las habilidades de los niños en algunos de los dominios del ELOF, incluyendo el Lenguaje y la Comunicación, Lectoescritura, Matemáticas y Razonamiento Científico.
  • Especifica las metas de aprendizaje apropiadas para el nivel de desarrollo en todas las actividades curriculares.
  • Proporciona orientación específica para supervisar, documentar y reflexionar sobre el aprendizaje de los niños.
  • Proporciona una serie de estrategias y recursos para respaldar la participación de la familia.
  • Ofrece capacitación estandarizada integral y materiales para apoyar la implementación.
  • Proporciona orientación específica sobre cómo establecer un entorno interior bien organizado y atrayente.
  • Proporciona orientación específica sobre cómo individualizar el aprendizaje para todos los niños, incluidos los niños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés) y los niños con discapacidades, con sospechas de retraso u otras necesidades especiales. 
  • Promueve la individualización basada en las fortalezas y necesidades de los niños.
  • Está moderadamente alineado con el ELOF, pero carece de orientación adecuada en los siguientes subdominios: Iniciativa y Curiosidad; Relación con los Adultos; Relación con Otros Niños; Funcionamiento Emocional; Sentido de Identidad y Pertenencia; Desarrollo de la Motricidad Gruesa; y Salud, Seguridad y Nutrición.
  • Proporciona una orientación mínima y un número limitado de estrategias para comunicarse con las familias.
  • Carece de amplias oportunidades para el juego iniciado por los niños, actividades basadas en los intereses del niño y actividades que promueven la exploración abierta.
  • Proporciona una orientación limitada sobre cómo integrar plenamente las culturas y las lenguas maternas de los niños y las familias en las interacciones, el entorno de aprendizaje y las experiencias de aprendizaje.
  • Carece de orientación sobre cómo planear experiencias de aprendizaje que se basan en los intereses de los niños.
Website: https://www.pearsonschool.com/index.cfm?locator=PSZpNy

Detalles

Cost of Curriculum

OWL©2014 Conjunto integral de materiales Guías y componentes para el maestro, solo en inglés: $3,100.00

Cost of Professional Development

Los costos para el desarrollo profesional in situ y en línea no están disponibles públicamente en la página web del editor.

Comuníquese con el editor para obtener la información más actualizada sobre los costos del currículo y las ofertas actuales de desarrollo profesional.

Availability in Other Languages

Conjunto integral de materiales OWL 2011 en inglés y español: $3,300

Conjunto integral de materiales OWL 2011 en español con objetos didácticos manipulables: $3,400

Target Age

Programas preescolares basados en el centro para niños de 3 a 5 años

Curriculum Materials Reviewed by Raters

Todos los materiales de OWL© 2014 Conjunto integral de materiales Guías y componentes para el maestro, solo en inglés se compraron a finales de 2017 y se revisaron a principios de 2018. Entre estos materiales se encontraban:

  • Planificación y evaluación: Guía del maestro con el manual de desarrollo profesional,
  • ocho guías temáticas de enseñanza,
  • literatura para leer en voz alta,
  • tarjetas y carteles didácticos,
  • colección de CD-ROM (p. ej., recursos de Ollie para maestros y familias, juegos de aprendizaje),
  • ofertas de Pre-K en línea de OWL proporcionadas por el editor. 

Evaluación y valoraciones

¿Qué significan las valoraciones?

  • Four star rating graphic Evidencia completa
  • Three star rating graphic Evidencia moderada
  • Two star rating graphic Evidencia mínima
  • One star rating graphic Sin evidencia

Criterio 1

Base empírica para los resultados del niño

La evidencia empírica de la investigación demuestra que el currículo se ha asociado con los resultados positivos del aprendizaje de los niños. El currículo ha sido implementado y estudiado directamente en programas de la primera infancia, y la investigación ha demostrado efectos positivos y significativos en los resultados del desarrollo de los niños. Se han obtenido pruebas de eficacia en estudios de investigación rigurosos, como ensayos controlados aleatorizados o diseños de regresión discontinua. Los estudios de investigación sobre el currículo han incluido de manera óptima varios grupos diversos de niños y maestros.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

