Head Start Program Fact Sheet Fiscal Year 2005

Fiscal Year 2005

 
FY 2004 Actual
FY 2005 Appropriation
Local Head Start Projects    
Projects in States and Territories
$6,090,967,000
$6,153,287,000
American Indian and Migrant Programs
$451,325,000
$456,003,000
Subtotal
$6,542,292,000
$6,609,290,000
Support Activities    
Training and Technical Assistance
$172,371,000
$174,078,000
Research, Demonstration and Evaluation
$20,000,000
$20,000,000
Monitoring/Program Review
$39,246,000
$39,746,000
Subtotal
$231,617,000
$233,824,000
                 TOTAL
$6,773,909,000
$6,843,114,000


ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES
Head Start Bureau
330 C Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20447

Head Start Logo

March, 2005
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Head Start Bureau, the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACFY), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau's American Indian and Migrant Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY-2004 Program Statistics

ENROLLMENT
905,851
     Ages:  
     Number of 5 year olds and older
5%
     Number of 4 year olds
52%
     Number of 3 year olds
34%
     Number under 3 years of age
9%
     Racial/Ethnic Composition  
     American Indian and Alaska Native
3.1%
     Hispanic/Latino
31.2%
     Black/African American
31.1%
     White
26.9%
     Asian
1.8%
     Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
0.9%
     Multi-Racial/Other
5.0%

NUMBER OF GRANTEES
1,604

     Number of Classrooms
48,260
     Number of Centers
20,050

AVERAGE COST PER CHILD
$7,222
PAID STAFF
211,950
VOLUNTEERS
1,353,000
During the 2003-2004 Head Start Program Year:

  • 12.7 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • More than 50,000 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 27 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Over 880,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 91 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 83 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • The 1994 reauthorization of the Head Start Act established a new Early Head Start program for low-income families with infants and toddlers. In Fiscal Year 2004, nearly $677 million was used to support more than 650 programs to provide Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 179,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.
  • 115 Head Start and Early Head Start Programs were sponsored by faith-based organizations.
FY 2005 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE
2004 Funding
Enrollment
ALABAMA
$105,500,307
16,374
ALASKA
$12,352,697
1,634
ARIZONA
$102,022,603
13,215
ARKANSAS
$63,808,419
10,879
CALIFORNIA
$823,694,368
98,933
COLORADO
$67,676,158
9,820
CONNECTICUT
$51,400,659
7,148
DELAWARE
$12,770,909
2,197
District of Columbia
$24,864,991
3,403
FLORIDA
$260,307,421
35,574
GEORGIA
$166,837,016
23,450
HAWAII
$22,664,976
3,063
IDAHO
$22,410,937
2,957
ILLINOIS
$267,111,453
39,672
INDIANA
$95,093,413
14,234
IOWA
$51,049,850
7,775
KANSAS
$50,433,097
7,949
KENTUCKY
$106,799,358
16,071
LOUISIANA
$144,497,478
21,982
MAINE
$27,343,732
3,979
MARYLAND
$77,277,126
10,344
MASSACHUSETTS
$107,298,837
13,011
MICHIGAN
$232,214,668
35,124
MINNESOTA
$71,119,492
10,339
MISSISSIPPI
$160,120,548
26,754
MISSOURI
$117,837,078
17,473
MONTANA
$20,746,775
2,945
NEBRASKA
$35,709,352
5,080
NEVADA
$23,698,194
2,754
NEW HAMPSHIRE
$13,257,126
1,632
NEW JERSEY
$127,761,210
15,130
NEW MEXICO
$51,789,732
7,451
NEW YORK
$430,086,285
49,300
NORTH CAROLINA
$139,359,686
19,098
NORTH DAKOTA
$17,009,140
2,353
OHIO
$244,101,839
38,029
OKLAHOMA
$80,249,056
13,474
OREGON
$58,892,507
8,716
PENNSYLVANIA
$226,002,253
30,868
RHODE ISLAND
$21,802,422
3,150
SOUTH CAROLINA
$81,718,067
12,248
SOUTH DAKOTA
$18,643,605
2,827
TENNESSEE
$118,216,822
16,437
TEXAS
$474,091,773
67,785
UTAH
$37,398,515
5,518
VERMONT
$13,428,786
1,569
VIRGINIA
$98,142,388
13,768
WASHINGTON
$100,192,902
11,118
WEST VIRGINIA
$50,152,151
7,650
WISCONSIN
$89,783,879
13,532
WYOMING
$12,252,314
1,793
INDIAN TRIBES
$186,704,429
23,737
MIGRANT PROGRAMS
$264,620,660
33,154
OUTER PACIFIC
$7,261,843
3,060
PUERTO RICO
$246,791,885
37,498
VIRGIN ISLANDS
$7,919,222
942
HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR
ENROLLMENT
APPROPRIATION
1965 (Summer only)
561,000
$ 96,400,000
1966
733,000
198,900,000
1967
681,400
349,200,000
1968
693,900
316,200,000
1969
663,600
333,900,000
1970
477,400
325,700,000
1971
397,500
360,000,000
1972
379,000
376,300,000
1973
379,000
400,700,000
1974
352,800
403,900,000
1975
349,000
403,900,000
1976
349,000
441,000,000
1977
333,000
475,000,000
1978
391,400
625,000,000
1979
387,500
680,000,000
1980
376,300
735,000,000
1981
387,300
818,700,000
1982
395,800
911,700,000
1983
414,950
912,000,000
1984
442,140
995,750,000
1985
452,080
1,075,059,000
1986
451,732
1,040,315,000
1987
446,523
1,130,542,000
1988
448,464
1,206,324,000
1989
450,970
1,235,000,000
1990
540,930
1,552,000,000
1991
583,471
1,951,800,000
1992
621,078
2,201,800,000
1993
713,903
2,776,286,000
1994
740,493
3,325,728,000
1995
750,696
3,534,128,000
1996
752,077
3,569,329,000
1997
793,809
3,980,546,000
1998
822,316
4,347,433,000
1999
826,016
4,658,151,448
2000
857,664
5,267,000,000
2001
905,235
6,200,000,000
2002
912,345
6,536,570,000
2003
909,608
6,667,533,000
2004
*905,851
6,774,848,000

*Head Start has discontinued funding to four Outer Pacific grantees which, through the Compact of Free Association, have became independent nations and are no longer funded by the Administration for Children and Families. These four programs served approximately 3,200 children.
The Head Start program has enrolled more than 22 million children since it began in 1965.

Head Start Program Fact Sheet. HHS/ACF/OHS. 2005. English.

Last Reviewed: February 2011

Last Updated: September 22, 2014