(a) Nutrition service requirements. (1) A program must design and implement nutrition services that are culturally and developmentally appropriate, meet the nutritional needs of and accommodate the feeding requirements of each child, including children with special dietary needs and children with disabilities. Family style meals are encouraged as described in §1302.31 (e)(2).
(2) Specifically, a program must:
(i) Ensure each child in a program that operates for fewer than six hours per day receives meals and snacks that provide one third to one half of the child’s daily nutritional needs;
(ii) Ensure each child in a program that operates for six hours or more per day receives meals and snacks that provide one half to two thirds of the child’s daily nutritional needs, depending upon the length of the program day;
(iii) Serve three- to five-year-olds meals and snacks that conform to USDA requirements in 7 CFR parts 210, 220, and 226, and are high in nutrients and low in fat, sugar, and salt;
(iv) Feed infants and toddlers according to their individual developmental readiness and feeding skills as recommended in USDA requirements outlined in 7 CFR parts 210, 220, and 226, and ensure infants and young toddlers are fed on demand to the extent possible;
(v) Ensure bottle-fed infants are never laid down to sleep with a bottle;
(vi) Serve all children in morning center-based settings who have not received breakfast upon arrival at the program a nourishing breakfast;
(vii) Provide appropriate healthy snacks and meals to each child during group socialization activities in the home-based option;
(viii) Promote breastfeeding, including providing facilities to properly store and handle breast milk and make accommodations, as necessary, for mothers who wish to breastfeed during program hours, and if necessary, provide referrals to lactation consultants or counselors; and,
(ix) Make safe drinking water available to children during the program day.
(b) Payment sources. A program must use funds from USDA Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services child nutrition programs as the primary source of payment for meal services. Early Head Start and Head Start funds may be used to cover those allowable costs not covered by the USDA.