Head Start Policy and Regulations

Disposition of Older Modular Units

U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services

Administration for Children and Families

1. Log Number: ACF-IM-HS-12-08
2. Issuance Date: 11/30/2012
3. Originating Office: Office of Head Start
4. Key Words: Facilities, Modular Unit, Disposition, Federal Interest

Information Memorandum

To: All Head Start and Early Head Start Grantees and Delegate Agencies
FROM: The Office of Head Start

Subject: Disposition of Older Modular Units


The Head Start Performance Standards found at 45 CFR § 1303 Subpart E address purchase, construction, and major renovation of facilities. The term "modular unit" is defined in 45 CFR § 1305.2 as "a portable prefabricated structure made at another location and moved to a site for use by a Head Start grantee to carry out a Head Start program, regardless of the manner or extent to which the modular unit is attached to the underlying real property."  

Tangible personal property includes equipment and supplies. Equipment is defined by its acquisition cost ($5,000 or more per unit) and its useful life (greater than 1 year) at 45 CFR § 75.2. If the equipment is intended to be "fixed" rather than "movable," it must be classified as "real property." Real property means land, including land improvements, structures, and all appurtenances thereto, excluding movable equipment (45 CFR § 1305.2). Consequently, a modular unit may be properly classified as equipment if it is movable, but should be classified as real property if it is fixed or appurtenant (attached) to the land upon which it is located.

Modular units which are purchased or undergo major renovations using Head Start funds, whether classified as equipment or real property, are subject to a federal interest. A notice of federal interest for a modular unit which has been purchased or undergone major renovations using Head Start funds must be visible and clearly posted on the exterior of and inside the modular unit and must include the elements noted in 45 CFR § 1303.47(c)(1-9).

Modular units are widely used in the delivery of services to children and families. Many modular units currently owned by Head Start and Early Head Start grantees have been in use for a substantial number of years. Some of these units are dilapidated and no longer suitable for program purposes. Determination of the fair market value of older modular units is costly in relation to their value and some are in such poor condition they cannot be moved to another location to facilitate sale.

This Memorandum establishes a simplified disposition process that grantees may use to request release of the federal interest in certain older modular units that are no longer needed for program services. This process applies only to modular units that have been in use for at least 15 years since their acquisition or, if subject to a major renovation, 15 years since their most recent major renovation. This process is available for qualified modular units, regardless of whether they are classified by the grantee as equipment or real property.


  1. The grantee must submit a written request for disposition of the modular unit to the Regional Grants Management Officer, including:
    1. A statement, including factual basis for the statement, that the modular unit is no longer needed for program purposes.
    2. The serial number or other identifying information for the modular unit.
    3. The date of acquisition of the modular unit.
    4. The acquisition price of the modular unit.
    5. The date of any major renovation(s) of the modular unit.
    6. The total value of any major renovation(s) of the modular unit.
    7. The completion date of any major renovation(s) to the modular unit.
    8. How the grantee proposes to dispose of the modular unit.
      • Retain ownership for non-Head Start or Early Head Start use (describe use)
      • Sale to a third party
      • Donation or transfer for no value received (identify recipient)
      • Demolition or removal for salvage value only
      • Other (describe)
  2. The grantee must also submit a copy of the notice of federal interest currently in effect for the modular unit.
  3. Upon review of the request for disposition of the modular unit, the Regional Grants Management Officer is to address the following to determine eligibility for simplified disposition:
    1. At least 15 years has passed since the grantee acquired the modular unit or since the modular unit underwent its most recent major renovation, if any, whichever last occurred.
    2. The grantee has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the reviewer that the modular unit is no longer needed for Head Start or Early Head Start program purposes.
    3. The grantee has identified a method of disposal for the modular unit other than abandonment. Abandonment of a modular unit is not an acceptable method of disposition since it continues risk of liability for the modular unit.
  4. If the conditions noted above are met, the Regional Grants Management Officer shall consent to the proposed disposition of the modular unit, provide the grantee with written consent to disposition, and release the federal interest in the property.
  5. Proceeds received from the sale of older modular units are classified as program income and must be reported by the recipient and used only for allowable program costs in accordance with applicable cost principles and the terms and conditions of the award. Proceeds are federal in source and cannot be used as non-federal match.


45 CFR § 1303 Subpart E; 45 CFR § 1305.2; 45 CFR § 75.2; 45 CFR § 1305.2; 45 CFR § 1303.47(c)(1-9)

Please direct any questions on this Information Memorandum to your Office of Head Start Regional Office.

/ Yvette Sanchez Fuentes /

Yvette Sanchez Fuentes
Office of Head Start

See PDF Version of Information Memorandum:

Historical Document