Workforce Investment Act; 2008 Lower Living Standard Income Level

Workforce Investment Act (WIA) defines the term “low-income individual” as one who qualifies under various criteria, including one who received income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher level of the poverty line or 70 percent of the 2007 Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL). Grantees who serve low-income families will find this information useful for determining eligibility. This issuance provides the secretary's annual LLSIL for 2007 and references the current 2007 Health and Human Services “Poverty Guidelines.”

 

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: It is the purpose of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 “to provide workforce investment activities, through statewide and local workforce investment systems, that increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants, and increase occupational skill attainment by participants, and as a result, improve the quality of the workforce, reduce welfare dependency, and enhance the productivity and competitiveness of the Nation.”

The LLSIL is used for several purposes under WIA. Specifically, WIA Section 101(25) defines the term “low income individual” for eligibility purposes, and Sections 127(b) (2) (C) and 132(b) (1) (B) (v) (IV) define the terms “disadvantaged youth” and “disadvantaged adult” in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for state formula allotments.

The Governor and state/local workforce investment boards (WIBs) use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth, eligibility for employed adult workers for certain services and for the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC). We encourage the Governors and state/local WIBs to consult WIA regulations and the preamble to the WIA Final Rule (published at 65 FR 49294 August 11, 2000) for more specific guidance in applying the LLSIL to program requirements.

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the annual 2007 update of the poverty-level guidelines in the Federal Register at 72 FR 3147-3148 on January 24, 2007. The HHS 2007 Poverty guidelines may also be found on the Internet at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/07fedreg.htm ETA plans to have the 2007 LLSIL available on its Web site at http://www.doleta.gov/.

WIA Section 101(24) defines the LLSIL as ``that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary [of Labor] based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary.''

The most recent lower living family budget was issued by the Secretary in the fall of 1981. The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. BLS terminated the four-person family budget series in 1982, after publication of the fall 1981 estimates. Currently, BLS provides data to ETA through which it develops the LLSIL tables.

ETA published the 2006 updates to the LLSIL in the Federal Register of June 1, 2006, at 71 FR 31215. This notice again updates the LLSIL to reflect cost of living increases for 2006, by applying the percentage change in the December 2006, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), compared with the December 2005, CPI-U to each of the June 1, 2006, LLSIL figures. Those updated figures for a family-of-four are listed in Table 1, by region for both metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Figures in all of the accompanying tables are rounded up to the nearest tenth. Since low income individuals, ``disadvantaged adult'' and ``disadvantaged youth'' may be determined by family income at 70 percent of the LLSIL, pursuant to WIA Sections 101(25), 127(b) (2) (C), and 132(b) (1) (B) (v) (IV), respectively, those figures are listed below as well.

Jurisdictions included in the various regions, based generally on Census Divisions of the U.S. Department of Commerce, are as follows:

Northeast
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Virgin Islands.

Midwest

Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

South

Alabama, American Samoa, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Northern Marianas, Oklahoma, Palau, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Kentucky, Louisiana, Marshall Islands, Maryland, Micronesia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

West

Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Additionally, separate figures have been provided for Alaska, Hawaii and Guam as indicated in Table 2.

For Alaska, Hawaii, and Guam, the year 2006 figures were updated from the June 1, 2006, "State Index'' based on the ratio of the urban change in the state (using Anchorage for Alaska and Honolulu for Hawaii and Guam) compared to the West regional metropolitan change, and then applying that index to the West regional metropolitan change.

Data on 23 selected MSAs are also available. These are based on semiannual CPI-U changes for a 12-month period ending in December 2006. The updated LLSIL figures for these MSAs and 70 percent of the LLSIL are reported in Table 3.

