Head Start Program Fact Sheet Fiscal Year 2009

Fiscal Year 2009

FY 2008 Actual FY 2009 Appropriation
Local Head Start Projects
Projects in States and Territories $6,169,256,494 $6,358,232,508
American Indian-Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Programs $474,604,336 $509,733,842
Subtotal $6,643,860,830 $6,867,966,350
Support Activities
Training and Technical Assistance $174,928,304 $180,819,650
Research, Demonstration and Evaluation $19,752,234 $20,000,000
Program Support $38,590,000 $42,000,000
Subtotal $233,270,538 $244,819,6501
Head Start, Recovery Act2 [$1,000,000,000]
Early Head Start, Recovery Act [$1,100,000,000]
TOTAL $6,877,131,368 $7,112,786,000


1This subtotal also includes $2,000,000 appropriated in FY 2009 for the Centers of Excellence. These funds are available for two years.
2The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act appropriated a total of $2.1 billion for the Head Start and Early Head Start programs to expand enrollment by 64,000 children and families. These funds are available for two years.

Fiscal Year 2009
ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
Office of Head Start
1250 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20024

Head Start Logo
February 10
Head Start Facts

The Head Start program is administered by the Office of Head Start (OHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Office of Head Start's American Indian-Alaska Native, and Migrant and Seasonal Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private non-profit and for-profit organizations, Indian Tribes and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.

FY-2008 Program Statistics

ENROLLMENT 906,992
Ages
Number of 5 year olds and older 3%
Number of 4 year olds 50%
Number of 3 year olds 37%
Number under 3 years of age 11%
Racial Composition
American Indian/Alaska Native 4.0%
Black/African American 29.4%
White 39.1%
Asian 1.8%
Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0.8%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial 6.5%
Unspecified/Other 18.1%
Ethnic Composition
Hispanic/Latino 35.7%
NUMBER OF GRANTEES 1,591
Number of Classrooms 49,400
Number of Centers 17,975
AVERAGE COST PER CHILD $7,326
PAID STAFF 213,000
VOLUNTEERS 1,384,000

* Each enrollee is reported in both an ethnicity and a race category, which correlates to what the U.S. Census Bureau measures. For example, a family that identifies their child as Black and Cuban will be counted in the "Hispanic or Latino" ethnicity category and also counted in the "Black or African American" race category.

During the 2007–2008 Head Start Program Year:

  • 11 percent of the Head Start enrollment consisted of children with disabilities, (mental retardation, health impairments, visual handicaps, hearing impairments, emotional disturbance, speech and language impairments, orthopedic handicaps and learning disabilities).
  • 47,165 children participated in home-based Head Start program services.
  • 75 percent of Head Start teachers have at least an AA degree in Early Childhood Education.
  • 26 percent of Head Start program staff members were parents of current or former Head Start children. Nearly 894,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start program.
  • 94 percent of Head Start children had health insurance. 82 percent of those with health insurance were enrolled in the Medicaid/Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program or a state sponsored child health insurance program.
  • In Fiscal Year 2008, $688 million was used to support approximately 700 programs which provided Early Head Start child development and family support services in all 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. These programs served nearly 62,000 children under the age of three.
  • More than 237,000 Head Start fathers participated in organized regularly scheduled activities designed to involve them in Head Start and Early Head Start programs.

