Appendix A: Observation Handout

Directions: Use this handout with teachers, family child care providers, home visitors, and parents and families to identify adult-child interactions. Consider how they support infants’ and toddlers’ development and learning in the ELOF domains and sub-domains.

Select the links below to download the handout; the PDF is added to comply with Section 508. You can modify the text as you wish:

ELOF Domain / Sub-domain Adult-Child Interactions What Children May Be Learning

Approaches to Learning:

  • Emotional and Behavioral Self-Regulation
  • Cognitive Self-Regulation
  • Initiative and Curiosity
  • Creativity



Social and Emotional:

  • Relationships with Adults
  • Relationships with Other Children
  • Emotional Functioning
  • Sense of Identity and Belonging



Language and Literacy/Language and Communication:

  • Attending and Understanding
  • Communicating and Speaking
  • Vocabulary
  • Emergent Literacy




  • Exploration and Discovery
  • Memory
  • Reasoning and Problem Solving
  • Emergent Mathematical Thinking
  • Imitation and Symbolic Representation and Play



Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development

  • Perception
  • Gross Motor
  • Fine Motor
  • Health, Safety, and Nutrition