Table 4 below lists each of the various figures at 70 percent of the updated 2007 LLSIL for family sizes of one to six persons. For families larger than six persons, an amount equal to the difference between the six-person and the five-person family income levels should be added to the six-person family income level for each additional person in the family. Where the poverty level for a particular family size is greater than the corresponding LLSIL figure, the figure is indicated in parentheses. Table 5, 100 percent of LLSIL, is used to determine self-sufficiency as noted at 20 CFR 663.230 of WIA Regulations and WIA Section 134(d) (3) (A) (ii). Use of These Data

Governors should designate the appropriate LLSILs for use within the state from Tables 1 through 3. Tables 4 and 5 may be used with any of the levels designated. The Governor's designation may be provided by disseminating information on MSAs and metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas within the state or it may involve further calculations. For example, the State of New Jersey may have four or more LLSIL figures for Northeast metropolitan, Northeast non-metropolitan, portions of the State in the New York City MSA, and those in the Philadelphia MSA. If a workforce investment area includes areas that would be covered by more than one figure, the Governor may determine which is to be used.     Under 20 CFR 661.110, a state's policies and measures for the workforce investment system shall be accepted by the Secretary to the extent that they are consistent with the WIA and the WIA regulations.

Disclaimer on Statistical Uses

It should be noted, the publication of these figures is only for the purpose of meeting the requirements specified by WIA as defined in the law and regulations. BLS has not revised the lower living family budget since 1981, and has no plans to do so. The four-person urban family budget estimates series has been terminated. The CPI-U adjustments used to update the LLSIL for this publication are not precisely comparable, most notably because certain tax items were included in the 1981 LLSIL, but are not in the CPI-U. Thus, these figures should not be used for any statistical purposes, and are valid only for those purposes under WIA as defined in the law and regulations.

Lower Living Standard Income Level for 2007

Under Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (Pub. L. 105-220) (WIA), the Secretary of Labor annually determines the Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL). This Notice announces the LLSIL Tables for 2007. WIA requires the Department of Labor to update and publish the LLSIL tables annually. The LLSIL tables are used for several purposes under WIA, determining eligibility for youth and for the Work Opportunity Tax Credit.

Signed at Washington, DC, this 29th day, of May, 2007.
Emily Stover DeRocco,
Assistant Secretary, ETA.

Attachments

 Table 1.--Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four
                         Persons) by Region \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                2007
Region \2\                                               adjusted    70 percent
                                                               LLSIL         LLSIL
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Northeast:
  Metro.......................................         $36,070      $25,250
  Non-Metro \3\...............................       34,630        24,240
Midwest:
  Metro.......................................           32,110       22,480
  Non-Metro...................................        30,450       21,320
South:
  Metro.......................................           30,790       21,550
  Non-Metro...................................        29,700       20,790
West:
  Metro.......................................           35,220       24,660
  Non-Metro \4\...............................       34,080       23,860
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For ease of use, these figures have been rounded to the next highest
  ten dollars.
\2\ Metropolitan area measures were calculated from the weighted average
  CPI-Us for city size classes A and B/C. Non-metropolitan area measures
  were calculated from the CPI-Us for city size class D.
\3\ Non-metropolitan area percent changes for the Northeast region are
  no longer available. The Non-metropolitan percent change was
  calculated using the U.S. average CPI-U for city size Class D.
\4\ Non-metropolitan area percent changes for the West region are
  unpublished data.


   Table 2.--Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four
                  Persons)--Alaska, Hawaii and Guam \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               2007
                    Region                                adjusted    70 percent
                                                                 LLSIL        LLSIL
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska:
  Metro.......................................              $43,340      $30,340
  Non-Metro \2\...............................            42,760        29,930
  Hawaii, Guam:
  Metro.......................................                46,370        32,460
  Non-Metro \2\...............................            45,650        31,960
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Rounded to next highest ten dollars.
\2\ Non-Metropolitan percent changes for Alaska, Hawaii and Guam were
  calculated from the CPI-Us for city size Class D in the Western
  Region.