FY 2008 Head Start Program State Allocations and Enrollment

STATE FUNDING ENROLLMENT
ALABAMA 106,910,747 16,284
ALASKA 12,505,529 1,631
ARIZONA 103,773,998 12,946
ARKANSAS 64,696,986 10,661
CALIFORNIA 833,853,590 97,942
COLORADO 68,519,283 9,820
CONNECTICUT 52,035,272 7,036
DELAWARE 13,270,758 2,059
District of Columbia 25,173,901 3,403
FLORIDA 263,828,726 35,402
GEORGIA 168,952,317 23,359
HAWAII 22,946,443 3,049
IDAHO 22,873,982 2,903
ILLINOIS 271,476,845 39,534
INDIANA 96,453,542 14,190
IOWA 51,685,391 7,677
KANSAS 51,060,945 8,324
KENTUCKY 108,129,820 16,030
LOUISIANA 146,286,727 21,663
MAINE 27,683,563 3,820
MARYLAND 78,239,829 10,347
MASSACHUSETTS 108,635,529 12,742
MICHIGAN 235,167,867 34,949
MINNESOTA 72,193,111 10,306
MISSISSIPPI 162,115,749 26,633
MISSOURI 119,305,226 17,433
MONTANA 21,004,313 2,919
NEBRASKA 36,153,536 5,059
NEVADA 24,343,835 2,754
NEW HAMPSHIRE 13,421,239 1,632
NEW JERSEY 129,353,152 14,850
NEW MEXICO 52,437,413 7,249
NEW YORK 434,333,488 48,084
NORTH CAROLINA 141,647,045 18,903
NORTH DAKOTA 17,220,056 2,353
OHIO 247,546,666 36,975
OKLAHOMA 81,263,182 13,474
OREGON 59,625,878 10,175
PENNSYLVANIA 228,773,267 35,456
RHODE ISLAND 22,073,130 3,083
SOUTH CAROLINA 82,719,421 12,248
SOUTH DAKOTA 18,874,909 2,827
TENNESSEE 119,654,435 16,339
TEXAS 479,971,393 67,680
UTAH 37,863,769 5,518
VERMONT 13,595,041 1,552
VIRGINIA 99,358,903 13,578
WASHINGTON 100,626,555 11,277
WEST VIRGINIA 50,776,400 7,610
WISCONSIN 91,117,239 13,476
WYOMING 12,403,894 1,792
INDIAN TRIBES 183,470,996 22,913
MIGRANT PROGRAMS 291,133,340 36,286
AMERICAN SAMOA 2,155,838 1,532
GUAM 2,169,311 500
NO. MARIANAS 1,668,615 462
PALAU 1,336,971 509
PUERTO RICO 249,973,812 36,842
VIRGIN ISLANDS 8,018,007 942

HEAD START ENROLLMENT HISTORY

FISCAL YEAR ENROLLMENT APPROPRIATION
1965 (summer only) 561,000 $ 96,400,000
1966 733,000 198,900,000
1967 681,400 349,200,000
1968 693,900 316,200,000
1969 663,600 333,900,000
1970 477,400 325,700,000
1971 397,500 360,000,000
1972 379,000 376,300,000
1973 379,000 400,700,000
1974 352,800 403,900,000
1975 349,000 403,900,000
1976 349,000 441,000,000
1977 333,000 475,000,000
1978 391,400 625,000,000
1979 387,500 680,000,000
1980 376,300 735,000,000
1981 387,300 818,700,000
1982 395,800 911,700,000
1983 414,950 912,000,000
1984 442,140 995,750,000
1985 452,080 1,075,059,000
1986 451,732 1,040,315,000
1987 446,523 1,130,542,000
1988 448,464 1,206,324,000
1989 450,970 1,235,000,000
1990 540,930 1,552,000,000
1991 583,471 1,951,800,000
1992 621,078 2,201,800,000
1993 713,903 2,776,286,000
1994 740,493 3,325,728,000
1995 750,696 3,534,128,000
1996 752,077 3,569,329,000
1997 793,809 3,980,546,000
1998 822,316 4,347,433,000
1999 826,016 4,658,151,000
2000 857,664 5,267,000,000
2001 905,235 6,199,123,000
2002 912,345 6,536,570,000
2003 909,608 6,667,533,000
2004 905,851 6,774,848,000
2005 906,993 6,843,114,000
2006 909,201 6,872,062,000
2007 908,412 6,888,571,000
2008 906,992 6,877,975,000

The Head Start program has enrolled more than 26 million children since it began in 1965.

Head Start Program Fact Sheet. HHS/ACF/OHS. 2009. English.

Last Reviewed: February 2011

Last Updated: September 22, 2014