At the time of this review, several studies have evaluated OWL. The following selected studies contributed to the rating. The Enhanced Language and Literacy Success (ELLS) study investigated the impact of OWL as part of an Early Reading First Program, with additional curricular supports for emergent writing and DLLs (Wilson, Dickinson, & Rowe, 2013). The Boston Public Schools (BPS) preschool studies used OWL as the language and literacy curriculum and Building Blocks as the mathematics curriculum (Weiland, 2016; Weiland & Yoshikawa, 2013). Thus, the results should be interpreted with caution because it is impossible to separate the effects of the OWL curriculum from the other curriculum materials included in the evaluations. In addition, evaluations of the Georgia Summer Transition Program investigated six-week summer transition programs for children entering pre-kindergarten that used the English or the Spanish-English version of OWL (Maxwell, Yi, Kraus, & Hume, 2013; Early, LaForett, Kraus, & Hume, 2016).

Rigorous Research Design: The ELLS and BPS studies each used a regression discontinuity design, which is a rigorous quasi-experimental design. The Georgia Summer Transition Program evaluations each used a pre-post descriptive study design without a comparison group.

Sample and Generalizability: The samples in these studies were ethnically and racially diverse and included low-income children in public preschool classrooms.

Fidelity of Implementation: Teachers in the ELLS study participated in a two-day summer workshop, cross-site professional development meetings, school-based teacher study groups, and weekly coaching focused on implementing OWL and supporting emergent writing and DLLs. The ELLS study assessed fidelity during two classroom observations per year, and fidelity ranged from 60 to 90 percent by the second year of the program. Teachers in the BPS studies were in their second year of using the curriculum. They were offered five days of training in their first year of using the curriculum, and two days of training in their second year. In addition, teachers received weekly to biweekly coaching both years. The BPS coaches were trained on a fidelity instrument, and fidelity was moderately high. Teachers of the dual language Georgia Summer Transition Program participated in a one-day workshop that included an overview of OWL and training on culturally competent approaches to supporting DLLs and their families. This study did not report any measures of fidelity of implementation. Teachers in the Georgia Summer Transition Program that used the English version of OWL received training and support on arts education and activities. Information on fidelity of teachers to the curriculum was not provided.

Child Outcomes: The ELLS study of OWL with additional curricular supports found positive effects on some language and literacy outcomes for English speakers and DLLs. In the BPS evaluation, participating in public preschool classrooms that implemented the OWL and Building Blocks curricula was associated with positive child outcomes for language and early reading skills, emotional development, executive function skills, and mathematics. Similar positive effects resulted for children with special needs in the BPS study. Children who participated in the Georgia Summer Transition Program using the English version of OWL had statistically significant higher post-test scores than pre-test scores on nine measures of language and literacy development, color identification, and number naming, but not on counting. Similarly, in the Georgia Summer Transition Program that used the Spanish-English version of OWL, children had statistically significant higher Spanish and English vocabulary skills, but not mathematics skills.

References:

Early, D. M., LaForett, D. R., Kraus, S., & Hume, K., (2016). Evaluation findings from Georgia’s 2015 Rising Pre-Kindergarten Summer Transition Program. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, FPG Child Development Institute.

Maxwell, K., Yi, P., Kraus, S. and Hume, K. (2013). Evaluation Findings from Georgia’s 2012 Pre-K Summer Transition Program. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Weiland, C. (2016). Impacts of the Boston prekindergarten program on the school readiness of young children with special needs. Developmental Psychology, 52(11), 1763–1776. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000168

Weiland, C. & Yoshikawa, H. (2013). Impacts of a Prekindergarten Program on Children’s Mathematics, Language, Literacy, Executive Function, and Emotional Skills Child Development, November/December 2013, 84:6, Pages 2112–2130

Wilson, S. J., Dickinson, D.K., & Rowe, D.W. (2013). Impact of an Early Reading First program on the language and literacy achievement of children from diverse language backgrounds. Early Childhood Research Quarterly.

