Focus on Language Development: Reports

The following materials lay the foundation and highlight effective practices for DLLs.


These resources have been selected to work together in helping you gain knowledge that is culturally and linguistically responsive to the needs of DLL children.

While the information in this section provides the context for addressing the unique needs of DLLs, additional important information can be found in other sections such as Research, Supplementary Materials, and Multimedia. For example, the resources displayed under Multimedia offer strategies and best practices through webcasts, webinars or podcasts.

Academy for Educational Development. Bilingual Infant/Toddler Environments: Supporting Language and Learning in Our Youngest Children. [PDF, 2.5MB].

Academy for Educational Development. Making a Difference: A Framework for Supporting First and Second Language Development in Preschool Children of Migrant Farm Workers. [PDF, 1.4MB].

FPG Child Development Institute. Crossing the Language Divide. FPG Snapshot #49. [PDF, 217KB].

Office of Head Start. "EHS Tip Sheet No. 42: How Can Early Head Start Programs Support Language and Communication Development When Staff Members Do Not Speak the Child's Home Language?" 2010. [PDF, 61KB].

Office of Head Start. "EHS Tip Sheet No. 43: Does Early Head Start Teach English to Infants and Toddlers Whose Home Language is Not English If That Is What The Family Wants?" 2010. [PDF, 54KB].

Office of Head Start. "How can Teachers and Parents Help Young Children Become and Stay Bilingual?" English Language Learners. Head Start Bulletin #78. 2005.

Office of Head Start. "Is it Wrong to Speak to My Babies in their Home Language?" English Language Learners. Head Start Bulletin #78. 2005.

Office of Head Start. Revisiting and Updating the Multicultural Principles for Head Start Programs Serving Children Ages Birth to Five. 2010.

Office of Head Start. "Program Performance Standards: Supporting Home Language and English Acquisition." English Language Learners. Head Start Bulletin #78. 2005.

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). Position Paper on Language and Literacy Development for Young English Language Learners (Ages 3-8). 2001.

Young Children. "The Challenge of Working with Dual Language Learners. Three Perspectives: Supervisor, Mentor and Teacher" in English and Spanish. March 2009. 

Young Children. Learning in English, Learning in Spanish: A Head Start Program Changes its Approach. July 2009. [PDF, 478.8KB].

Young Children. "Meeting the Home Language Mandate: Practical Strategies for All Classrooms" in English and Spanish. March 2009. 

Be sure to visit the Early Childhood Development Language Development and Communication section for more information.

Focus on Language Development: Reports. HHS/ACF/OHS. 2009. English.

Last Reviewed: July 2010

Last Updated: November 13, 2014