Caring for Our Children Basics

Caring for Our Children Basics represents the minimum health and safety standards necessary where children are cared for outside of their home.  These standards seek to reduce the redundancy cross standards with multiple funding streams. For the PDF version of Caring for Our Children Basics

Acknowledgements
Introduction

1. Staffing
Ratios for Centers and Family Child Care Home (1.1.1.1 -1.1.1.5)
Background Screening (1.2.0.2)
Pre-service Training/Orientation (1.4.1.1/1.4.2.3)
First Aid and CPR Training for Staff (1.4.3.1)
Continuing Education for Directors, Caregivers/Teachers in Centers, and Family Child Care Homes (1.4.4.1/1.4.4.2)
Child Abuse and Neglect Education (1.4.5.2)

2. Program Activities for Healthy Development
Monitoring Children's Development/Obtaining Consent for Screening (2.1.1.4)
Personal Caregiver/Teacher Relationships for Birth to Five-Year-Olds (2.1.2.1/2.1.3.1)
Methods of Supervision of Children (2.2.0.1)
Supervision near Water (2.2.0.4)
Preventing Expulsions, Suspensions, and Other Limitations in Services (2.2.0.8)
Prohibited Caregiver/Teacher Behaviors (2.2.0.9)

3. Health Promotion and Protection
Active Opportunities for Physical Activity (3.1.3.1)
Safe Sleep Practices and SIDS Risk Reduction (3.1.4.1)
Routine Oral Hygiene Activities (3.1.5.1)
Diaper Changing Procedure (3.2.1.4)
Situations that Require Hand Hygiene (3.2.2.1)
Prevention of Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids (3.2.3.4)
Routine Cleaning, Sanitizing, and Disinfecting (3.3.0.1)
Use of Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illegal Drugs (3.4.1.1)
Emergency Procedures (3.4.3.1)
Recognizing and Reporting Suspected Child Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation (3.4.4.1)
Preventing and Identifying Shaken Baby Syndrome and Abusive Head Trauma (3.4.4.3)
Sun Safety Including Sunscreen (3.4.5.1)
Strangulation Hazards (3.4.6.1)
Care Plan for Children with Special Health Care Needs (3.5.0.1)
Inclusion/Exclusion/Dismissal of Children (3.6.1.1)
Infectious Disease Outbreak Control (3.6.1.4)
Medication Administration and Storage (3.6.3.1/3.6.3.2)
Training of Caregivers/Teachers to Administer Medication (3.6.3.3)

4. Nutrition and Food Service
Use of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) Guidelines (4.2.0.3)
Availability of Drinking Water (4.2.0.6)
Care for Children with Food Allergies (4.2.0.10)
Preparing, Feeding, and Storing Human Milk (4.3.1.3)
Preparing, Feeding, and Storing Infant Formula (4.3.1.5)
Warming Bottles and Infant Foods (4.3.1.9)
Foods that Are Choking Hazards (4.5.0.10)
Food Preparation Area Access (4.8.0.1)
Compliance with U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Food Code and State and Local Rules (4.9.0.1)

5. Facilities, Supplies, Equipment, and Environmental Health
Inspection of Buildings (5.1.1.2)
Compliance with Fire Prevention Code (5.1.1.3)
Environmental Audit of Site Location (5.1.1.5)
Guardrails and Protective Barriers (5.1.6.6)
Safety Covers and Shock Protection Devices for Electrical Outlets (5.2.4.2)
Location of Electrical Devices near Water (5.2.4.4)
Integrated Pest Management (5.2.8.1)
Use and Storage of Toxic Substances (5.2.9.1)
Carbon Monoxide Detectors (5.2.9.5)
Safety of Equipment, Materials, and Furnishings (5.3.1.1/5.5.0.6/5.5.0.7)
Availability and Use of a Telephone or Wireless Communication Device (5.3.1.12)
Cribs and Play Yards (5.4.5.2)
Firearms (5.5.0.8)
First Aid and Emergency Supplies (5.6.0.1)

6. Play Areas/Playgrounds and Transportation
Location of Play Areas near Bodies of Water/ Enclosures for Outdoor Play Areas/Enclosure of Bodies of Water (6.1.0.6/6.1.0.8/6.3.1.1)
Prohibited Surfaces for Placing Climbing Equipment (6.2.3.1)
Inspection of Indoor and Outdoor Play Areas and Equipment (6.2.5.1)
Lifesaving Equipment (6.3.2.1)
Water in Containers (6.3.5.2)
Qualifications for Drivers (6.5.1.2)
Child Passenger Safety (6.5.2.2)
Interior Temperature of Vehicles (6.5.2.4)
Passenger Vans (6.5.3.1)

7. Infectious Disease
Immunization Documentation (7.2.0.1)
Unimmunized Children (7.2.0.2)
Immunization of Caregivers/Teachers (7.2.0.3)

9. Policies
Written Plan and Training for Handling Urgent Medical Care or Threatening Incidents (9.2.4.1)
Disaster Planning, Training and Communication/Emergency and Evacuation Drills (9.2.4.3/9.2.4.5)
Sign-In/Sign-Out System (9.2.4.7)
Authorized Persons to Pick Up Child (9.2.4.8)
Record of Valid License, Certificate, or Registration of Facility or Family Child Care Home (9.4.1.12)
Contents of Child Records (9.4.2.1)
Frequency of Inspections for Child Care Centers and Family Child Care Homes (10.4.2.1)

Resources Consulted in Development

Topic:Health Services Management

Keywords:Health and wellnessPlay spaceNutritionChild diseases and disorders

Resource Type: Article

National Centers: Early Childhood Health and Wellness

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