Criterio 2

Currículo basado en la investigación

El currículo proporciona contenido basado en la investigación y las prácticas de enseñanza para apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños. Un currículo basado en la investigación es consistente con la investigación acerca de cómo se desarrollan y aprenden los niños. Específicamente, proporciona contenido rico, prácticas de enseñanza y experiencias de aprendizaje que la investigación ha demostrado que son eficaces para apoyar el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños. Un currículo basado en la investigación se centra en contenido y habilidades específicas por dominio y es apropiado para el nivel de desarrollo, los cuales contribuyen al desarrollo de los niños a largo plazo en cada dominio.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Approaches to Learning: OWL promotes some research-based teaching practices to support the development of children's executive functioning skills and emotional and behavioral self-regulation. The curriculum provides guidance on classroom organization (e.g., predictable schedules and tips for transitions) and classroom management strategies (e.g., establishing classroom rules and using visual representation of a daily schedule). Children have daily opportunities to choose learning centers. Activities in the centers support children as they learn to regulate their behavior. However, the curriculum lacks ample opportunities for child-initiated play, activities based on children's interests, and ones that promote open-ended exploration, all of which research shows are important for supporting children's attention, persistence, curiosity, and creativity.

Social and Emotional Development: OWL promotes some research-based teaching practices in this domain. The Teacher Guides provide weekly guidance focused on promoting social and emotional development, an intentional approach to a sequence of learning experiences in this domain, and ways to support children as they learn to regulate their behavior. The Social Emotional Handbook offers 10 "Let's Talk About It" lessons that address specific social and emotional learning goals. Collectively, these structured activities support children as they learn to regulate their emotions, help teachers use language intentionally to support social and emotional development, and guide children to use social problem-solving. However, the curriculum provides limited guidance on establishing an emotionally supportive environment, building secure, trusting adult-child relationships, and using culturally and linguistically responsive practices.

Language and Communication: OWL consistently promotes research-based teaching practices to support children's language and communication. For example, the daily routines and activities described in the Teacher Guides provide children with a variety of formal and informal opportunities to engage in rich oral language opportunities with adults and peers. "Make Every Moment Count" prompts include specific questions and prompts for teachers to facilitate conversations with children during daily routines (e.g., mealtime). The Teacher Guides and Story Time Cards describe ways to engage children in daily, interactive read-alouds that allow children to hear, use, and understand complex language. To support children's vocabulary development, each unit in the curriculum provides weekly lists of oral vocabulary words (e.g., concept words and academic vocabulary), intentional strategies, and visual supports (e.g., vocabulary cards) for teaching these words within the context of the unit.

Literacy: OWL consistently promotes research-based teaching practices to support children's literacy development. It integrates varied, meaningful reading and writing learning experiences throughout each unit of the curriculum. The Teacher Guides and Story Time Cards offer research-based teaching practices to support literacy learning during daily read-alouds, such as asking various types of questions, connecting the story to children's lives, and retelling to aid comprehension. "Today's News" integrates additional research-based teaching practices, such as engaging in shared writing, examining concepts about print, and building alphabet knowledge.

Mathematics Development: The curriculum consistently promotes research-based teaching practices to support children's development of mathematical concepts and skills. Intentionally planned, daily math learning activities are offered through Math Small Groups, the Math Learning Center, and other routine activities (e.g., transitions, circle time). The curriculum provides detailed guidance on how to introduce children to key mathematical concepts and offers many opportunities to practice mathematical skills and concepts. Additionally, the curriculum consistently introduces children to the language of mathematics. Concept word and academic vocabulary lists include relevant mathematical terms, and guidance is provided for teachers on modeling and facilitating math talk with children.

Scientific Reasoning: The curriculum provides some research-based teaching strategies to support children's development of scientific reasoning. OWL provides science experiences through the Science Lab Center, science circle, and demonstrations that facilitate the development of inquiry skills such as making observations, asking questions, and gathering information. Throughout these experiences, children are encouraged to document and share their findings. A limitation is that science activities, even within the science center, are only teacher-directed, leaving little room for teachers to build on children's previous experiences and interests or facilitate open-ended investigation.

Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development: OWL promotes a few research-based teaching practices to support children's Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development. The curriculum frequently engages children in a variety of movement experiences, such as "Sing and Move" activities during morning meeting. It also supports fine motor development through daily experiences in the art and writing centers. However, the curriculum lacks consistent guidance on using intentional teaching practices to support the development of physical and self-care skills and personal safety knowledge. In addition, the curriculum lacks guidance on creating a safe outdoor environment that encourages physical activity.