    Table 3.--Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four
                          Persons) 23 MSAs \1\
       ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     2007
       Metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)        Adjusted    70 percent
                                                                    LLSIL        LLSIL
       ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Anchorage, AK...................................          $43,340       $30,340
Atlanta, GA......................................             30,470        21,330
Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA/NH/ME/CT......    39,520        27,670
     Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL/IN/WI................    33,580        23,510
Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH/KY/IN.................       32,410        22,690
Cleveland-Akron, OH...........................           33,020        23,120
Dallas-Ft. Worth, TX..........................             29,510        20,660
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO....................       34,040        23,830
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI...................           31,710       22,200
Honolulu, HI..................................                46,370       32,460
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX................      28,700        20,090
Kansas City, MO/KS............................            31,250       21,870
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA...      37,220       26,050
Milwaukee-Racine, WI..........................           31,860       22,300
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN/WI...................         32,350       22,640
New York-Northern NJ-Long Island,                   38,160      26,710
    NY/NJ/CT/PA .............................
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA/NJ/     35,230       24,660
    PA/NJ/DE/MD........................................
Pittsburgh, PA................................                 38,510       26,960
St. Louis, MO/IL..............................                30,920       21,650
San Diego, CA.................................                39,980       27,990
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA............     37,480       26,240
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA..................      37,810       26,470
Washington-Baltimore, DC/MD/VA/WV \2\......... 38,290      26,800
------------------------------------------------------------------------

\1\ Rounded to next highest ten dollars. \2\ Baltimore and Washington are now calculated as a single metropolitan   statistical area.

Table 4.--Seventy Percent of Updated 2007 Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL), by Family Size

To use the seventy percent LLSIL value, where it is stipulated for WIA programs, individuals must begin by locating the region or metropolitan area where they reside. These are listed in Tables 1, 2 and 3. Individuals must locate their region or metropolitan statistical area and then find the seventy percent LLSIL amount for that location.

The seventy percent LLSIL figures are listed in the last column to the right on each of the three tables. These figures apply to a family of four. Larger and smaller family eligibility is based on a percentage of the family of four. To determine eligibility for other size families consult the table below.

To use Table 4, locate the seventy percent LLSIL value that applies to the individual's region or metropolitan area from Tables 1, 2 or 3. Find the same number in the ``family of four'' column of Table 4. Move left or right across that row to the size that corresponds to the individual's family unit. That figure is the maximum household income the individual is permitted in order to qualify as economically disadvantaged under WIA.

Where the HHS poverty level for a particular family size is greater than the corresponding LLSIL figure, the LLSIL figure appears in a shaded block. Individuals from these size families may consult the 2007 HHS poverty guidelines found in the Federal Register, Vol. 72, No. 15, January 24, 2007, pp. 3147-3148 (on the Internet at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/07fedreg.htm) to find the higher eligibility standard. Individuals from Alaska and Hawaii should consult the HHS guidelines for the generally higher poverty levels that apply in their states.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Family of    Family of    Family of   Family of   Family of   Family of
    one            two           three         four           five           six
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 $7,240      $11,860      $16,280     $20,090      $23,710     $27,730
   7,440        12,190        16,740      20,660        24,380      28,520
  7,490        12,270       16,840      20,790      24,540      28,700
  7,680        12,580       17,270      21,320      25,160      29,430
  7,680        12,590       17,280      21,330      25,170      29,440
  7,760        12,720       17,460      21,550      25,430      29,740
  7,800        12,780       17,540      21,650      25,550      29,880
  7,880        12,910       17,720      21,870      25,810      30,190
  8,000        13,100       17,990      22,200      26,200      30,640
  8,030        13,160       18,070      22,300      26,320      30,780
  8,100        13,270       18,210      22,480      26,530      31,030
  8,160        13,360       18,340      22,640      26,720      31,250
  8,170        13,390       18,380      22,690      26,780      31,320
  8,330        13,650       18,730      23,120      27,290      31,910
  8,470        13,880       19,050      23,510      27,750      32,450
  8,580        14,060       19,310      23,830      28,120      32,890
  8,590        14,080       19,330      23,860      28,160      32,930
  8,730        14,310       19,640      24,240      28,610      33,460
  8,880        14,550       19,980      24,660      29,100      34,040
  9,090        14,900       20,460      25,250      29,800      34,850
  9,380        15,370       21,110      26,050      30,740      35,950
  9,450        15,490       21,260      26,240      30,970      36,220
  9,530        15,620       21,450      26,470      31,240      36,530
  9,620        15,760       21,640      26,710      31,520      36,860
  9,650        15,820       21,710      26,800      31,630      36,990
  9,710        15,910       21,840      26,960      31,820      37,210
  9,970        16,330       22,420      27,670      32,660      38,190
 10,080       16,520       22,680      27,990      33,030      38,630
 10,780       17,660       24,250      29,930      35,320      41,310
 10,930       17,910       24,580      30,340      35,810      41,870
 11,510       18,860       25,890      31,960      37,720      44,110
 11,690       19,160       26,300      32,460      38,310      44,800
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table 5.--Updated 2007 LLSIL (100%), by Family Size

