Planned Language Approach

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The Big 5 for All

In order to be ready for school, young children who are dual language learners (DLLs) and those who speak English all require high-quality experiences in each of the Big 5—ALL day, EVERY day, EVERY child. The Big 5 are: Background Knowledge; Oral Language and Vocabulary; Book Knowledge and Print Concepts; Alphabet Knowledge and Early Writing; and Phonological Awareness.

Planned Language Approach (PLA) Big 5 for ALL materials are organized into five sets of documents:

  1. Introductory Materials
  2. The Big Picture
  3. Strategies for Supporting Children's Learning  
  4. Joan Talks about the Big 5
  5. Tip Sheets

Introductory Materials

The Big Picture

Review summaries of the research in the five key areas of language and literacy and other information. Each document defines key terms and looks at why the Big 5 matter. They explain how children develop the skills and what these skills look like at different stages in children's development. The materials also examine the roles language and culture play in development. Explore examples of best ways to support children as their skills grow in each of these five areas.

Strategies for Supporting Children's Learning

Discover specific research-based strategies that help infants, toddlers, and preschoolers develop key skills necessary for their later reading success. The documents are organized into Strategies for Parents and Families and Strategies for Caregivers and Teachers. Each document includes examples of how the strategies are used in daily life.

Strategies for Parents and Families

How Parents and Families Support:

Strategies for Caregivers and Teachers

How Caregivers and Teachers Support:

Joan Talks about the Big 5

In Joan Talks about the Big 5, kindergartner Joan tells us about the language and literacy skills she has learned since birth. Joan's stories outline how knowledgeable adults provided quality environments, resources, and intentional and planned instruction that supported her language and literacy learning. They also explain how the Big 5 skills interconnect. Reading Joan's stories are a fun and interesting way to learn about the Big 5. 

Tip Sheets

Find specific examples of how adults can interact with infants, toddlers, and preschoolers to support their language and literacy learning.

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Last Reviewed: October 2015

Last Updated: October 23, 2015