Criterio 3

Alcance y secuencia

El currículo incluye un alcance y una secuencia organizados del desarrollo para apoyar el aprendizaje de los niños. El alcance y la secuencia describen en qué se enfoca el currículo y de qué manera los planes y los materiales apoyan a los niños en los diferentes niveles del desarrollo. El alcance se refiere a las áreas de desarrollo abordadas en el currículo; la secuencia incluye planes y materiales para experiencias de aprendizaje que van progresivamente de menor a mayor complejidad, con la meta de apoyar a los niños mientras avanzan a través de las progresiones del desarrollo. Un currículo rico en contenido garantiza que las secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje incluyan múltiples oportunidades relacionadas para que los niños exploren un concepto o una habilidad con una profundidad cada vez mayor. Las secuencias de experiencias de aprendizaje deben ser flexibles para responder a los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades individuales de los niños.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Scope: OWL clearly identifies 10 developmental domains: Social and Emotional Development, Language and Communication, Emergent Literacy: Reading, Emergent Literacy: Writing, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Fine Arts, Technology, and Physical Development. Each Teacher Guide provides detailed guidance for daily lesson plans and learning activities to support children's development in these domains. The Social Emotional Handbook provides additional activities for social and emotional development.

Sequence: OWL provides a sequence of learning experiences that progressively builds children's knowledge and skills as they move through the developmental progressions in the domains of Language and Communication, Literacy, Mathematics, and Scientific Reasoning. In addition, the curriculum consistently provides suggestions (e.g., "Make It Easier!" and "Make It Harder!") on how to individualize the sequence of learning experiences based on children's individual strengths and needs. However, for some aspects of Approaches to Learning, Social and Emotional Development, and Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development, it is unclear how the sequences of learning experiences gradually build children's skills as they move through the developmental progressions. In these domains, the curriculum lacks a variety of experiences necessary to provide children with ample opportunities to progressively build a skill in a particular area.

Criterio 4

Alineación con el Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF)

El currículo está alineado con el Marco de Head Start sobre los resultados del aprendizaje temprano de los niños (ELOF, sigla en inglés). Alinear un currículo con el ELOF determina el grado en que los dominios y subdominios del ELOF se abordan en el currículo. Los currículos que están totalmente alineados con el ELOF son integrales y abarcan todas las áreas de aprendizaje y desarrollo de los niños descritas en el ELOF.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Alignment with the ELOF: A thorough review of all the curriculum materials in relation to the Head Start Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) domains and sub-domains indicates that OWL is mostly aligned with the ELOF. The learning experiences described in the Teacher Guides support children across the majority of ELOF sub-domains. The learning centers (e.g., Science Lab, Math Center, and Art Center) also provide opportunities for children to practice domain-specific skills. Even so, the following sub-domains are not fully covered in the curriculum: Initiative and Curiosity; Relationships with Adults; Relationships with Children; Emotional Functioning; Sense of Identity and Belonging; Gross Motor Development; and Health, Safety, and Nutrition.

Criterio 5

Metas de aprendizaje para los niños

El currículo especifica metas de aprendizaje para los niños. Las metas de aprendizaje del currículo son objetivos para el desarrollo y el aprendizaje de los niños en todos los dominios. Las metas de aprendizaje deben ser medibles y apropiadas para el desarrollo. Las metas de aprendizaje medibles se centran en habilidades, comportamientos y conocimientos que son observables; las metas de aprendizaje apropiadas para el desarrollo son consistentes con las progresiones de desarrollo bien establecidas. Los maestros deben ser capaces de utilizar las metas de aprendizaje de un currículo para individualizar las experiencias de aprendizaje para todos los niños, como para niños de diversas culturas, niños que aprenden en dos idiomas (DLL, sigla en inglés), niños que están aprendiendo lenguas tribales y niños con discapacidades u otras necesidades especiales.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Learning Goals: The Planning and Assessment Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook lists measurable, developmentally appropriate learning goals organized by the domains of learning and development. Each of the learning centers and small and large group activities specifies the learning goals supported in the activities. Overall, most of the learning activities support children in making progress towards these learning goals. However, the curriculum lacks guidance on how to use the learning goals with diverse children or how to use the learning goals to individualize for all children.