To use the LLSIL to determine the minimum level for establishing
self-sufficiency criteria at the state or local level begin by locating the metropolitan area or region from Table 1, 2 or 3. The individual must locate their region or metropolitan statistical area and then find the 2007 Adjusted LLSIL amount for that location. These figures apply to a family of four. Locate the corresponding number in the family of four in the column below. Move left or right across that row to the size that corresponds to the individual's family unit. That figure is the minimum figure States must set for determining whether employment leads to self-sufficiency under WIA programs.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Family of    Family of    Family of   Family of   Family of   Family of
     one           two          three          four           five         six
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$10,340      $16,940      $23,250     $28,700     $33,870     $39,610
  10,630       17,420       23,910       29,510      34,830      40,730
  10,700       17,530       24,060       29,700      35,050      40,990
  10,970       17,970       24,670       30,450      35,940      42,030
  10,970       17,980       24,690       30,470      35,960      42,050
  11,090       18,170       24,940       30,790      36,340      42,500
 11,140       18,250       25,050       30,920      36,490      42,670
  11,250       18,440       25,320       31,250      36,880      43,130
  11,420       18,710       25,690       31,710      37,420      43,760
  11,470       18,800       25,810       31,860      37,600      43,970
  11,560       18,950       26,010       32,110      37,890      44,320
  11,650       19,090       26,210       32,350      38,180      44,650
  11,670       19,130       26,260       32,410      38,250      44,730
  11,890       19,490       26,750       33,020      38,970      45,570
  12,090       19,820       27,200       33,580      39,630      46,350
  12,260       20,090       27,580       34,040      40,170      46,980
  12,270       20,110       27,610       34,080      40,220      47,040
  12,470       20,440       28,060       34,630      40,870      47,790
  12,680       20,780       28,530       35,220      41,560      48,610
  12,690       20,790       28,540       35,230      41,580      48,620
  12,990       21,290       29,220       36,070      42,570      49,780
  13,400       21,960       30,150       37,220      43,920      51,370
  13,500       22,120       30,360       37,480      44,230      51,730
  13,620       22,310       30,630       37,810      44,620      52,180
  13,740       22,520       30,910       38,160      45,030      52,670
  13,790       22,600       31,020       38,290      45,190      52,850
  13,870       22,730       31,200       38,510      45,450      53,150
  14,230       23,320       32,020       39,520      46,640      54,540
  14,400       23,590       32,390       39,980      47,180      55,180
  15,400       25,230       34,640       42,760      50,460      59,010
  15,610       25,580       35,110       43,340      51,150      59,810
  16,440       26,940       36,980       45,650      53,870      63,000
  16,700       27,360       37,560       46,370      54,720      64,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Workforce Investment Act; 2008 Lower Living Standard Income Level. HHS/DOL. 2008. English.  

Last Reviewed: June 2009

Last Updated: November 13, 2014