Olivia & Tony: Read the Story
Last year, Marissa Preston found herself without a job. She is a single mother raising two children: a 4-year-old daughter, Olivia, and an 11-year-old son, Tony. When she found it increasingly difficult to find a job, she decided to move to another state.
Before making the move, Marissa discussed the situation with her mother. After coming to a mutual agreement, Marissa sent Olivia and Tony to live with her mother (the children’s grandmother). Marissa thought it would allow her the opportunity to focus on job hunting and securing a job. After she relocated to a new state, she was successful in her quest to find a job. Marissa has not sent for her children. They continue to live with their grandmother.
According to section 725(2) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11434a(2)), the term “homeless children and youths”—
(A) means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence...; and
(i) children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals; or are awaiting foster care placement;
(ii) children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
(iii) children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
(iv) migratory children who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii).
Children and youth are considered homeless if they fit both part A and any one of the subparts of part B of the definition above.