Criterio 6

Evaluación continua del niño

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre la evaluación continua de los niños. La evaluación continua del niño es el proceso de reunir información para comprender y apoyar el desarrollo de los niños a lo largo del tiempo. La información recopilada a través de la observación y la documentación ayuda a programar la planificación curricular, la enseñanza y la individualización para todos los niños. La evaluación continua del niño también se puede utilizar para llevar a cabo periódicamente instrumentos de evaluación estandarizados y estructurados para evaluar el progreso del desarrollo de los niños.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Ongoing Observation and Documentation: The curriculum provides specific guidance embedded throughout the materials for teachers to monitor, document, and reflect on children's development. The Annotated Lesson includes "Review and Check: Monitor Progress in OWL." It guides teachers to use progress-monitoring assessment tools, observation checklists, and prompts that monitor children's oral vocabulary development. For each week, the Teacher Guides provide an overview of which "success predictors for kindergarten" (e.g., letter sounds, recognize and compare lengths, vocabulary words) will be monitored. Lesson plans for small group, literacy circle, and story time have "Monitor Progress" prompts that guide teachers around what language, literacy, and math skills to assess and how. For example, after introducing a concept word (e.g., "hospital") during literacy circle, the curriculum provides questions to assess children's understanding of the word (e.g., "Why do people go to a hospital?"). In addition, the curriculum gives specific guidance on how to use assessment information for curriculum planning. While the curriculum provides structured tools and checklists for monitoring children's progress, it lacks guidance on how to observe and document children's development and learning as part of everyday interactions and routines (e.g., anecdotal records, work samples).

Standardized and Structured Assessment Instruments: OWL describes and provides a handful of structured assessment tools, such as a screening, observation checklists for each domain, progress monitoring assessment tools, and an end-of-the-year assessment. The curriculum encourages programs to use these assessment tools. However, the tools are not standardized (e.g., valid or reliable), and there is no guidance in the curriculum on how to select and use standardized and structured assessment instruments.

Criterio 7

Compromiso de los padres y las familias

El currículo promueve el compromiso de los padres y la familia. El compromiso de los padres y la familia es un proceso basado en la colaboración y las fortalezas a través del cual los maestros de la primera infancia, las familias y los niños desarrollan relaciones positivas y orientadas a una meta. Es una responsabilidad compartida de las familias y el personal que se construye sobre el respeto mutuo por los roles y las fortalezas que cada uno tiene para ofrecer. El currículo proporciona estrategias cultural y lingüísticamente receptivas para comunicarse con las familias y para involucrar a las familias en el aprendizaje de los niños.

Two star rating graphicEvidencia mínima

Communicating with Families: The Planning and Assessment Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook mentions that children learn best when home and school work together. However, the curriculum provides minimal guidance and few strategies for communicating with families. The CD-ROM, Ollie's Resources for Teachers and Families, provides letters for families about the curriculum's learning experiences. The curriculum provides little guidance on how to learn from families about children's development. While the newsletters and take-home books for families are translated into Spanish, there is no further specific guidance on how to communicate with families in culturally and linguistically responsive ways.

Engaging Families: The curriculum provides multiple resources to support parent and family engagement in their children's learning and development. For example, the "Family Time Newsletters" (available in English and Spanish) not only explain what children are learning in school, but also provide some activities to do in the home to extend children's learning. The curriculum also provides "Take-Home Books" for parents to read with their children, as well as guidance for "Family Workshops" to help parents support their children's learning at home. While the resources on parent and family engagement are plentiful, there is no guidance on how to engage parents from diverse cultures, parents who speak languages other than English or Spanish, and parents with disabilities or other special needs.

