Head Start: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Transportation Regulations

The General Accountability Office (GAO) completed a report that examined how Head Start grantee and delegate agencies had implemented the Head Start transportation regulations. The report can help local Head Start programs' improve their understanding of the challenges of transportation services. The report specifically provides information on the numbers of children transported by grantees and delegates that submitted requests to the Office of Head Start in 2006 for more time to implement the monitor and restraint provisions, as well as the challenges that were faced in the past.

"The leading cause of death for children ages 3 to 7 is motor vehicle traffic crashes. Head Start, a federal early care and education program run by local grantees and targeted at low-income children, currently serves approximately 900,000 children, and transports many of them to and from Head Start centers across the country. While not required to do so, many Head Start grantees offer transportation as a way to make Head Start more widely available to the eligible population, especially very poor children.

To address concerns about transporting children safely, the 1992 Head Start Improvement Act directed the Office of Head Start, housed within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to develop transportation regulations to ensure the safety and effectiveness of transportation services made available to children by Head Start grantees. Head Start issued these regulations in 2001."

For more information about this study, select GAO-06-767R Head Start Transportation [PDF, 3.9MB].