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Prohibited Caregiver/Teacher Behaviors

The following behaviors should be prohibited in all early care and education settings:

a) The use of corporal punishment\ including, but not limited to:

i. Hitting, spanking, shaking, slapping, twisting, pulling, squeezing, or biting;

ii. Demanding excessive physical exercise, excessive rest, or strenuous or bizarre postures;

iii. Compelling a child to eat or have in his/her mouth soap, food, spices, or foreign substances;

iv. Exposing a child to extremes of temperature.

b) Isolating a child in an adjacent room, hallway, closet, darkened area, play area, or any other area where a child cannot be seen or supervised;

c) Binding, tying to restrict movement, or taping the mouth;

d) Using or withholding food or beverages as a punishment;

e) Toilet learning/training methods that punish, demean, or humiliate a child;

f) Any form of emotional abuse, including rejecting, terrorizing, extended ignoring, isolating, or corrupting a child;

g) Any abuse or maltreatment of a child;

h) Abusive, profane, or sarcastic language or verbal abuse, threats, or derogatory remarks about the child or child’s family;

i) Any form of public or private humiliation, including threats of physical punishment2;

j) Physical activity/outdoor time taken away as punishment;

k) Placing a child in a crib for a time-out or for disciplinary reasons.

2 Determinations of safety concerns must be based on actual risks, best available objective evidence, and cannot be based on stereotypes or generalizations.

Topic:Health Services Management

Resource Type: Article

National Centers: Early Childhood Health and Wellness

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