Criterio 8

Desarrollo profesional y materiales para apoyar la implementación

El currículo ofrece desarrollo profesional y materiales para apoyar la implementación y la mejora continua. El desarrollo profesional incluye la adquisición de los conocimientos y las habilidades requeridas para la implementación eficaz de un currículo. Los procedimientos de capacitación estandarizados incluyen formación inicial y continua para apoyar al personal de educación a medida que aprenden a implementar un currículo con fidelidad. Los procedimientos de capacitación estandarizados proporcionan contenido uniforme y métodos de impartición en las sesiones de capacitación. Los materiales del currículo para apoyar la implementación de los mismos incluyen recursos que vienen con un currículo para ayudar al personal docente a entender cómo utilizarlo. Los materiales pueden incluir también recursos para ayudar a los gerentes de educación y a los instructores a apoyar al personal docente para que implementen el currículo de manera eficaz.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Professional Development: OWL offers both one- and two-day in-person Product Implementation trainings at an additional cost. Ongoing professional development and trainings feature a range of courses, including half-, full-, and multiple-day courses offered in person for an additional fee. The publisher provides free online webinars on topics such as modeling positive behaviors. Coaching and Modeling, Lesson Study, and Consultative Services are also available at an additional cost.

Curriculum Materials to Support Implementation: OWL includes a comprehensive set of materials to support implementation. The Planning and Assessment Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook provides an overview of the curriculum components, such as the Teacher Guides, Units 1–8, literature to read aloud, digital resources, teaching cards and posters, and manipulatives (optional for purchase). It includes information on setting up the learning environment, schedules and routines, and designing learning centers. The Teacher Guides provide daily lesson plans for each theme that describe the content and strategies for implementation (e.g., goals for the activities, vocabulary, and scaffolding strategies).

  • Fidelity Tool: OWL does not include a fidelity tool.

Criterio 9

Interacciones y experiencias de aprendizaje

El currículo promueve experiencias de aprendizaje e interacciones valiosas para apoyar el desarrollo entre los dominios. Las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas apoyan y amplían el conocimiento, la comprensión de los conceptos y las habilidades de los niños en todos los dominios. A medida que los niños exploran activamente su entorno de aprendizaje al manipular objetos e investigar conceptos, los maestros interactúan con ellos para ampliar su exploración, pensamiento y comunicación. El currículo les ofrece a los niños numerosas oportunidades para participar en la exploración práctica y les proporciona a los maestros orientación sobre cómo extender la exploración, el pensamiento y la comunicación de los niños. Las experiencias de aprendizaje valiosas deben ser cultural y lingüísticamente receptivas e inclusivas para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Active Exploration: The Planning and Assessment Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook describes the importance of hands-on exploration for children's learning (e.g., children experiment, explore, and engage in purposeful and playful learning experiences, and develop academically, socially, and emotionally). A limitation of the activities described in the Teacher Guides is they do not provide children with ample opportunities to actively engage in open-ended, hands-on exploration. All activities, including learning centers, are structured and give specific directions about what children are to do in the center. Children have little opportunity to engage with materials in open-ended ways or create and experiment with materials.

Interactions that Extend Children's Learning: The curriculum's learning activities do not provide guidance on how to use interactions to extend children's learning. While the "Questions of the Week" are open-ended (e.g., "What are desert animals like?"), there is no guidance on how to extend children's thinking and communication around these topics. The learning experiences are didactic and do not include open-ended questions or prompts to help children make connections to their own experiences. For example, children are provided with concept word cards related to the desert. Pairs of children are asked to talk about which animals listed in the word cards are desert animals and if they also live in the jungle. Then, a few children share, "What was on your card? Does it live in the jungle, too?"

Individualization: The curriculum provides specific guidance on how to individualize learning experiences for all children. Many of the learning activities provide suggestions to "Make It Easier!" or "Make It Harder!" and include scaffolding strategies to support children who are DLLs. The curriculum provides "Make It Easier!" prompts as well as guidance in Adaptations for Children with Special Needs to support children with special needs in specific activities and during each part of the daily schedule (e.g., morning meeting, center time, small groups). In addition, the curriculum includes "English Language Development" lessons with supports for children who are at various levels of English language proficiency. There is no guidance on how to incorporate children's cultures throughout learning activities or learning centers.

Criterio 10

Entornos de aprendizaje y rutinas

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo configurar entornos de aprendizaje valiosos y rutinas apropiadas para el desarrollo. Los entornos de aprendizaje valiosos son espacios que fomentan y apoyan el desarrollo de todos los niños pequeños. El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo diseñar horarios apropiados para el desarrollo, las rutinas y las oportunidades en el interior o al aire libre que proveen opciones para elegir, jugar, explorar y experimentar. Los entornos de aprendizaje incluyen equipos, materiales y suministros apropiados de acuerdo a la edad. También reflejan las culturas del hogar y son lo suficientemente flexibles como para apoyar los cambios de edad, intereses y características de un grupo de niños a través del tiempo.

Three star rating graphicEvidencia moderada

Environment: OWL provides guidance on how to design a well-organized, engaging indoor environment that supports all children's development in the ELOF domains. For example, the Planning and Assessment: Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook includes a sample floor plan for setting up the indoor physical space and learning centers with tips on creating a print-rich environment and center management. There is no guidance on how to set up the outdoor learning environment. Adaptations for Children with Special Needs provides some information on using visuals in the physical environment to support children with specific disabilities or special needs but lacks specific guidance on ensuring the environment is accessible. The curriculum does not provide guidance on how to include children's home languages and cultures in the physical environment.

Learning Materials: For each unit, the Teacher Guides provide lists of "materials to gather from home and classroom" and suggestions for using the provided and recommended learning materials in specific activities and learning centers. The OWL Manipulative Kit is available at an additional cost. While some of the included learning materials (e.g., Take-Home Books) are provided in Spanish, the curriculum lacks guidance on how to select learning materials that authentically represent the cultures, ethnicities, and home languages of children in the program. There is limited guidance for ensuring the learning materials meet the unique needs of children with disabilities and other special needs.

Schedule and Routines: The curriculum provides guidance on how to establish a daily schedule and developmentally appropriate routines. The Planning and Assessment: Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook provides sample daily schedules for part- and full-day programs. The resource describes the various parts of a typical day: morning meeting, literacy circle, center time, small groups, story time, science and social studies circle, math circle, and management routines (e.g., clean up, wash hands). The organization of the Teacher Guides reiterates the suggested schedule. However, the curriculum lacks discussion on how to adjust schedules and routines based on children's needs and backgrounds.

Criterio 11

Receptividad cultural

El currículo apoya la receptividad cultural. La receptividad cultural es un enfoque basado en fortalezas para la enseñanza y el cuidado arraigado en el respeto y aprecio por el papel que desempeña la cultura en el aprendizaje y el desarrollo de los niños. Un currículo culturalmente receptivo les indica a los maestros que aprendan acerca de las fortalezas, habilidades, experiencias e intereses de cada niño según se desarrollan en la familia y la cultura del niño. El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo modificar y mejorar los planes y materiales del currículo para aprovechar estas fortalezas, habilidades, experiencias e intereses con el objetivo de incorporar la cultura de cada niño en el aula.

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Interactions: The Planning and Assessment: Teacher's Guide with Professional Development alludes to the importance of incorporating knowledge of family and home culture into the curriculum. It includes a section on "Common First Languages." For some languages, there is reference to "culture clues" that may influence communication (e.g., "Korean has a complex system of honorifics, so it is unusual for Korean students to use the pronoun ‘you’ or call their teachers by their first name."). However, the curriculum does not provide more specific guidance or strategies on how to engage in culturally responsive interactions with diverse children and families.

Learning Experiences: "Daily Team Talk" and "Turn and Talk" activities provide opportunities for children to share information about themselves and their families. In addition, the "Connecting with Families" section of the Planning and Assessment: Teacher's Guide with Professional Development briefly reminds teachers to encourage family members to visit and share cultural traditions, a practice that acknowledges diverse cultures and ethnicities. However, the curriculum lacks specific guidance on how to modify or plan learning experiences that authentically build on children's cultures.

Learning Environment: The curriculum provides some learning materials that reflect diverse children and families (e.g., books), but it does not provide guidance on how to select and use learning materials that authentically represent the cultures and ethnicities of children and families in the program.

Criterio 12

Receptividad lingüística

El currículo apoya la receptividad lingüística. La receptividad lingüística se refiere a las prácticas de enseñanza que apoyan el aprendizaje, el desarrollo y la participación de los niños de diversos orígenes lingüísticos. Incluye apoyos para el desarrollo continuo del idioma del hogar o de las lenguas tribales de los niños, al incorporar auténticamente el idioma de los niños en el entorno de aprendizaje. Además, las prácticas lingüísticamente receptivas pueden facilitar la adquisición del inglés. El currículo proporciona estrategias de andamios cognitivos para apoyar a los niños en cualquier nivel de conocimiento del inglés para participar plenamente en las experiencias de aprendizaje del currículo.

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Scaffolding Strategies: The curriculum provides specific, research-based scaffolding strategies. They are embedded throughout the learning activities in the Teacher Guides to support the development and learning of children who are DLLs. In addition, the curriculum provides weekly "English Language Development" lessons with scaffolding strategies for children at beginning, intermediate, advanced, and advanced high levels of English language proficiency. Finally, the Planning and Assessment: Teacher's Guide with Professional Development Handbook includes an "Introduction to Linguistics," information about common first languages, and a chart comparing consonant sounds in English and other languages.

Home and Tribal Languages: OWL provides some classroom materials translated into Spanish, such as Take-Home Books, Amazing Word Cards, Concept Word Cards, and Learning Strips for Classroom Routines. In the context of English language development lessons, teachers are guided to use the children's home language to support the development of English. However, the curriculum lacks guidance on how to authentically incorporate home languages into learning experiences and environment. Tribal languages are not addressed.

Criterio 13

Individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospecha de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales

El currículo proporciona orientación sobre cómo individualizar para los niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales. La individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales incluye proporcionar apoyos más especializados para que los niños accedan y participen en el aprendizaje, las experiencias sociales y las actividades. La orientación del currículo para apoyos especializados abarca prácticas específicas de enseñanza y formas de interactuar con los niños, así como adaptaciones a los horarios diarios, actividades de aprendizaje y el entorno de aprendizaje. La individualización para niños con discapacidades, sospechas de retrasos u otras necesidades especiales permite a todos los niños acceder, participar y prosperar en los entornos de aprendizaje temprano.

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Teaching Practices and Interventions: The curriculum provides guidance on how to embed teaching practices and other interventions in daily routines and activities to support the learning of children with disabilities or other special needs. Each unit includes several "Make It Easier!" prompts that provide guidance on how to differentiate instruction and scaffold learning for children who have special needs. In addition to general classroom suggestions (e.g., provide extra scaffolding, adjust motor activities, and utilize visual supports), Adaptations for Children with Special Needs also provides strategies throughout the daily routine to support children with specific disabilities or needs. This includes suggestions for adapting circle times, center time, and other parts of the day for children with cognitive delays, language delays, and children on the autism spectrum, as well as for children who have motor delays and sensory needs.

Learning Environment: OWL provides some guidance on how to ensure the physical environment and learning materials are accessible to children with disabilities, suspected delays, and other special needs. For example, Adaptations for Children with Special Needs provides a few strategies to ensure the physical environment and learning materials are accessible to children with specific disabilities during certain parts of the daily routine (e.g., using a visual schedule, adding photos to text labels). However, the curriculum lacks overall guidance on how to ensure the physical environment is accessible to all children (e.g., universal design principles) and more specific examples of how to adapt learning materials embedded throughout the curriculum activities and learning centers.

Criterio 14

Individualización basada en intereses, fortalezas y necesidades

El currículo ofrece orientación sobre cómo individualizar en función de los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades de los niños. La individualización es un proceso de planificación e implementación de experiencias de aprendizaje que responden a los intereses, las fortalezas y las necesidades de cada niño. Los maestros reflexionan sobre sus observaciones de cada niño y luego planifican las formas más eficaces de apoyar el aprendizaje y desarrollo de cada niño. Cuando las experiencias de aprendizaje se adaptan a los intereses de los niños, son más atractivas y significativas para ellos. Debido a que los niños pueden variar en sus progresiones del desarrollo, también es importante que el currículo apoye a los maestros en la planificación de experiencias de aprendizaje que respondan a las fortalezas y necesidades individuales de los niños.

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Individualization Based on Interests: OWL does not offer guidance on how to plan learning experiences that build on individual children's interests. While children may select their center time activities, all learning experiences, including centers, are pre-planned, without guidance on how to modify them based on individual children's interests.

Individualization Based on Strengths and Needs: The curriculum provides a variety of strategies to make learning experiences responsive to individual children's strengths and needs. For example, Teacher Guides provide ways to individualize learning through "Make It Easier!" and "Make It Harder!" prompts for different lessons across the units.